Philadelphia Police Department

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Philadelphia Police Department
Abbreviation PPD
Philadelphia Police Department patch.png
Patch of the Philadelphia Police Department.
PhiladelphiaBadge.jpg
Badge of the Philadelphia Police Department.
Motto Honor, Integrity, Service
Agency overview
Formed 1751
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* City of Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania, United States
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters "The Roundhouse" nickname
750 Race Street

Philadelphia, PA 19106

Police Officers 6,400 (2014) 2013-2014 hiring 150 new officers. BY FY15 to have a sworn force of 6,525

Due to high retirements in FY's 2013-2015 in the police department[1]

Agency executive Charles H. Ramsey, Commissioner
Website
Official Site
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Philadelphia Police Department (PPD) is the police agency responsible for law enforcement and investigations within the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the oldest municipal police agency in the United States, and the sixth largest non-federal law enforcement agency in the country (behind the New York City Police Department, Chicago Police Department, Los Angeles Police Department, Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, and the California Highway Patrol). Since 1828, 270 Philadelphia police officers have died in the line of duty.

Present-day Philadelphia Police Department[edit]

Philadelphia Police Department Headquarters known as "The Roundhouse"

In 2012 The Philadelphia Police Department employs 6,526 officers, and patrols an area of 369.4 km² (142.6 mi²) with a population of almost 1.5 million. The department is subdivided into 22 patrol districts, and like many other large municipal police forces, it incorporates many special units such as a K-9 squad, SWAT, community relations unit, and harbor patrol. The highest-ranking officer is Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey, a former Chicago police officer and former Chief of the D.C. Metropolitan Police.

Organization[edit]

The head of the PPD is the commissioner, who is appointed by the city managing director with the approval of the mayor. Under the commissioner are two three-star deputy commissioners, heading the Office of Organizational Accountability and the Office of Field Operations, respectively. As well, there is one civilian CAO of equivalent rank, in charge of the Office of Strategic Initiatives and Innovations.

The Office of Field Operations is headed by the three-star First Deputy Commissioner of Field Operations. The force comprises two regional commands, Regional Operations Command North and Regional Operations Command South, headed by one two-star deputy commissioner. Each regional command is headed by a Chief Inspector, and is further divided into three divisions (ROC-North: East, Northwest, Northeast; ROC-South: Central, Southwest, South). Each division is headed by an inspector.[2] A division encompasses three or four districts, each headed by a captain. A district is subdivided into three areas, each headed by a lieutenant.[3]

Also under the First Deputy Commissioner are the Office of Violence Prevention and Victim Services, headed by a two-star deputy commissioner and consisting of three bureaus, and the Office of Homeland Security and Major Investigations, headed by a two-star deputy commissioner and comprising six bureaus (Narcotics, Forensic Services, Special Investigations, Homeland Security and Special Operations). Each bureau is headed by a chief inspector.

In January 2013, Commissioner Ramsey announced changes to the command structure of the department lowering the number of deputy commissioners from 9 to 6. Ramsey only replaced one of the deputies who was promoted from staff inspector of the Internal Affairs Bureau to deputy commissioner of the Office of Professional Responsibility.[citation needed]

A Philadelphia Police Department police car

Mounted Unit[edit]

The beginnings of the mounted unit can be traced to the Fairmount Park Mounted Guard created in 1867. In 1889 the Philadelphia Police Mounted Patrol Unit was established. The Philadelphia Police unit survived until 1952, however, the Fairmount Park unit would be used for parades and crowd control measures. The Fairmount Park Mounted Guard became the Fairmount Park Police in 1966, but maintained the same responsibilities. In 1972, Mayor Frank Rizzo found it unnecessary for taxpayers to fund two separate police departments, and merged the Fairmount Park Police into the Philadelphia Police, creating the Park Division. The mounted unit was once again used to patrol the streets of Philadelphia. The mounted unit survived to celebrate 100 years in 1989, but was disbanded in 2004 due to budgetary cuts by Mayor John F. Street's administration.[4] On July 18, 2008, Philadelphia Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey confirmed that plans are in the works to recreate the mounted unit.[5] The Philadelphia Inquirer again reported on June 2, 2009 that Ramsey hoped to revive the unit once the city was in a better financial standing.[6] The continued recreation of the Mounted Unit took an additional step forward on October 31, 2011 when the City of Philadelphia announced plans to build a new facility for the unit in Fairmount Park.[7]

Ranks within the department[edit]

