|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
|State|| - Pennsylvania
- New Jersey
|Principal cities||Philadelphia, Reading, Camden & Wilmington|
|• Metro||13,256 km2 (5,118 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0 - 366 m (0 - 1,200 ft)|
|Population (2006 est.)|
|• Density||1,138/km2 (439/sq mi)|
|• MSA||5,826,742 (6th)|
|MSA/CSA = 2008, Urban = 2000|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||EST (UTC-5)|
Culturally, the Delaware Valley is taken by various commercial media and advertising venues to mean the Philadelphia metropolitan area, but geographically, geologically, and historically the term used to refer to the valley through which the Delaware River flows. In geology and geography, a strict sense of the term would incorporate the Delaware River's main drainage basin, so encompass major tributaries such as the Schuylkill River and Lehigh River and their valleys or sub-basins. These extensions also apply culturally with decreasing degree gradually decreased by proximal distance because the ease of land travel enables a great deal of daily interaction; for example the large numbers of commuters which travel daily 45-90 minutes creates cultural blends and parallel values.
However, this article discusses the economic region centered on the cities on the tidal part of the Delaware Valley, including the metropolitan areas centered on Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Reading, Pennsylvania; Camden, New Jersey and Wilmington, Delaware. It is roughly the Philadelphia–Reading–Camden–Wilmington, Pennsylvania–New Jersey–Delaware–Maryland (PA-NJ-DE-MD) Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 Counties making up the Delaware Valley
- 2 Principal cities
- 3 Character
- 4 Colonial history
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Colleges and universities
- 7 Culture
- 8 Area Codes
- 9 Lexicon note
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Delaware Valley as discussed here is composed of several counties in Eastern Pennsylvania and Western New Jersey, one county in northern Delaware and one county in northeastern Maryland. The area has a population of over 6.1 million (as of the 2010 Census Bureau count). Philadelphia, being the region's major commercial, cultural, and industrial center, maintains a rather large sphere of influence that affects the counties that immediately surround it. The majority of the region's populace resides in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.
As of March 2011, the Philadelphia–Reading–Camden–Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD[need quotation to verify] Metropolitan Statistical Area is the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and is located towards the southern end of the Northeast megalopolis extending from Boston to Washington, D.C.
Based on commuter flows, the OMB also defines a wider labor market region that adds Berks County, Pennsylvania to the Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington CSA bringing the total metropolitan population to 6.53 million.
Such educational institutions as Delaware Valley Regional High School in Alexandria Township and Delaware Valley College in Doylestown Township are such examples of regional naming. Likewise, Frenchtown's now defunct newspaper The Delaware Valley News is another example of the usage.
Counties making up the Delaware Valley
- Atlantic County (Atlantic City-Hammonton Metropolitan Area, in the CSA not in the MSA )
- Burlington County
- Camden County
- Cape May County (Ocean City Metropolitan Area, in the CSA not in the MSA )
- Cumberland County (Vineland Metropolitan Area, in the CSA not in the MSA )
- Gloucester County
- Salem County
Mercer County, New Jersey, while part of the New York Metropolitan Area, has traditionally also been affiliated with the Delaware Valley. Mercer County, located on the northern fringe of the Delaware Valley MSA, is home to both New York and Philadelphia commuters. In recent years,[when?] however, growing numbers of New York commuters have migrated into Mercer. The two main towns in Mercer County are Princeton, located in the northern part of the county, and Trenton, located in the southern part of the county. Train and highway trips to Philadelphia are generally less than an hour from downtown Trenton, while trips to midtown Manhattan generally take over an hour by either highway or rail. Princeton identifies with New York because it is home to many New York commuters who began migrating into the area after World War II. Furthermore, the commute time from Princeton to New York by train is different than the commute time from Princeton to Philadelphia. Mercer County is also its own metropolitan region, called the Trenton-Ewing MSA.
- Berks County (Reading metropolitan area, in the CSA, not the MSA )
- Bucks County
- Chester County
- Delaware County
- Montgomery County
- Philadelphia County
The following metropolitan areas (MSAs) are included in the Combined Statistical Area (CSA). The principal cities in each MSA are as follows:
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
Reading Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
Dover, Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
Ocean City, New Jersey Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
The Delaware Valley is home to extensive populations of German Americans, Irish Americans, Ukrainian Americans, Italian Americans, Polish Americans, African Americans (over 40% of Philadelphia's residents are black), Asians such as Chinese, Indian, Korean and Vietnamese, Armenians, Arabs and Turks, Indians and Pakistanis, Israelis (while American Jews form a significant ethno-religious community), Hispanics. Within the Hispanic population, the vast majority are Puerto Ricans, though other groups include Dominicans and Mexicans. There is a significant West Indian community. There is even a small Native American community known as Lenapehoking for Lenni-Lenape Indians of West Philadelphia. Along with their immigrant counterparts, the area sees revived internal migration. Once sending more people out then receiving, the Delaware Valley has now[when?] turned that around. This is most notable of the city of Philadelphia, which demonstrated an increase in population in the 2010 census. Most of the core suburban counties gained the bulk of their populations in the last few[which?] decades.
