Philadelphia Police Department

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Philadelphia Police Department
Abbreviation PPD
Philadelphia Police Department patch.png
Patch of the Philadelphia Police Department.
PhiladelphiaBadge.jpg
Badge of the Philadelphia Police Department.
Motto Honor, Integrity, Service
Agency overview
Formed 1751
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* City of Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania, United States
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters "The Roundhouse" nickname
750 Race Street

Philadelphia, PA 19106

Police Officers 6,400 (2014) 2013-2014 hiring 150 new officers. BY FY15 to have a sworn force of 6,525

Due to high retirements in FY's 2013-2015 in the police department[1]

Agency executive Charles H. Ramsey, Commissioner
Website
Official Site
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Philadelphia Police Department (PPD) is the police agency responsible for law enforcement and investigations within the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the oldest municipal police agency in the United States, and the sixth largest non-federal law enforcement agency in the country (behind the New York City Police Department, Chicago Police Department, Los Angeles Police Department, Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, and the California Highway Patrol). Since 1828, 270 Philadelphia police officers have died in the line of duty.

Present-day Philadelphia Police Department[edit]

Philadelphia Police Department Headquarters known as "The Roundhouse"

In 2012 The Philadelphia Police Department employs 6,526 officers, and patrols an area of 369.4 km² (142.6 mi²) with a population of almost 1.5 million. The department is subdivided into 22 patrol districts, and like many other large municipal police forces, it incorporates many special units such as a K-9 squad, SWAT, community relations unit, and harbor patrol. The highest-ranking officer is Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey, a former Chicago police officer and former Chief of the D.C. Metropolitan Police.

Organization[edit]

The head of the PPD is the commissioner, who is appointed by the mayor. Under the commissioner are two three-star deputy commissioners, heading the Office of Organizational Accountability and the Office of Field Operations, respectively. As well, there is one civilian CAO of equivalent rank, in charge of the Office of Strategic Initiatives and Innovations.

The Office of Field Operations is headed by the three-star First Deputy Commissioner of Field Operations. The force comprises two regional commands, Regional Operations Command North and Regional Operations Command South, headed by one two-star deputy commissioner. Each regional command is headed by a Chief Inspector, and is further divided into three divisions (ROC-North: East, Northwest, Northeast; ROC-South: Central, Southwest, South). Each division is headed by an inspector.[2] A division encompasses three or four districts, each headed by a captain. A district is subdivided into three areas, each headed by a lieutenant.[3]

Also under the First Deputy Commissioner are the Office of Violence Prevention and Victim Services, headed by a two-star deputy commissioner and consisting of three bureaus, and the Office of Homeland Security and Major Investigations, headed by a two-star deputy commissioner and comprising six bureaus (Narcotics, Forensic Services, Special Investigations, Homeland Security and Special Operations). Each bureau is headed by a chief inspector.

In January 2013, Commissioner Ramsey announced changes to the command structure of the department lowering the number of deputy commissioners from 9 to 6. Ramsey only replaced one of the deputies who was promoted from staff inspector of the Internal Affairs Bureau to deputy commissioner of the Office of Professional Responsibility.[citation needed]

A Philadelphia Police Department police car

Mounted Unit[edit]

The beginnings of the mounted unit can be traced to the Fairmount Park Mounted Guard created in 1867. In 1889 the Philadelphia Police Mounted Patrol Unit was established. The Philadelphia Police unit survived until 1952, however, the Fairmount Park unit would be used for parades and crowd control measures. The Fairmount Park Mounted Guard became the Fairmount Park Police in 1966, but maintained the same responsibilities. In 1972, Mayor Frank Rizzo found it unnecessary for taxpayers to fund two separate police departments, and merged the Fairmount Park Police into the Philadelphia Police, creating the Park Division. The mounted unit was once again used to patrol the streets of Philadelphia. The mounted unit survived to celebrate 100 years in 1989, but was disbanded in 2004 due to budgetary cuts by Mayor John F. Street's administration.[4] On July 18, 2008, Philadelphia Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey confirmed that plans are in the works to recreate the mounted unit.[5] The Philadelphia Inquirer again reported on June 2, 2009 that Ramsey hoped to revive the unit once the city was in a better financial standing.[6] The continued recreation of the Mounted Unit took an additional step forward on October 31, 2011 when the City of Philadelphia announced plans to build a new facility for the unit in Fairmount Park.[7]