Title Insignia Uniform Shirt Color Type of Rank
Police Commissioner
4 Gold Stars.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
First Deputy Police Commissioner
3 Gold Stars.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
Deputy Police Commissioner 2-Star
2 Gold Stars.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
Deputy Police Commissioner 1-Star
1 Gold Star.svg
White
Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor
Chief Inspector
Colonel Gold.png
White
Civil service rank
Inspector
US-O5 insignia.svg
White
Civil service rank
Staff Inspector
US-O4 insignia.svg
White
Civil service rank
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
White
Civil service rank
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
White
Civil service rank
Sergeant
NYPD Sergeant Stripes.svg
White
Civil service rank
Corporal

Detective

Corporal 2.png
Blue
Civil service rank
Police Officer
Blue
Civil service rank
Police Officer Recruit
Khaki/Tan

Description of ranks in the PPD[edit]

To be promoted in the Philadelphia Police Department, a police officer must finish his first year in the department. Then, when the next corporal or detective test is announced, they are eligible to take the test. Philadelphia PD Test for corporal and detectives is a written multiple choice test, lasting two to three hours. Also part of an officer's score is based on seniority.[8]

The ranks of corporal and detective have the same pay grade, but have different functions. Corporals are "operations room supervisors" and are responsible for overseeing a patrol district's operations room, or a special unit's operations; i.e., ensure that reports are submitted accurately and in a timely manner, etc. Only rarely do corporals work the street. A corporal must have a minimum of a year's experience as a police officer.

Sergeants command a squad of officers, making assignments to beats, assigning traffic details, helping to supervise the radio room, commanding harbor patrol boats and performing other similar tasks. When assigned to the detective force, a sergeant interviews suspects and witnesses, assigns detectives to cases and investigates clues, among other duties. Sergeants must have a minimum of two years experience as a police officer, or a year's experience as a corporal or detective.

The rank of lieutenant is the first executive supervisory rank. Lieutenants command an assigned area in a police district or a specialized unit, such as a traffic unit. If assigned as a detective, a lieutenant supervises an investigation. Lieutenants must have a minimum of one year's experience as a sergeant.

Captains either command police districts or direct the activities of a specialized unit. When assigned as a detective, a captain organizes and directs surveillance activities and police raids, prepares cases, interviews and interrogates suspects and testifies in court. Captains must have a minimum of one year's experience as a lieutenant.

Staff inspectors are usually departmental administrative officers, serving on the police Command Staff under a commissioner or deputy commissioner. They are generally assigned to inspect police divisions, districts and units, evaluate police practices, equipment and personnel, and make recommendations for improvement where necessary; however, they may also command units and divisions. Staff Inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a captain.

Inspectors are senior executive officers who typically command divisions and supervise officers under their command during any major police action, disaster or emergency. Inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a staff inspector or captain.

Chief inspectors are senior departmental administrative officers who either command bureaus within the department or who inspect police divisions, districts and units, evaluate police practices, equipment and personnel, and make recommendations for improvement where necessary. Chief inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a staff inspector or inspector.

Deputy commissioners and above are appointed by the city managing director with mayoral approval, not by the city civil service. Deputy commissioners are usually in charge of a regional command.

The two first deputy commissioners head the Office of Field Operations and the Office of Organizational Accountability.

The commissioner is appointed by the city managing director with mayoral approval, and is in charge of the entire department.[9]

Detectives in the PPD[edit]

Detectives no longer come under the Detective Bureau, but are still primarily assigned to Divisional Detective Units, and specialized units like Homicide, Organized Crime/Intelligence, and Background Investigation. The detective divisions now fall under whichever Regional Operations Command they reside in except the special units aforementioned. The commanding officer of a detective bureau reports directly to the divisional inspector who reports to the ROC who is a deputy police commissioner. Detectives are not considered supervisory personnel, they are a civil service rank of their own and take orders from a sergeant. There are also police officers who serve in an investigative capacity, such as in the Juvenile Aid and Special Victims Units. They are paid in the same pay scale as a police officer assigned to patrol.

Unlike most law enforcement agencies, the Philadelphia Police Department Detective Bureau does not maintain the ranks such as detective sergeant or detective lieutenant, etc. Also, unlike other departments such as NYPD and LAPD, Philadelphia Police detectives do not have a uniform that can be worn during details or funerals. The prescribed attire of a Philadelphia Police detective is proper business attire. In the Philadelphia Police Department, the rank of detective can only be made by a civil service exam and there are no grade differentiations. This is contrast to NYPD that has the ability to make field promotions to detective for an outstanding performance or circumstance.

