|Birth name||Philip Ramone|
January 5, 1934|
|Origin||Brooklyn, New York U.S.|
|Died||March 30, 2013
New York, New York, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||record producer, recording engineer, music executive, composer, songwriter, performer|
|Labels||A & R Recording, Columbia, Warner Bros., Verve, Hear Music, Casablanca|
Philip "Phil" Ramone (January 5, 1934 – March 30, 2013) was a South African-born American recording engineer, record producer, violinist and composer, who in 1958 co-founded A & R Recording, Inc., a recording studio with business partner Jack Arnold[disambiguation needed] at 112 West 48th Street, New York, above what was then Manny's Music. The success of that studio caused it to grow into several studios and a record producing company. He was described by Billboard as "legendary", and the BBC as a "CD pioneer".
Ramone was born in South Africa and grew up in Brooklyn, New York, USA. As a child in South Africa, Ramone was a musical prodigy, beginning to play the violin at age three and performing for Princess Elizabeth at age ten. In the late 1940s he trained as a classical violinist at the Juilliard School, where one of his classmates was Phil Woods. Ramone opened his own recording studio before he was 20. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States on December 14, 1953.
A & R Recording
In 1959, Ramone established an independent recording studio A & R Recording (the initials were derived from the last initials of Ramone and his then-business partner Jack Arnold). Later the partnership which owned the studio consisted of Brooks Arthur owning half while Ramone, Donald Frey and Arthur Downs Ward (1922–2002) owned the other fifty percent.
In the studio he quickly gained a reputation as a good sound engineer and music producer, in particular for his use of innovative technology. Among the performers whose music Ramone produced are Clay Aiken, Burt Bacharach, The Band, Bono, Laura Branigan, Ray Charles, Karen Carpenter, Chicago, Peter Cincotti, Natalie Cole, Bob Dylan, Sheena Easton, Melissa Errico, Gloria Estefan, Aretha Franklin, Billy Joel, Elton John, Quincy Jones, Patricia Kaas, B.B. King, Julian Lennon, Shelby Lynne, Madonna, Barry Manilow, Richard Marx, Paul McCartney, George Michael, Liza Minnelli, Anne Murray, Olivia Newton-John, Sinéad O'Connor, Fito Páez, Luciano Pavarotti (including the Pavarotti and Friends Charity Concerts in Modena Italy), Peter, Paul and Mary, June Pointer, André Previn, Diane Schuur, Michael Sembello, Carly Simon, Paul Simon, Frank Sinatra, Rod Stewart, James Taylor, The Guess Who, Dionne Warwick, Stevie Wonder and Nikki Yanofsky. He is also credited with having recorded Marilyn Monroe's intoxicated version of "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" to John F. Kennedy.
In 1972, management of A & R included Robert Gerics (general manager & studio manager), Nick Diminno (studio manager), and Irving Joel (chief engineer). The studio was located at 322 West 48th Street.
His early work in producing and engineering was with jazz artists, working on John Coltrane records and acting as engineer for the landmark Getz/Gilberto album in 1964, for which he won his first Grammy. He transitioned during the 1960s to working with folk-rock, pop-rock, and R&B acts such as Peter, Paul and Mary, James Taylor, Aretha Franklin and Bob Dylan, first primarily as an engineer, and later as a producer. He won his first production Grammy for his work on 1975's Still Crazy After All These Years by Paul Simon. He produced Billy Joel's 1977 album The Stranger and began a fruitful collaboration with Ramone producing a string of hit Joel albums throughout the rest of the 1970s and 1980s. In 1993, he produced Duets, Frank Sinatra's comeback album, a commercial hit that peaked at #2 on the Billboard Album Chart. During the rest of the 1990s, Ramone moved from production work to his primary role as an industry executive, serving as chairman of The Recording Academy, though he would still be involved in some studio work including several Broadway cast recordings, as well as helping produce, with Quincy Jones, the televised A Tribute to Brian Wilson in 2001.
Ramone was a founding member of META (the Music & Engineering Technology Alliance).
October 1, 2014, marked the thirty-second anniversary of the world's first commercially marketed compact disc. On that date in 1982, A & R Recording released a digital compact disc version of Billy Joel's 52nd Street in Japan, alongside Sony's CD player CDP-101.