Ranks within the department[edit]

Title Insignia Uniform Shirt Color Type of Rank
Police Commissioner
4 Gold Stars.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
First Deputy Police Commissioner
3 Gold Stars.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
Deputy Police Commissioner 2-Star
2 Gold Stars.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
Deputy Police Commissioner 1-Star
1 Gold Star.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
Chief Inspector
Colonel Gold.png
White
Civil service rank
Inspector
US-O5 insignia.svg
White
Civil service rank
Staff Inspector
US-O4 insignia.svg
White
Civil service rank
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
White
Civil service rank
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
White
Civil service rank
Sergeant
NYPD Sergeant Stripes.svg
White
Civil service rank
Corporal

Detective

Corporal 2.png
Blue
Civil service rank
Police Officer
Blue
Civil service rank
Police Officer Recruit
Khaki/Tan

Description of ranks in the PPD[edit]

To be promoted in the Philadelphia Police Department, a police officer must finish his first year in the department. Then, when the next corporal or detective test is announced, they are eligible to take the test. Philadelphia PD Test for corporal and detectives is a written multiple choice test, lasting two to three hours. Also part of an officer's score is based on seniority.[8]

The ranks of corporal and detective have the same pay grade, but have different functions. Corporals are "operations room supervisors" and are responsible for overseeing a patrol district's operations room, or a special unit's operations; i.e., ensure that reports are submitted accurately and in a timely manner, etc. Only rarely do corporals work the street. A corporal must have a minimum of a year's experience as a police officer.

Sergeants command a squad of officers, making assignments to beats, assigning traffic details, helping to supervise the radio room, commanding harbor patrol boats and performing other similar tasks. When assigned to the detective force, a sergeant interviews suspects and witnesses, assigns detectives to cases and investigates clues, among other duties. Sergeants must have a minimum of two years experience as a police officer, or a year's experience as a corporal or detective.

The rank of lieutenant is the first executive supervisory rank. Lieutenants command an assigned area in a police district or a specialized unit, such as a traffic unit. If assigned as a detective, a lieutenant supervises an investigation. Lieutenants must have a minimum of one year's experience as a sergeant.

Captains either command police districts or direct the activities of a specialized unit. When assigned as a detective, a captain organizes and directs surveillance activities and police raids, prepares cases, interviews and interrogates suspects and testifies in court. Captains must have a minimum of one year's experience as a lieutenant.

Staff inspectors are usually departmental administrative officers, serving on the police Command Staff under a commissioner or deputy commissioner. They are generally assigned to inspect police divisions, districts and units, evaluate police practices, equipment and personnel, and make recommendations for improvement where necessary; however, they may also command units and divisions. Staff Inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a captain.

Inspectors are senior executive officers who typically command divisions and supervise officers under their command during any major police action, disaster or emergency. Inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a staff inspector or captain.

Chief inspectors are senior departmental administrative officers who either command bureaus within the department or who inspect police divisions, districts and units, evaluate police practices, equipment and personnel, and make recommendations for improvement where necessary. Chief inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a staff inspector or inspector.

Deputy commissioners and above are appointed by the city managing director with mayoral approval, not by the city civil service. Deputy commissioners are usually in charge of a regional command.

The two first deputy commissioners head the Office of Field Operations and the Office of Organizational Accountability.