Highest-ranking officials[edit]

Philadelphia police traffic officers with their patrol car

Police Marshals[edit]

  • John J. Keyser, 1850–1853
  • John K. Murphy, 1853–1855

Chiefs of Police[edit]

  • Samuel G. Ruggles, 1855–1867
  • St. Clair A. Mulholland, 1867–1872
  • Kennard Jones, 1872–1879
  • Samuel L. Given, 1879–1884
  • James Stewart, 1884–1887
  • James Lamon, 1887–1892

Superintendents of Police[edit]

  • Robert Linden, 1892–1899
  • Harry M. Quick, 1899–1904
  • John B. Taylor, 1904–1912
  • James Robinson, 1912–1920
  • William B. Mills, 1920–1931
  • Joseph E. Lestrange, 1931–1936
  • James H. Malone, 1936–1937
  • Edward Hubbs, 1937–1940
  • Howard P. Sutton, 1950–1952

Police Commissioners[edit]

  • Thomas J. Gibbons, 1952–1960
  • Albert N. Brown, 1960–1962
  • Howard Leary, 1962–1965
  • Edward J. Bell, 1966–1967
  • Frank L. Rizzo, 1967–1971 (first Italian American commissioner, later Mayor of Philadelphia)
  • Joseph F. O'Neill, 1971–1980
  • Morton B. Solomon, 1980–1984
  • Gregore J. Sambor, 1984–1985
  • Robert F. Armstrong, 1985–1986 (interim)
  • Kevin M. Tucker, 1986–1988 (First commissioner from outside the police department since the 1920s)[10]
  • Willie L. Williams, 1988–1992 (first African American commissioner, later chief of the LAPD)
  • Richard Neal, 1992–1998
  • John Timoney, 1998–2002 (currently a police consultant)
  • Sylvester Johnson, 2002–2008
  • Charles H. Ramsey 2008–present

Demographics[edit]

  • Male: 70%
  • Female: 30%
  • White: 55.6%
  • African-American/Black: 36.4%
  • Hispanic: 6.5%
  • Other: 1.5%

[11]

Bureaus[edit]

  • Special Operations
  • Patrol
  • Narcotics
  • Detective
  • Training
  • Administration
  • Staff Services
  • Internal Affairs

Districts[edit]

The following is a list of districts that the Philadelphia Police Department serves.

1st District

  • Serves: Areas of South Philadelphia
  • Station: 24th St. and Wolf St., Philadelphia, PA 19145
  • Commanded by: Captain Louis Campione

2nd District

  • Serves: Areas of Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Harbison Ave. and Levick St., Philadelphia, PA 19149
  • Commanded by: Captain Frank Palumbo

3rd District

  • Serves: Areas of Southeastern Philadelphia
  • Station: 11th St and Wharton St., Philadelphia, PA 19147
  • Commanded by: Captain Michael Ryan

5th District

  • Serves: Areas of Northwest Philadelphia
  • Station: Ridge Ave and Cinnaminson St., Philadelphia, PA 19128
  • Commanded by: Captain John Cerrone

6th District

  • Serves: Eastern Central Philadelphia
  • Station: 235 N 11th St., Philadelphia, PA 19107
  • Commanded by: Captain Brian Korn

7th District

  • Serves: Areas of Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Bustleton Ave. and Bowler St., Philadelphia, PA 19115
  • Commanded by: Captain Joseph Zaffino

8th district

  • Serves: Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Academy Rd. and Red Lion Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19154
  • Commanded by: Captain Leonard Ditchkofsky

9th District

  • Serves: Central and areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: 401 N. 21st St., Philadelphia, PA 19130
  • Commanded by: Captain Frank Banford

12th District

  • Serves: Areas of West and Southwest Philadelphia
  • Station: 65th St. and Woodland Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19142
  • Commanded by: Captain John Moroney

14th District

  • Serves: Areas of North and Northwest Philadelphia
  • Station: Haines St and Germantown Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19144
  • Commanded by: Captain John Fleming

15th District

  • Serves: Lower Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: Harbison Ave and Levick St., Philadelphia, PA 19149
  • Commanded by: Captain John McCloskey

16th District

  • Serves: Areas of West Philadelphia
  • Station: 39th St and Lancaster Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19104
  • Commanded by: Captain Pasquale Agozzino

17th District

  • Serves: Southwest Central Philadelphia
  • Station: 20th St and Federal St., Philadelphia, PA 19146
  • Commanded by: Captain Martin Derbyshire

18th District

  • Serves: Areas of West Philadelphia
  • Station: 55th St and Pine St., Philadelphia, PA 19143
  • Commanded by: Captain David Bellamy

