Phil Edwards (athlete)

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Phil Edwards
Phil Edwards 1928.jpg
Phil Edwards at the 1928 Olympics
Personal information
Full name Philip Aaron Edwards
Born September 23, 1907
Georgetown, Guyana
Died September 6, 1971 (aged 63)
Montréal, Canada
Height 1.76 m (5 ft 9 in)
Weight 64 kg (141 lb)
Sport
Sport Running
Club Hamilton/McGill University

Philip Aaron "Phil" Edwards, MD (September 23, 1907 – September 6, 1971) was a Canadian and Guyanese track and field athlete who competed in middle-distance events. Nicknamed the "Man of Bronze", he was Canada's most-decorated Olympian and the first Black Canadian man to win a trophy at what are now known as the Commonwealth Games. He was the first-ever winner of the Lou Marsh Trophy as Canada's top athlete. He went on to serve as a captain in the Canadian army and as a highly regarded physician and expert of tropical diseases.

Early years[edit]

Edwards was born in Georgetown, British Guiana (now Guyana), to a lawyer who acted as his first running coach. Following secondary school Edwards moved to the United States to pursue his running career, enrolling in New York University in 1926, and attracted attention by setting a number of intercollegiate records in middle-distance events.[1]

Canadian Olympian[edit]

While Edwards' performance at New York University clearly established him as an Olympic-calibre athlete, he was not eligible to compete for the United States even though he could compete for Canada and also did not have an Olympic team. In 1927 he was invited by Melville Marks (Bobby) Robinson, manager of the Canadian Olympic track and field team, to compete for Canada in the 1928 Summer Olympics, where Edwards won a bronze medal as part of Canada's 4×400 m relay team.[2]

Following Amsterdam, Edwards left New York University to attend Montreal's McGill University as a medical student, where he also competed with university's track team. Edwards also continued his association with Bobby Robinson there, competing for British Guiana in the first-ever Commonwealth Games which were created largely due to Robinson's efforts, held in Hamilton, Ontario in 1930. He would go on to compete once more for British Guiana in the 1934 British Empire Games in London.[1]

At McGill Edwards captained the university track team from 1931 to 1936, leading the team to six consecutive championships. At the international level, Edwards went on to compete in the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and in the infamous 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, where he was one of a number of black athletes, including American runner Jesse Owens, to compete before the Hitler regime. Edwards earned bronze medals in 1932 in the 800 m, 1500 m, and 4×400 m relay event, and in 1936 in the 800 m event.[2] On the way back from the 1936 games, Edwards was refused lodgings in the London hotel at which the team was booked on account of his race; the full team cancelled their stay at the hotel as a result, preferring to accompany him elsewhere.[1]

Recognition[edit]

The five bronze medals gave Edwards the nickname 'Man of Bronze', and made him Canada's most prolific Olympic medal-winner; he would be joined in 2002 by Marc Gagnon and later François-Louis Tremblay and eventually surpassed by Cindy Klassen and Clara Hughes. Edwards was among the first black athletes to earn an Olympic medal and, along with Hamilton runner Ray Lewis, one of only a handful of black athletes to represent Canada in the 1920s and 1930s; as a gold medal-winner for British Guiana in the 1934 British Empire Games, Edwards was also the first black man to be awarded in what are now the Commonwealth Games. Four years earlier he also participated in the 1930 British Empire Games. He finished fifth in the 880 yards event as well as in the 1 mile competition. In the 440 yards contest he was eliminated in the heats. Edwards was named the inaugural Lou Marsh Trophy winner in 1936 as Canada's top athlete.[1][3]

Edwards was inducted into the Canada's Sports Hall of Fame[3][4] and the McGill University Sports Hall of Fame in 1997,[1] the Quebec Sports Hall of Fame in 2005. An annual award in his name, the Phil A. Edwards Memorial Trophy, has been presented to Canada's outstanding track athlete annually since 1972.[1][3]

He was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

Medical career[edit]

Edwards graduated from McGill University's medical school in 1936, immediately before competing in the 1936 Olympic Games and being named Canada's top athlete. Interrupting his medical career to serve with the Canadian army, Edwards rose to the rank of captain before returning to Montreal. He earned a graduate medical diploma in 1945 and became a specialist in tropical diseases, joining the staff of Montreal's Royal Victoria Hospital and participating in a number of international medical missions.[1][3] Edwards' tenure at the Royal Victoria coincided with that of infamous psychiatrist Ewen Cameron; outside his tropical medicine work, Edwards was instrumental in rescuing at least one patient whose physical illness had been misdiagnosed and mistreated by Cameron as a psychiatric matter.

Dr. Edwards was just a few days shy of his 64th birthday when he died of heart problems in 1971. He is interred in the Mount Royal Cemetery in Montreal.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Dr. Phil Edwards Class of 1936. mcgillathletics.ca
  2. ^ a b Phil Edwards. Sports Reference.com
  3. ^ a b c d Zukerman, Earl (30 May 2013) McGill Olympian Phil Edwards gets call from Athletics Canada Hall of Fame. rseq.ca
  4. ^ PHIL EDWARDS. sportshall.ca

Bibliography[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
None
Lou Marsh Trophy winner
1936
Succeeded by
Marshal Cleland