King of Prussia, Pennsylvania's and Cherry Hill, New Jersey's are two of the largest suburban shopping malls, each having at least 5,000,000 square feet (460,000 m2) of office space, and at least 600,000 square feet (56,000 m2) of retail. Philadelphia's suburbs contain a high concentration of malls, including the King of Prussia Mall, the largest on the East Coast, and the Cherry Hill Mall in Cherry Hill Township, New Jersey, the first enclosed mall on the East Coast. Malls, office complexes, strip shopping plazas, expressways, and tract housing are common sights, and more and more continue to replace rolling countryside, farms, woods, and wetlands. However, due to strong opposition by residents and political officials, many acres of land have been preserved throughout the Delaware Valley. Sprawling forests and farms can still be found throughout the region, providing a haven for pristine nature seekers. Older small towns and large boroughs such as Norristown, Jenkintown, Upper Darby and West Chester retain distinct community identities while engulfed in suburbia. The fastest-growing counties[when?] are Chester, Montgomery, Bucks, and Gloucester. Upper Darby, in Delaware County is the largest township in the United States. Sometimes Reading is included in the Delaware Valley Metro Area.
The region also has a large and growing ethnic population, thanks to job growth and citation needed] such as New York City (90 miles or a 1.5 hour trip away) and Washington D.C (140 miles and about a 2.5 hour trip away).[
The valley was the territory of the Susquehannock and Lenape, who are recalled in place names throughout the region. The region became part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland after the exploration of Delaware Bay in 1609. The Dutch called the Delaware River the Zuyd Rivier, or South River, and considered the lands along it banks and those of its bay to be the southern flank of its province of New Netherland. In 1638, it began to be settled by Swedes, Finns, Dutch, and Walloons and became the colony of New Sweden, though this was not officially recognized by the Dutch Empire who re-asserted control in 1655. The area was taken by the English in 1664. The name Delaware comes from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, who had arrived at Jamestown, Virginia in 1610, just as original settlers were about to abandon it, and thus maintaining the English foothold on the North American continent.
Many residents commute to jobs in Philadelphia, Camden, and Wilmington with the help of expressways and trains. Commutes from one suburb to another are also common, as office parks have sprung up in new commercial centers such as King of Prussia, Fort Washington, Cherry Hill, and Plymouth Meeting.
- SEPTA Regional Rail
- Airport Line connecting Central Philadelphia with Philadelphia International Airport in Philadelphia and Delaware Counties.
- Wilmington/Newark Line connecting the Wilmington, DE area (with limited weekday service to Newark, DE), via Chester City and Delaware County.
- Warminster Line serving southeastern Montgomery County.
- West Trenton Line connecting Central Philadelphia northern to the Trenton, NJ area, serving Bucks County, PA between Jenkintown, PA and Yardley, PA, with the final stop in Ewing, NJ.
- Media/Elwyn Line connecting Philadelphia to central Delaware County.
- Paoli/Thorndale Line connecting Philadelphia with the affluent Main Line area and western Chester County near Coatesville.
- Lansdale/Doylestown Line connecting Philadelphia with Lansdale in central Montgomery County and Doylestown in Bucks County.
- Manayunk/Norristown Line connecting Philadelphia with Conshohocken and Norristown in Montgomery County.
- Cynwyd Line connecting Philadelphia with Bala Cynwyd on the Philadelphia/Montgomery County line (limited weekday service)
- Trenton Line connecting Philadelphia to Trenton, NJ, serving Bucks County.
- Fox Chase Line connecting Central Philadelphia with the Fox Chase area in Philadelphia.
- Chestnut Hill East Line and Chestnut Hill West Line connecting Central Philadelphia with the Chestnut Hill area of the city.
- New Jersey Transit
- PATCO Speedline connecting Philadelphia to Lindenwold, NJ in Camden County with connections to NJT's Atlantic City Line.
- I-76 (Schuylkill Expressway)
- I-78 / US 22
- I-76 / I-276 / Penna. Tpk.
- I-476 (Blue Route)
- I-476 / Penna. Tpk. NE Ext.
- I-676 / US 30 (Vine Street Expressway)
- US 1 (Roosevelt Boulevard)
- US 13
- US 30
- US 202
- US 222
- US 322
- US 422
- PA 12 (Warren Street Bypass)
- PA 63 (Woodhaven Road)
- PA 100
- PA 309 (Fort Washington Expressway)
- PA 611
- NJ Tpk.
- G.S. Pkwy.
- AC Exwy.