19th District

  • Serves: Areas of West Philadelphia
  • Station: 61st St and Thompson St., Philadelphia, PA 19151
  • Commanded by: Captain Joseph Bologna

22nd District

  • Serves: Areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: 17th St and Montgomery Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19121
  • Commanded by: Captain Roland Lee

24th District

  • Serves: Areas of Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: 3901 Whitaker Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19124
  • Commanded by: Captain Charles Vogt

25th District

  • Serves: Areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: 3901 Whitaker Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19124
  • Commanded by: Captain Frank Vanore

26th District

  • Serves: Areas of lower Northeast Philadelphia
  • Station: E. Girard Ave and Montgomery Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19125
  • Commanded by: Captain Michael Cram

35th District

  • Serves: Areas of North Philadelphia
  • Station: N Broad St and Champlost St., Philadelphia, PA 19141
  • Commanded by: Captain Joseph Fredricksdorf

39th District

  • Serves: Areas of North and Northwest Philadelphia
  • Station: 2201 W. Hunting Park Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19140
  • Commanded by: Captain Michael Craighead

Awards and honors[edit]

Decorations[edit]

See: United States law enforcement decorations#Philadelphia Police Department
  • Commendation for Valor
  • Commendation for Bravery
  • Commendation for Heroism
  • Commendation for Merit
  • Commendatory Citation
  • RNC Service Ribbon
  • Military Service Ribbon

George Fencl Award[edit]

The George Fencl Award, named in honor of Philadelphia Police Officer George Fencl, is given by the Daily News to a Philadelphia Police Officer who exemplifies compassion, fairness, and civic commitment. The award was first given in 1986.[12]

Year Rank Name District/Division
1986 Captain David Morrell 26th District, Commanding Officer
1987 Officer Wiley L. Redding 35th District, Community Relations
1988 Officer Joe Donato 19th District
1989 Captain Al Lewis 22nd District, Commanding Officer
1990 Lieutenant Jose Manuel Melendez East Division, Community Interaction Task Force
1991 Captain George Fenzil Traffic Unit, Commanding Officer
1992 Lieutenant Stephen Johnson Police Conflict-Prevention and Resolution Unit, Commanding Officer
1993 Officer Edwin "Bo" Diaz 26th District, Community Relations
1994 Captain Arthur Durrant 26th District, Commanding Officer
1995 Officer James Perkins 2nd District
1996 Officer Joseph Dembeck 14th District
1997 Officer Brenda Robinson-Stowe 16th District, Mounted Officer
1998 Captain William Colarulo 25th District, Commanding Officer
1999 Officer Bernard Turner 22nd District
2000 Chief Inspector Dexter Green Special Operations Unit, Commanding Officer
2001 Deputy Commissioner Sylvester Johnson Patrol, Narcotics, Detectives, and Special Operations, Commanding Officer
2002 Captain William Fisher Civil Affairs Unit, Commanding Officer
2003 Officer Ruth McNatte 16th District, Community Relations
2004 Chief Inspector James Tiano Community Affairs Bureau, Commanding Officer
2005 Officer Darlene Chapman-Cummings Anti-Drug Program: DARE
2006 Officer AnnaMae Law 26th District
2007 Sergeant Kimberly Byrd Chief of Staff
2008 Captain Kevin Bethel 17th District, Commanding Officer
2009 Officer Adrian Hospedale 12th District
2010 Officer Richard "Butch" Riddick 12th District

Misconduct[edit]

The history of the Philadelphia Police Department has included multiple cases of documented misconduct by police officers.

In 1967, Police Commissioner Frank Rizzo came under fire for his handling of the 1967 Philadelphia Student Demonstrations.[citation needed]

The 1974 Pennsylvania Crime Commission's "Report On Police Corruption And The Quality Of Law Enforcement In Philadelphia" concluded "The commission found that police corruption in Philadelphia is ongoing, widespread, systematic, and occurring at all levels of the police department. Corrupt practices were uncovered during the investigation in every police district and involved police officers ranging in rank from policeman to inspector. Specific acts of corruption involving improper cash payments to the police by gamblers, racketeers, bar owners, businessmen, nightclub owners, after-hours club owners, prostitutes, and others are detailed in the report. More than 400 individual police officers are identified by first name, last initial, and badge or payroll number as receiving improper payments in terms of cash, merchandise, sexual services, or meals." [13]

in 1979, Philadelphia became the first American city in history to have its top officials, including its mayor, sued by the federal government for aiding police brutality.[14]

In 1985, the Philadelphia Police dropped a mixture of civilian and military explosives on a "home-made" wooden bunker, built on the roof of the Osage Avenue house occupied by members of the MOVE organization. The bomb ignited several barrels of gasoline, starting a fire which destroyed the entire block, leaving 250 people homeless, and killing eleven people.

