Tippett (left) with Dennis Muren at a screening of Jurassic Park 3D in 2013.
|Born||1951 (age 62–63)
Berkeley, California, US
Tippett was born in Berkeley, California. In 1958, when he was seven, Phil saw Ray Harryhausen's special effects classic, The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad, and his life's direction was set. Phil completed a bachelor's degree in art at the University of California, Irvine, and went to work at the animation studio Cascade Pictures in Los Angeles.
In 1975, while still working at Cascade Pictures, Phil Tippett and Jon Berg were hired by George Lucas at Industrial Light & Magic to create a stop motion miniature chess scene for the first Star Wars film. When Star Wars was being released on theatres, in 1977, Tippett was approached by Joe Dante and Jon Davison to create the fish for Roger Corman's Piranha (released in 1978, although Tippett was not credited in the film). That year, 1978, Phil headed the ILM animation department with Jon Berg for Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (released in 1980). For this film, Tippett co-developed the animation technique called go motion to animate the sinister AT-AT Imperial Walkers and the hybrid alien tauntauns. In 1981 Tippett continued using go motion for Dragonslayer, and received his first Academy Award nomination for the extraordinarily realistic dragon animation. By 1983, Tippett led the famed Lucasfilm creature shop for Return of the Jedi for which he was awarded his first Oscar in 1984.
In 1984 Tippett Studio was born when Phil left ILM and set up a studio in his garage to create a 10-minute experimental film called Prehistoric Beast. The realism of the dinosaurs it depicted and the film's reflection of contemporary scientific theory led to the 1985 CBS animated documentary Dinosaur! Tippett Studio won its first award, an Emmy for Special Visual Effects, for the animated dinosaur sequences.
In 1986 producer Jon Davison hired Tippett to create the animated robot sequences for RoboCop. The ED-209 stop motion model was designed by Craig Davies, who also built the full size models, and animated by Tippett. As one of the setpieces of the movie, the ED-209's look and animated sequences were under the close supervision of director Paul Verhoeven, who sometimes acted out the robot's movements himself. ED 209 was voiced by producer Jon Davison. This project became the start of a long and successful collaboration between Davies and Tippet.
He also modeled the Dark Overlord creatures seen in Howard the Duck.
Computer generated effects
In 1991, Phil was hired to create the dinosaur effects for the Steven Spielberg blockbuster Jurassic Park using his go motion technique made famous in the film Dragonslayer. However, Dennis Muren and his CGI team at Industrial Light & Magic created animated test footage of a T-Rex that Spielberg loved.
When Tippett was told that Jurassic Park dinosaurs would be computer-generated, he was shocked, exclaiming "I've just become extinct" (a line Spielberg borrows and uses in the movie). Far from being extinct, Tippett evolved as stop motion animation gave way to Computer-generated imagery or CGI, and because of Phil's background and understanding of animal movement and behavior, Spielberg kept Tippett on to supervise the animation on 50 dinosaur shots for Jurassic Park. Phil supervised both the Tippett Studio and ILM animators, resulting in realistic digital dinosaurs that breathe, flex, twitch and react. His effort earned him a second Oscar. Work done on Jurassic Park resulted in the development by Tippett Studio's Craig Hayes of the DID (Digital Input Device) which was pivotal in the transition from stop motion to computer generated animation in bringing creatures to life.
In 1995, Tippett Studio was hired to create the giant, hostile alien arachnids in Paul Verhoeven's adaptation of Robert A. Heinlein's classic science fiction novel Starship Troopers. Tippett marshaled a team of 100 animators, model makers, computer artists and technicians and expanded his all-CGI facility. Because of the intensity of his involvement, and his ability to pre-visualize the hoards of teeming arachnids, Verhoeven has credited Phil with co-directing the large-scale battle sequences for the film. The excellence of this work resulted in Tippett's sixth nomination in 1997 for an Academy Award.
During 1997–98, Phil supervised animation and effects for Universal's Virus and Disney's My Favorite Martian. In 1998–99 he and Craig Hayes co-supervised the visual effects on Jan De Bont's, The Haunting, for DreamWorks. Under Phil and Craig's lead, Tippett Studio created over 100 complex effects shots that expressed the horrific character of the house and the spirits that live there.
In 2000, Phil joined director Ivan Reitman as the visual effects supervisor on the DreamWorks science fiction comedy, Evolution. In just under a year, Tippett Studio designed, realized and animated over 17 extraterrestrial creatures in 175 shots.
Throughout 2001 and into 2002, Tippett changed direction to focus on developing and directing his own movie. Tippett achieved this with Starship Troopers 2, by partnering with his longtime associates, writer Ed Neumeier and producer Jon Davison, with whom he worked on the original Starship Troopers and Robocop.
In 1990, Tippett began work on an independent project entitled "Mad God" but during the rise of his studio, the project was dropped. in 2010 though, "Mad God" was brought back up but Tippett did not have the budget for the film. He started a Kickstarter page to make the funds with the needed budget goal of $40,000. On June 16, 2012, the project was successfully funded after exceeding the goal and making $124,156. The first chapter is expected in Dec 2013, with the project ending when Tippett dies (according to the page). The website for the film is online and shows information on the project.
- The Crater Lake Monster (miniatures builder, uncredited, 1977)
- Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (stop motion animation, 1977)
- Piranha (creature designer, creature animator and model construction, uncredited, 1978)
- Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (go motion animation, 1980)
- Dragonslayer (go motion animation, 1982)
- Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (makeup designer, 1983)
- Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (effects creative consultant, 1984)
- Prehistoric Beast (go motion, 1984)
- Dinosaur! (go motion, 1985)
- Howard the Duck (go motion supervisor: ILM visual effects unit, 1986)
- RoboCop (ED-209 go motion shots, 1987)
- Willow (two-headed dragon go motion sequence, 1988)
- RoboCop 2 (RoboCain go motion sequences, 1990)
- Jurassic Park (Dinosaur supervisor, 1993)
- Dragonheart (dragon designs, 1996)
- Starship Troopers (creature visual effects, 1997)
- Evolution (visual effects supervisor, 2001)
- The Spiderwick Chronicles (animation supervisor, 2008)
- The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn: Part 1 (visual effects supervisor, 2011)
- Jurassic World (Dinosaur Supervisor, 2015)
- Prehistoric Beast (1984, short)
- Starship Troopers 2: Hero of the Federation (2004, feature film)
- MutantLand (2010, short)
- Mad God (2013, feature film)
- New York Times
- "Phil Tippett Biography". Retrieved October 10, 2005.
- Phil Tippett: Hands-On Effects, StarWars.com
- Phil Tippett bio, in the Tippett Studio official web site
- Phil Tippett special effects filmography, IMDB
- Duncan, Jody (February 1991). "Clash of the Robotitans". Cinefex. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- 2Shay, Don and Duncan, Jody. Ballantine Books 1993 "The Making of Jurassic Park" Softcover page 53, first paragraph
- Phil Tippett at the Internet Movie Database
- Phil Tippett at AllMovie
- Tippett Studio
- StarWars.com Phil Tippett bio