Ramone introduced optical surround sound for movies. His book, Making Records: The Scenes Behind the Music, written with Chuck Granata, was released on October 9, 2007. Also in October 2007, Ramone produced a limited engagement performance of Richard Vetere's Be My Love: The Mario Lanza Story. The play was directed by Charles Messina and co-produced by Sonny Grosso. It premiered at The Tilles Center in Greenvale, New York.
Other professional activities
In addition to producing music, Ramone had numerous concert, film, Broadway and television productions to his credit that include A Star is Born, Walkabout, August Rush, Beyond the Sea, Flashdance, Ghostbusters, Midnight Cowboy, On Her Majesty's Secret Service, Passion, Seussical, Simon and Garfunkel: The Concert In Central Park, Songwriters Hall of Fame Awards, The Score, VH1/BBC Party at the Palace: Queen’s Jubilee Concert and The Good Thief. A champion of music educational programs, Ramone served on the boards of the National Mentoring Partnership and Berklee College of Music.
On July 8, 2008, Columbia records released The Stranger 30th Anniversary, which features interviews with Ramone. This box set includes a remastered version of the 1977 Billy Joel album, The Stranger by Ramone. The following summer, Ramone produced Gershwin Across America, a tribute album to the music of George and Ira Gershwin. The album features Jewel, Jason Mraz, Darius Rucker, and Paul Simon among others. In 2011, Ramone worked with George Michael, during his 2011 Symphonica Tour.
Ramone was hospitalized in late February 2013 with an aortic aneurysm. He died of complications from surgery related to the aortic aneurysm. on March 30, 2013, at New York Presbyterian Hospital in Manhattan at the age of 79.
- 1965 – Best Engineered Recording (non classical), for Getz/Gilberto
- 1970 – Best Musical Show Album for producing Promises, Promises
- 1976 – Album of the Year for producing Still Crazy After All These Years
- 1979 – Record of the Year for producing "Just the Way You Are"
- 1980 – Album of the Year for producing 52nd Street
- 1981 – Producer of the Year (non classical)
- 1984 – Best Album Of Original Score Written For A Motion Picture Or A Television Special, for Flashdance
- 1995 – Best Musical Show Album for producing Passion
- 2003 – Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album, for producing "Playin' With My Friends: Bennett Sings The Blues"
- 2005 – Album of the Year and Best Surround Sound Album for producing Genius Loves Company
- 2006 – Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for producing The Art of Romance
- 2007 – Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for producing Duets: An American Classic
- 2012 – Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for producing Duets II
Ramone was awarded honorary degrees by Five Towns College, Berklee College of Music, and Skidmore College. He was a member of Berklee's Board of Trustees. He was also awarded a Fellowship by the Audio Engineering Society in 2007.
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- US District Court for the Southern District of New York, Petition No. 625266, Admission No. 7198731
- Eskow, Gary (June 1, 2005). "Classic Tracks: Janis Ian's "At Seventeen"". Mix. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "1972 International Directory of Recording Studios", Billboard, June 10, 1972, pg. RS 38
- Ruhlmann, William. "Phil Ramone". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
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- "Sony History: A Great Invention 100 Years On". Sony. Archived from the original on August 2, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
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- "Phil Ramone Project". Frost School of Music. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "Richard Vetere Collection". Stony Brook University Special Collections & University Archives. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "Phil Ramone: About". philramone.com. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "Phil Ramone, Master Music Maker". Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Billy Joel The Stranger: 30th Anniversary Deluxe Edition Review". BBC Music. July 14, 2008. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- Mergner, Lee (August 25, 2010). "All-star lineup performs Gershwin across America at Hollywood Bowl". Jazz Times. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- Martinez, Michael (March 30, 2013). "Music producer and innovator Phil Ramone dead at age 72". CNN. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "Legendary record producer Phil Ramone in 'critical care'". NME. March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "Past winners search". Grammy.com. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "Technical GRAMMY award". Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "AES Historical Web Store: Oral History Project: Phil Ramone (101)". Audio Engineering Society. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- Ramone, Phil; Granata, Charles L., Making records: the scenes behind the music, New York : Hyperion, 2007. ISBN 978-0-7868-6859-9
- Phil Ramone online
- Phil Ramone at the Internet Movie Database
- Phil Ramone myspace
- JazzWax (5-part interview series)