In the early 1990s, a corruption scandal centered around officers in the department's 39th district in North Philadelphia led to the prosecutions of six officers, and attracted nationwide attention.[citation needed]

In 1995, Officer John Baird was convicted in federal court of robbing and framing black people. He was originally sentenced to 13 years in prison, but subsequently re-sentenced and released after serving just four-and-a-half years.[15]

On December 30, 1996, Officer Allen Wilson pleaded guilty to stealing more than $46,000 while on duty.[16]

On February 7, 1998, Sergeant Gregory Hauck was suspended without pay for referring to Commissioner Richard Neal with a racial slur in front of eight subordinates.[17]

In 1998, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch issued separate reports blasting brutality and corruption amongst Philadelphia police officers.[14]

In 2001, Officer Thomas Bray died in a mysterious on-the-job scuba diving incident the day after he testified against Sergeant Shawn Dougherty at a disciplinary hearing. Even knowing that Bray, a marine unit diver decorated for bravery, was a possible retaliation target whose diving equipment may have been sabotaged, Bray's fellow law enforcement officers delayed in responding to his calls for help while he was underwater and entangled in his scuba gear. Said officers likewise waited before bringing him to a hospital. Bray's mother sued the city and federal government in federal court, settling for an undisclosed amount.[18][19][20][21][22]

In March, 2001, whistleblower Officer John Leca lost a federal lawsuit against the Philadelphia Police Department that alleged he was retaliated against for exposing police crimes and other wrongdoing.[23] Leca has a YouTube channel on which he has uploaded videos of television news clips about police misconduct.[24]

In 2002, Captain Joseph J. DiLacqua was arrested for covering up the drunk-driving accident of another policeman.[25][26]

On January 17, 2002, Captain James Brady was charged with several counts involving the coverup of his 1998 traffic accident that occurred after a night of drinking.[25]

In December, 2003, independent prosecutor Ellen Green-Ceissler released her study of the Philadelphia Police Department's disciplinary system. Her de facto findings were that for the extremely rare times that the department's internal affairs division sustained complaints, usually little if any meaningful discipline was administered.[27][28][29]

In 2003, Officer Kenneth Fleming was sued by Minister Jorge Granados for alleged brutality. The city paid Granados $750,000 to settle his lawsuit against Fleming, who has also been accused of violently assaulting several other people in unrelated incidents. As of 2013, Fleming is still a Philadelphia policeman.[30]

In 2003, Dateline NBC reported that the Philadelphia Police Department covered up some civilian crimes in order to improve the city's official crime rate statistics.[31]

In June 2006, Chief Inspector Evelyn Heath was fired for alleged wrongdoing.[32]

In February 2007, Officers Nicholas and Jane DiPasquale filed a sexual harassment lawsuit against the city and four of its officers.[33]

On November 15, 2007, Officer Colleen Brubaker was sentenced to prison for stealing drugs that had been confiscated in 33 cases.[34]

In May, 2008, about 12 Philadelphia police officers were videotaped beating three compliant men during a traffic stop. The video has since gone viral.[35][36][37] The three men were arrested but subsequently acquitted by a jury.[38]

In May 2008, three white police officers were awarded $10 million by a jury in their lawsuit against the City of Philadelphia. The suit contended they suffered retaliation because they opposed discrimination against African American officers. The nine-member jury awarded $2 million to Raymond Carnation, $3 million to William McKenna, and $5 million to Michael McKenna after deliberating just three hours.[39]

In June 2008, Deputy Commissioner William Blackburn allegedly began to sexually harass a female police officer.[40] In 2013, the city of Philadelphia paid Blackburn's alleged victim, Debra Frazier, $45,000 to settle her lawsuit against him.[41]

On August 9, 2008, Officer Thomas Schaffling was involved in an incident of alleged brutality against a civilian, who received $231,000 to settle his lawsuit against him. Schaffling had 32 use-of-force incidents in just two years and is the recipient of 14 formal complaints plus several informal ones. Schaffling was also successfully sued over other incidents of alleged brutality.[42]

In 2009, Officer Richard Cujdik was accused of corruption in a series of Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper articles. Cujdik's brother, Jeffrey, was also so accused.[43]