The commissioner is appointed by the city managing director with mayoral approval, and is in charge of the entire department.[9]

Detectives in the PPD[edit]

Detectives no longer come under the Detective Bureau, but are still primarily assigned to Divisional Detective Units, and specialized units like Homicide, Organized Crime/Intelligence, and Background Investigation. The detective divisions now fall under whichever Regional Operations Command they reside in except the special units aforementioned. The commanding officer of a detective bureau reports directly to the divisional inspector who reports to the ROC who is a deputy police commissioner. Detectives are not considered supervisory personnel, they are a civil service rank of their own and take orders from a sergeant. There are also police officers who serve in an investigative capacity, such as in the Juvenile Aid and Special Victims Units. They are paid in the same pay scale as a police officer assigned to patrol.

Unlike most law enforcement agencies, the Philadelphia Police Department Detective Bureau does not maintain the ranks such as detective sergeant or detective lieutenant, etc. Also, unlike other departments such as NYPD and LAPD, Philadelphia Police detectives do not have a uniform that can be worn during details or funerals. The prescribed attire of a Philadelphia Police detective is proper business attire. In the Philadelphia Police Department, the rank of detective can only be made by a civil service exam and there are no grade differentiations. This is contrast to NYPD that has the ability to make field promotions to detective for an outstanding performance or circumstance.

Highest-ranking officials[edit]

Philadelphia police traffic officers with their patrol car

Police Marshals[edit]

  • John J. Keyser, 1850–1853
  • John K. Murphy, 1853–1855

Chiefs of Police[edit]

  • Samuel G. Ruggles, 1855–1867
  • St. Clair A. Mulholland, 1867–1872
  • Kennard Jones, 1872–1879
  • Samuel L. Given, 1879–1884
  • James Stewart, 1884–1887
  • James Lamon, 1887–1892

Superintendents of Police[edit]

  • Robert Linden, 1892–1899
  • Harry M. Quick, 1899–1904
  • John B. Taylor, 1904–1912
  • James Robinson, 1912–1920
  • William B. Mills, 1920–1931
  • Joseph E. Lestrange, 1931–1936
  • James H. Malone, 1936–1937
  • Edward Hubbs, 1937–1940
  • Howard P. Sutton, 1950–1952

Police Commissioners[edit]

  • Thomas J. Gibbons, 1952–1960
  • Albert N. Brown, 1960–1962
  • Howard Leary, 1962–1965
  • Edward J. Bell, 1966–1967
  • Frank L. Rizzo, 1967–1971 (first Italian American commissioner, later Mayor of Philadelphia)
  • Joseph F. O'Neill, 1971–1980
  • Morton B. Solomon, 1980–1984
  • Gregore J. Sambor, 1984–1985
  • Robert F. Armstrong, 1985–1986 (interim)
  • Kevin M. Tucker, 1986–1988 (First commissioner from outside the police department since the 1920s)[10]
  • Willie L. Williams, 1988–1992 (first African American commissioner, later chief of the LAPD)
  • Richard Neal, 1992–1998
  • John Timoney, 1998–2002 (currently a police consultant)
  • Sylvester Johnson, 2002–2008
  • Charles H. Ramsey 2008–present

Demographics[edit]

  • Male: 70%
  • Female: 30%
  • White: 55.6%
  • African-American/Black: 36.4%
  • Hispanic: 6.5%
  • Other: 1.5%

[11]

Bureaus[edit]

  • Special Operations
  • Patrol
  • Narcotics
  • Detective
  • Training
  • Administration
  • Staff Services
  • Internal Affairs

Districts[edit]

The following is a list of districts that the Philadelphia Police Department serves.