- I-676 (North-South Freeway)
- US 9
- US 30
- US 40
- US 130
- US 206
- US 322
- Route 42 (North-South Freeway)
- Route 55
- Route 70
- Route 73
- Route 90
Delaware River Bridges
- Delaware River – Turnpike Toll Bridge
- Burlington–Bristol Bridge
- Tacony–Palmyra Bridge
- Betsy Ross Bridge
- Ben Franklin Bridge
- Walt Whitman Bridge
- Commodore Barry Bridge
- Delaware Memorial Bridge
- Philadelphia International Airport (PHL)
- Northeast Philadelphia Airport (PNE)
- New Castle Airport (ILG)
- Reading Regional Airport (RDG)
- Atlantic City International Airport (ACY)
Colleges and universities
- Delaware College of Art and Design
- Delaware State University
- Goldey-Beacom College
- University of Delaware
- Wesley College
- Widener University School of Law
- Wilmington University
- Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
- Rowan University
- Rutgers School of Law - Camden
- Rutgers University (Camden)
- University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (Branch campuses in South Jersey)
- Albright College
- Alvernia University
- Arcadia University
- Bryn Mawr College
- Cabrini College
- Cairn University
- Chestnut Hill College
- Cheyney University
- Curtis Institute of Music
- Delaware Valley College
- DeVry University
- Drexel University
- Eastern University
- Gwynedd-Mercy College
- Harcum College
- Haverford College
- Holy Family University
- Immaculata University
- Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
- La Salle University
- Lincoln University
- Manor College
- Moore College of Art and Design
- Neumann University
- Peirce College
- Penn State Abington
- Penn State Berks
- Penn State Brandywine
- Penn State Great Valley
- Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
- Philadelphia University
- Rosemont College
- Saint Joseph's University
- Swarthmore College
- Temple University
- Thomas Jefferson University
- University of Pennsylvania
- University of the Arts (Philadelphia)
- University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
- Ursinus College
- Valley Forge Christian College
- Valley Forge Military Academy and College
- Villanova University
- West Chester University
- Westminster Theological Seminary
- Widener University
Listing of the professional sports teams in the Delaware Valley
- National Basketball Association (NBA)
- Major League Baseball (MLB)
- Minor League Baseball (MiLB)
- National Football League (NFL)
- National Hockey League (NHL)
- Major League Soccer (MLS)
- Arena Football (AFL)
- NBA Developmental League (D-League)
The two main newspapers are The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News, owned by the Philadelphia Media Network. Local television channels include KYW-TV 3 (CBS), WPVI 6 (ABC), WCAU 10 (NBC), WHYY-TV 12 (PBS), WPHL-TV 17 (MyNetworkTV), WTXF 29 (FOX), WPSG 57 (CW), and WPPX 61 (Ion). Radio stations serving the area include: WRTI, WIOQ, WDAS (AM), and WIP (AM).
- 215: The city of Philadelphia and its immediately surrounding areas in the southeast corner of Pennsylvania directly to its north
- 267: An overlay of 215
- 610: Southeastern Pennsylvania outside Philadelphia, including the Lehigh Valley, but excluding all but northernmost Bucks County and the eastern half of Montgomery County
- 484: An overlay of 610
- 856: Camden, Cherry Hill, Glassboro, Vineland, Salem
- 609: Trenton, Atlantic City
- 410: Cecil County, Maryland
- 302: Delaware
Some believe that the term "Delaware Valley" is not entirely a synonym for "Greater Philadelphia". "Greater Philadelphia" implies that the region is centered on the city in an economic and cultural context, while "Delaware Valley" is a more generic geographic term that does not imply that any part is of more consequence than any other. Several organizations, such as KYW Radio and the Greater Philadelphia Tourism Marketing Corporation, consciously use the term "Greater Philadelphia" to assert that Philadelphia is the center of the region, referring to the less urbanized areas as "Philadelphia's countryside". Others note that the customary media usage of the term omits the majority of the length of the Delaware River's valley that is not in metropolitan Philadelphia.
WPVI-TV uses the slogan, "The Delaware Valley's leading news program" for their Action News broadcast, since that program has led the ratings for news programs in the Philadelphia market for over 30 years.
The neighboring Lehigh Valley is considered to be an outlying area of the Greater Delaware Valley region, as it is part of the same media market. If included, it would increase the size of the Delaware Valley by approximately 821,623 people.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 22, 2009.[dead link]
- Thomas, G. Scott (2011-03-07). "Houston 5th in metro population rankings, study shows".
- Metro area populations (as of March 7, 2011), Business First, March 22, 2011.
- Annual Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Estimates
- "OMB BULLETIN NO. 13-01". Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- OMB BULLETIN NO. 09-01
- Housing development boomed as postwar employment expanded in Princeton and nearby communities and as commuting to New York became more affordable and practical.
- Trenton-Ewing MSA
- "Dominicans in the Delaware Valley". Medgar Evers College. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- *Family Search.com: Map of Delaware Valley in 17th century showing forts & settlements with date of founding
- Greater Philadelphia Tourism Marketing Corporation.
- [dead link]