In 2009, Philadelphia police officer Frank Tepper shot and killed a neighbor in an incident not related to the police department. In 2011, he was found guilty of first-degree murder. State law requires a sentence of life.[44]

In 2009, Officer Alberto Lopez was caught on video assaulting and falsely arresting Agnes Lawless in a convenience store. The video has since garnered over 2.7 million views from its original upload, plus millions more from other uploads. Lawless sued Lopez and the city and received an out-of-court settlement.[45][46][47][48]

On February 9, 2009, Officer Jeffrey Cujdik was the subject of a Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper article about his alleged corruption. After this and similar reports were published, dozens of lawsuits were filed against Cujdik and/or his colleagues, many of which were successful.[49] In May 2014, Commissioner Charles Ramsey announced that Cujdik will be fired.[50][51]

On February 23, 2009, Officer Robert McDonnell was mentioned in a Pulitzer Prize-winning Philadelphia Daily News article. According to the article, McDonnell, Jeffrey Cujdik, and other officers allegedly participated in an illegal raid. After this and similar articles were published, dozens of lawsuits were filed against McDonnell and/or his colleagues, many of which were successful.[52][53]

In April, 2009, Officers William Thrasher, Donald Swan, and Anthony Ferriola were fired for alleged racism-related misconduct.[54]

In April, 2009, Sergeant John Safarowicz was charged with burglary, criminal trespass, and related offenses.[54] Safarowicz was convicted on June 4, 2010.[55]

In April, 2009, Sergeant Paul Seeger was charged with making terroristic threats and disorderly conduct.[54]

On June 16, 2009, Detective Rickie Durham was charged with obstruction of justice, giving advanced notice of a search, and making false statements to federal law enforcement officers.[56] Durham was subsequently convicted and sentenced to two years in prison.[57]

In July, 2009, four black teenagers claimed that they were assaulted by police officers on South Street, a gathering place for young people.[58]

On November 10, 2009, Officer Malik Snell was sentenced to 30 years in federal prison for his role in a violent attempted robbery.[59][60]

In 2009, Officer Thomas Tolstoy was one of the subjects of Pulitzer Price-winning Philadelphia Daily News (PDN) articles about a squad of allegedly corrupt narcotics officers. Twelve women suggested to PDN reporters Barbara Lake and Wendy Ruderman that Tolstoy had sexually assaulted them, although only three of the women have formally come forward. Tolstoy has also been accused of participating in the robberies of 22 storeowners. None of Tolstoy's alleged victims have ever been convicted of a crime. Tolstoy was caught on video vandalizing the surveillance cameras of one of the stores. After the PDN articles were published, dozens of lawsuits were filed against Tolstoy and/or his colleagues, many of which were successful.[61][62][63][64][65]

In November 2009, Wellington Stubbs, the chief investigator for the city's police review board, was fired in retaliation for helping to tip off the media about a police scandal, according to a federal lawsuit Stubbs later filed.[66]

In 2009, an association of black police officers filed a federal lawsuit against the Philadelphia Police Department stating that white police officers posted racist comments to the website domelights.com. The suit, joined by the NAACP and the National Association of Black Law Enforcement Officers, seeks to have the site domelights.com shut down and the police department discipline its users.[67]

In April 2010, Officer Robert Ralston, a 21-year veteran of the PPD, shot himself in the shoulder and claimed that he had been shot by one of two African Americans who he claimed had fled the scene.[68] His statements resulted in a massive manhunt including SWAT personnel. After being confronted with evidence showing that he had shot himself and being offered immunity, he confirmed that the wound was self-inflicted. As of June 2010, Ralston had been fired after being placed on paid leave following the admission.[69]

On May 17, 2010, a video was uploaded on YouTube that shows a white policeman punching a restrained, handcuffed black man in the face. The video has since gone viral, amassing over 141,000 views as of July 23, 2014.[70] On May 18, 2010, the same video was uploaded by World Star Hiphop, and has garnered over 159,000 views as of July 23, 2014.[71]

On June 19, 2010, Officer William Gress was involved in an incident with an artist which allegedly included police brutality. Gress and the city were successfully sued for that and 11 other similar incidents.[72][73][74]

On July 3, 2010, a police officer used a Taser gun on a shirtless, unarmed minor who ran onto the field during a Phillies game.[75]

On July 13, 2010, Officers Robert Snyder, Mark Williams, and James Venziale were indicted for conspiracy and related offenses involving heroin.[76] All three officers were eventually convicted. Williams was sentenced to 16 years in prison.,[77] Snyder received a 13 year prison sentence,[78] while Venziale received a mere 42 month prison sentence.[79]