1st District

  • Serves: Areas of South Philadelphia
  • Station: 24th St. and Wolf St., Philadelphia, PA 19145
  • Commanded by: Captain Louis Campione

2nd District

  • Serves: Areas of Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Harbison Ave. and Levick St., Philadelphia, PA 19149
  • Commanded by: Captain Frank Palumbo

3rd District

  • Serves: Areas of Southeastern Philadelphia
  • Station: 11th St and Wharton St., Philadelphia, PA 19147
  • Commanded by: Captain Michael Ryan

5th District

  • Serves: Areas of Northwest Philadelphia
  • Station: Ridge Ave and Cinnaminson St., Philadelphia, PA 19128
  • Commanded by: Captain John Cerrone

6th District

  • Serves: Eastern Central Philadelphia
  • Station: 235 N 11th St., Philadelphia, PA 19107
  • Commanded by: Captain Brian Korn

7th District

  • Serves: Areas of Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Bustleton Ave. and Bowler St., Philadelphia, PA 19115
  • Commanded by: Captain Joseph Zaffino

8th district

  • Serves: Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Academy Rd. and Red Lion Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19154
  • Commanded by: Captain Leonard Ditchkofsky

9th District

  • Serves: Central and areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: 401 N. 21st St., Philadelphia, PA 19130
  • Commanded by: Captain Frank Banford

12th District

  • Serves: Areas of West and Southwest Philadelphia
  • Station: 65th St. and Woodland Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19142
  • Commanded by: Captain John Moroney

14th District

  • Serves: Areas of North and Northwest Philadelphia
  • Station: Haines St and Germantown Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19144
  • Commanded by: Captain John Fleming

15th District

  • Serves: Lower Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Harbison Ave and Levick St., Philadelphia, PA 19149
  • Commanded by: Captain John McCloskey

16th District

  • Serves: Areas of West Philadelphia
  • Station: 39th St and Lancaster Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19104
  • Commanded by: Captain Pasquale Agozzino

17th District

  • Serves: Southwest Central Philadelphia
  • Station: 20th St and Federal St., Philadelphia, PA 19146
  • Commanded by: Captain Martin Derbyshire

18th District

  • Serves: Areas of West Philadelphia
  • Station: 55th St and Pine St., Philadelphia, PA 19143
  • Commanded by: Captain David Bellamy

19th District

  • Serves: Areas of West Philadelphia
  • Station: 61st St and Thompson St., Philadelphia, PA 19151
  • Commanded by: Captain Joseph Bologna

22nd District

  • Serves: Areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: 17th St and Montgomery Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19121
  • Commanded by: Captain Roland Lee

24th District

  • Serves: Areas of Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: 3901 Whitaker Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19124
  • Commanded by: Captain Charles Vogt

25th District

  • Serves: Areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: 3901 Whitaker Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19124
  • Commanded by: Captain Frank Vanore

26th District

  • Serves: Areas of lower Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: E. Girard Ave and Montgomery Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19125
  • Commanded by: Captain Michael Cram

35th District

  • Serves: Areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: N Broad St and Champlost St., Philadelphia, PA 19141
  • Commanded by: Captain Joseph Fredricksdorf

39th District

  • Serves: Areas of North and Northwest Philadelphia
  • Station: 2201 W. Hunting Park Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19140
  • Commanded by: Captain Michael Craighead

Awards and honors[edit]

Decorations[edit]

See: United States law enforcement decorations#Philadelphia Police Department
  • Commendation for Valor
  • Commendation for Bravery
  • Commendation for Heroism
  • Commendation for Merit
  • Commendatory Citation
  • RNC Service Ribbon
  • Military Service Ribbon

George Fencl Award[edit]

The George Fencl Award, named in honor of Philadelphia Police Officer George Fencl, is given by the Daily News to a Philadelphia Police Officer who exemplifies compassion, fairness, and civic commitment. The award was first given in 1986.[12]