On August 31, 2010, Officer Eric Burke was involved in one of several controversial encounters in which he was accused of brutality. Burke allegedly beat Fernando Echevarria in retaliation for making a video recording of Burke's activities. Echeveria was treated at Temple University Episcopal Hospital for "abrasions, facial and scalp contusions, and 1.2-inch left-earlobe laceration." Burke was successfully sued multiple times over his alleged brutality and corruption.[80]

On November 4, 2010, The American Civil Liberties Union and a private law firm filed a class action lawsuit in federal court on behalf of eight black and Latino males, stating they were stopped by police officers solely on the basis of their race or ethnicity. The suit alleges that thousands of people annually are illegally stopped, frisked, searched, and detained by the Philadelphia Police Department as part of its stop-and-frisk policy.[81]

In December 2010, Officer Tyrone Wiggins was found guilty of aggravated indecent assault, statutory sexual assault, involuntary deviate sexual intercourse, and corruption of a minor. He had met the girl through a martial arts class he taught when she was ten years old.[82] He was sentenced to between 17 1/2 to 35 in custody.[83]

In 2011, Officer Jimmy Leocal was caught on video brutally beating community activist Askia Sabur. Leocal then arrested Sabur for assault, who was acquitted after less than an hour of deliberations by a jury of his peers. Ironically, Sabur had previously publicly lambasted the police for their unnecessary brutality. Leocal is the recipient of prior brutality complaints. Sabur received $850,000 to settle his lawsuit against Leocal and the Philadelphia Police Department.[84][85][86][87][88]

In 2011, Officer Larry Shields shot and seriously wounded two homeowners in their own homes in separate, highly controversial incidents. One of the homeowners, Stephen Moore, received $2.5 million to settle his lawsuit against Shields and the city, an amount ultimately paid by taxpayers.[89][90]

In January, 2011, Officer Aleksander Shwarz was arrested for the March 4, 2010 false arrest of U-Haul manager Dominic Catalano in his store's parking lot. The incident was captured on video. Shwarz was charged with official oppression, filing a false police report, false imprisonment, obstruction of justice, unsworn falsification to authorities, simple assault, and unlawful restraint.[91] Shwarz was subsequently convicted and sentenced to one to two years in prison on June 7, 2012.[92] In 2007, Shwarz fatally shot 15-year-old Ronald Timbers in his own home. Timbers was unarmed and not threatening anyone when he was shot, according to his mother[93] In 1992, Shwarz shot and seriously wounded his unarmed minor cousin, Alexander Vetenshtein, during an argument. Vetenshtein sued Shwarz and the city over the shooting, settling for an undisclosed amount.[94][95]

On January 11, 2011, Officer William Haviland was arrested for driving under the influence and related charges.[96]

In February 2011, the FBI announced that it was investigating "widespread corruption" within the Philadelphia Police Department.[97]

On February 8, 2011, Officers John McCarron, Mark Oliveras, Joseph Burke, George Fox, Craig Coulter, and Brandon Bryan were present when one or more of the officers fatally shot the unarmed Jamil Moses. Moses' mother sued the policemen and the city.[98][99]

On February 11, 2011, as many as 12 police officers beat Kahlif Snowden and shot him with a stun gun.[100] Snowden's lawsuit against the officers and the city of Philadelphia was settled in 2013.[101]

On February 11, 2011, Officer Brien Greene was ordered to stand trial on charges involving a gun threat.[102] Green was convicted and sentenced to prison.[103]

On February 17, 2011, the Philadelphia Inquirer reported that Officer Christopher Bee and Detective John Logan were the subject of a corruption investigation by the FBI.[104]

In April, 2011, Officer Joseph McIntyre was indicted for conspiring to distribute illegal drugs.[105] McIntyre was convicted and sentenced to prison.[106]

In April, 2011, Officer George Sambuca was indicted for conspiring to distribute illegal drugs.[105]

On April 22, 2011, Officer Drexel Reid was sentenced to 30 months in federal prison for his role in a fraud conspiracy.[107]

In May 2011, Officer Ian Nance allegedly assaulted a woman and her toddler child, then falsely arrested the woman and her friend, according to a lawsuit filed in federal court. Nance had been accused of brutality in five different incidents in the prior three years.[108]

In June, 2011, Officer Howard Lomax became the 27th Philadelphia Police officer arrested in the previous two years.[109]

In June, 2011, Officers Sean Alivera and Christopher Luciano were each sentenced to 10 to 15 years in prison for robbery and related offenses.[110]