Year Rank Name District/Division
1986 Captain David Morrell 26th District, Commanding Officer
1987 Officer Wiley L. Redding 35th District, Community Relations
1988 Officer Joe Donato 19th District
1989 Captain Al Lewis 22nd District, Commanding Officer
1990 Lieutenant Jose Manuel Melendez East Division, Community Interaction Task Force
1991 Captain George Fenzil Traffic Unit, Commanding Officer
1992 Lieutenant Stephen Johnson Police Conflict-Prevention and Resolution Unit, Commanding Officer
1993 Officer Edwin "Bo" Diaz 26th District, Community Relations
1994 Captain Arthur Durrant 26th District, Commanding Officer
1995 Officer James Perkins 2nd District
1996 Officer Joseph Dembeck 14th District
1997 Officer Brenda Robinson-Stowe 16th District, Mounted Officer
1998 Captain William Colarulo 25th District, Commanding Officer
1999 Officer Bernard Turner 22nd District
2000 Chief Inspector Dexter Green Special Operations Unit, Commanding Officer
2001 Deputy Commissioner Sylvester Johnson Patrol, Narcotics, Detectives, and Special Operations, Commanding Officer
2002 Captain William Fisher Civil Affairs Unit, Commanding Officer
2003 Officer Ruth McNatte 16th District, Community Relations
2004 Chief Inspector James Tiano Community Affairs Bureau, Commanding Officer
2005 Officer Darlene Chapman-Cummings Anti-Drug Program: DARE
2006 Officer AnnaMae Law 26th District
2007 Sergeant Kimberly Byrd Chief of Staff
2008 Captain Kevin Bethel 17th District, Commanding Officer
2009 Officer Adrian Hospedale 12th District
2010 Officer Richard "Butch" Riddick 12th District

Misconduct[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

  • The Philadelphia Police Department is featured in the 1978 zombie film Dawn of the Dead in which the PPD S.W.A.T. team clears out a tenement building which was harboring the undead.
  • The 1983 comedy Trading Places, Dan Aykroyd's character is detained and questioned by members of the PPD.
  • The 1985 thriller Witness features Harrison Ford's character as a detective in the PPD who is hunted by corrupt members of the department.

The 1989 action film "Renegades" features Kiefer Sutherland as an undercover PPD cop, who teams up with a character played by Lou Diamond Phillips, to retrieve a Native American spear stolen in a heist.

  • The PPD's Recruit Training Academy was featured in an episode of Da Ali G Show in which Ali G participates in several police training exercises.
  • The police/drama series Cold Case involves detectives of the Philadelphia Police Department.
  • The 1990 action/comedy Downtown featuring Anthony Edwards and Forest Whitaker.
  • The PPD is shown assisting members of the Baltimore Police Department on a 2002 episode of The Wire during the extradition and arrest of criminal Wee-Bey Brice.
  • The television series Monk mentions that Lieutenant Randy Disher served as a police sergeant for several years in the PPD.
  • The PPD is featured in the series Presidential Agent written by W. E. B. Griffin.
  • The PPD is featured in the series Badge of Honor written by W. E. B. Griffin.
  • The PPD is also featured in the 2007 film Shooter, starring Mark Wahlberg.
  • The PPD is also featured in the 2008 BBC documentary Law and Disorder in Philadelphia, presented by Louis Theroux.
  • The PPD is featured in several segments of the television series Cops during the early 1990s and 2000s.
  • A member of the PPD shoots himself to death after being overcome by suicidal madness in the 2008 environmental thriller The Happening by director M. Night Shyamalan.
  • Several of PPD Mounted and Patrol cars appear in the early Jeff Bridges film Winter Kills 1979.
  • The remake of Blow Out with John Travolta in 1981 was filmed in Philadelphia and included several members of the PPD.
  • Members of the department were depicted in the 2009 thriller film, Law Abiding Citizen.
  • The homicide unit of the PPD is featured in the crime series written by Richard Montanari.
  • The Delaware Valley Police Department (DVPD) from the 2012 TV series Beauty & the Beast is a fictionalized version of the PPD. The DVPD's commissioner is Capt. Logan Walsh (played by Hugh Laurie).
  • In the cartoon Jump Start, the father in the family is a member of the PPD.
  • In the 1967 mystery film In the Heat of the Night, protagonist Virgil Tibbs (played by Sidney Poitier) is a PPD homicide detective.
  • Mike Ehrmantraut (played by Jonathan Banks) is a former Philadelphia police officer who works as a private investigator, head of security, cleaner, hit man, and consigliere in the TV series Breaking Bad. The reasons he left the force in Philadelphia were never specified; his main lesson as a cop was to not take "half measures".
  • The PPD is featured in "The Mickey Devlin Novels" by Inspector Michael Patrick Cooney (Ret.).
  • In the mystery novel and Television series "Longmire" Deputy Victoria Moretti is said to have transferred to Absaroka County from PPD
  • Most recently, the PPD is featured in the post apocalyptic film World War Z (2013) starring Brad Pitt.
  • The PPD is featured in the documentary Let the Fire Burn, which depicts the 1985 stand-off between the PPD and the radical group MOVE.

Notable events in history[edit]

  • 1881, the Philadelphia Police Department hired its first African-American police officer.
  • 1887, the police department was put under control of the city's Department of Public Safety. Two years later, the PPD inaugurated its mounted patrol (which was disbanded in 2004).
  • 1906, the motorcycle was introduced to the Philadelphia police.
  • 1939, radio-installed patrol cars were put into use.
  • 1964, a race riot breaks out in North Philadelphia calling every police officer in the city to duty.[13]
  • 1970, a well publicized raid of the Black Panther Party occurs.[14][15][16]
  • 1979, the department reached its peak size at approximately 8,500 officers.
  • 1981, Officer Daniel Faulkner was shot while performing a traffic stop. Former Black Panther Mumia Abu-Jamal (né Wesley Cook), was convicted of Officer Faulkner's murder. The incident, subsequent trial and conviction of Jamal remains a topic of controversy in the United States and around the world.
  • 1985 bombing of a house where the group MOVE resided, resulting in a fire that destroyed almost 60 houses and killed 11 people, 5 of them children.
  • 1987, the Philadelphia Police Department arrested Gary Heidnik, serial murderer who kidnapped, tortured and raped six women and kept them prisoner in his Philadelphia, Pennsylvania basement.
  • November 13, 2001, Officer Thomas Bray died in a suspicious on-the-job scuba diving incident the day after he testified against Sergeant Shawn Dougherty at a disciplinary hearing.[17][18] Even knowing that Bray, a marine unit diver decorated for bravery, was a possible retaliation target whose diving equipment may have been sabotaged, Bray's fellow law enforcement officers delayed in responding to his calls for help while he was underwater and having trouble with his airline. The officers likewise waited before bringing him to a hospital. Bray's estate and mother, Genevieve, sued the city and federal government in federal court over Bray's death, settling for an undisclosed amount.[19][20][21]
  • 2001, Ira Samuel Einhorn, a.k.a. "The Unicorn Killer" (born May 15, 1940), is a former American activist of the 1960s and 1970s was extradited back to Philadelphia to stand trial for 1977 murder of Holly Maddux. Philadelphia Police Department investigated the Maddux homicide and charged Einhorn with first degree murder. Einhorn in 1981 fled to Europe to avoid his trial.
  • 2011, retired Philadelphia police Captain Ray Lewis participated in the Occupy Wall Street protests in New York city while wearing his police uniform. He was arrested for disobeying police orders to not block traffic and charged with civil disobedience.[22][23]
  • 2012, violent crime and assaults on policemen were both down on the previous year. Despite this, in 2012, shootings by Philadelphia police reached 52 shootings (with 15 deaths), the highest level since 2002.[24]

Officers murdered in the line of duty[edit]

1990
  • Officer Freddie Dukes (murdered by gunfire)
  • Officer Joaquin Montijo (murdered by gunfire)
  • Officer Winfred S. Hunter (murdered by gunfire)
1991
  • Officer Daniel R. Boyle (murdered by gunfire)
1992
  • Officer Charles Thomas Knox (murdered by gunfire)
1993
  • Officer Stephen Dmytryk (murdered by gunfire)
  • Officer Robert Hayes (murdered by gunfire)
1994
  • Officer Joseph Friel (murdered by car driven by intoxicated driver)
1996
  • Detective John Cousin (murdered by gunfire)
  • Officer Robert Porter (murdered by gunfire)
  • Officer Lauretha Vaird (murdered by gunfire)
2001
  • Officer Thomas Bray (drowning; see notes about his suspected murder in Misconduct section)[25]
2006
  • Officer Gary Skerski (murdered by gunfire)
2007
  • Officer Walter T. Barclay, Jr. (murdered by gunfire)
  • Officer Charles Cassidy (murdered by gunfire)
2008
  • Sergeant Stephen Liczbinski (murdered by gunfire; posthumously promoted to sergeant)
  • Officer Isabel Nazario (murdered by SUV driven by its 16-year-old thief)
  • Officer Patrick McDonald (murdered by gunfire)
  • Sergeant Timothy Simpson (murdered by car driven by suspect fleeing police)
2009
  • Officer John Pawlowski (murdered by gunfire)
2012
  • Officer Brian Lorenzo (murdered by car driven by intoxicated driver)
  • Officer Moses Walker (murdered by gunfire)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Teen mob attacks: Seeking loot and attention". Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Senior Staff | 17th Police District". 17thppd.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  3. ^ "About us | Philadelphia Police Department". Phillypolice.com. 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  4. ^ Miller, Jeffrey; Phil Bowdren (January 8, 2007). "History of the Philadelphia Police Mounted Patrol". Retrieved July 18, 2008. 
  5. ^ Hanson, Tony (July 18, 2008). "Phila. to Rebuild Its Mounted Police Unit". KYW Newsradio. Retrieved July 18, 2008. [dead link]
  6. ^ Gambardello, Joseph (June 2, 2008). "Philly police Segway patrols ready to roll". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved June 3, 2008. [dead link]
  7. ^ Clark, Vernon (October 31, 2011). "City to build $1.4 million home for police mounted unit". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved October 31, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Careers - Overview | Philadelphia Police Department". Phillypolice.com. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  9. ^ Civil service rank descriptions
  10. ^ Warner, Bob (2012-06-19). "Former police commissioner Tucker dies". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  11. ^ 2004 Philadelphia Police Annual Report[dead link]
  12. ^ Glover, Sarah J. (June 3, 2010). "Fencl Award winners over the years". Philly.com. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  13. ^ Doing No Good Time Magazine
  14. ^ ""Philly Cops: A History of Brutality in Blue", ''RWOnline.com''". Rwor.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  15. ^ Bolling, D."He's Seen It All", CityPaper.net August 22, 2002
  16. ^ "85th Birthday Celebration for Elwood P. Smith". Phillynewmedia.com. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  17. ^ Boyer, Barbara. "Police diver dies retrieving buoy in Delaware River". philly.com. Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2001-11-14. 
  18. ^ Soteropoulos, Jacqueline. "Sergeant charged in theft at Pier 34 Shawn Dougherty is accused of taking empty beer kegs from the collapse site and selling them to a distributor for $80.". philly.com. Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2002-01-17. 
  19. ^ "BRAY V. U.S. CIVIL ACTION NO. 03-5150. (E.D. PA. MAR. 14, 2005)". casetext.com. Casetext. Retrieved 2005-03-14. 
  20. ^ "Genevieve Bray et al v. USA et al". paed.uscourts.gov. US Courts. Retrieved 2005-03-14. 
  21. ^ "ODMP Remembers Thomas M. Bray". odmp.org. Officer Down Memorial Page. Retrieved 2001-11-13. 
  22. ^ Stephanie Farr (November 18, 2011). "Meanwhile, In New York City". Philly.com. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  23. ^ Chris Bowers (November 17, 2011). "Retired police captain arrested at Occupy Wall Street". Daily KOS. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  24. ^ Exclusive: Shootings by Philly police soar as violent crime plummets, by Sam Wood, Philly.com, 14 May 2012
  25. ^ "Misconduct in the Philadelphia Police Department". wikipedia.org. Wikipedia. Retrieved 2014-09-25. 

External links[edit]