On June 30, 2011, Officer Matthew Sharkey pled guilty to a DUI crash that nearly killed a Pennsylvania state trooper. Sharkey was subsequently sentenced to three years in prison.[111][112]

On August 11, 2011, Officer Keith Corley raped a 32-year-old woman, according to prosecutors who charged him.[113]

On August 18, 2011, Officer Sean Jang was arrested for aggravated assault, unlawful restraint, simple assault, recklessly endangering another person and false imprisonment.[114]

On August 21, 2011, police officers brutally attacked a blind man, Darrell Holloway, according to witnesses.[115]

On August 29, 2011, Officer John Mouzon was arrested for assault and reckless endangerment.[116]

In September, 2011, Lt. Jonathan Josey allegedly robbed, assaulted, and falsely arrested Tony Lewis, his two teenage sons, and his 11-year-old niece. All charges against the Lewis clan were subsequently dropped and a federal lawsuit against Josey and the city is pending. Josey was involved in several other controversial incidents, including his fatal shooting in the back of a possibly unarmed man.[117][118]

In October, 2011, Officer Kenneth Crockett was convicted of stealing $825 from a bar. Crockett was one of 35 officers arrested in the prior two years.[119][120]

In October, 2011, Officer Charles Jacoby was indicted by federal authorities for fraud.[121][122] Jacoby was subsequently convicted and sentenced to house arrest.[123]

On October 18, 2011, Officer Steven Lupo committed perjury in court, according to criminal charges filed against him in 2014.[124]

On October 28, 2011, Officer Anthony Alexander was arrested for criminal conspiracy, simple assault, and recklessly endangering another person.[125]

In November, 2011, Officer John Vandevort was arrested for theft and conspiracy.[126]

In November, 2011, Officer Darryl Cathey was arrested for assault, robbery, terroristic threats, and related offenses.[126]

In 2012, Staff Inspector Jerrold Bates allegedly pressured a former aide, Keisha Johnson, into having a sexual relationship in exchange for keeping her job.[127]

On February 9, 2012, Officer Kevin Workman pled guilty to stealing $352.[128]

On February 14, 2012, the American Civil Liberties Union and a private law firm filed a lawsuit against the city of Philadelphia on behalf of Mark Fiorino, a gun rights supporter who openly carries a handgun. The suit states that the Philadelphia Police Department retaliated against Fiorino after it learned of an incriminating viral video of an incident involving he and certain policemen who confronted him about his firearm. Fiorino was subsequently cleared of all charges.[129] The City of Philadelphia paid Fiorino $25,000 to settle his lawsuit.[130]

In March 2012, Officer Keith Corley was found guilty on charges of indecent exposure and official repression related to allegedly raping a woman in his police car while he was on duty. He was acquitted on more serious charges.[131]

On April 25, 2012, Officer Rudolph Gary, Jr. pleaded guilty to third degree murder.[132]

In May 2012, Lt. Leonard Logan and Sgt. Andrew Little filed a civil rights lawsuit alleging that several high-ranking police officers retaliated against them for exposing widespread misconduct in the Firearms Identification Unit.[133]

On May 31, 2012, Officer Deborah Gore was arrested for theft.[134]

In June 2012, four white policemen were caught on video brutally beating black teenager Marcus Warryton, who had just been involved in a traffic accident. Warryton was reportedly confused and disoriented because of the collision and due to being in diabetic shock.[135][136][137][138]

In June 2012, Officer Jonathan Garcia was arrested for distributing heroin and carrying a firearm during a drug crime.[139]

On July 6, 2012, Officer Susan Bannon was arrested for theft, receiving stolen property, and obstruction of justice.[140]

On August 30, 2012, Inspector Aaron Home and Captain John McCloskey were both suspended without pay for covering up a fight between two policemen and the grandson of a retired cop.[141]

In June 2012, Lt. Ray Evers was accused of attacking a bartender in Avalon, NJ. Evers was the then-spokesperson for the Philadelphia Police Department.[142]

In September 2012, Lt. Jonathan Josey punched a woman, Aida Guzman, in the face during a Puerto Rican Day Parade at 5th and Lehigh in Kensington; he was reported saying "that's what you get" as she was lying on the ground.[143]

On September 10, 2012, Lieutenant Aisha Perry was arrested for theft of utilities. She was subsequently convicted and sentenced to six to 23 months in prison.[144][145]

On September 10, 2012, Officer George Suarez was arrested for stealing utility services from PGW, PECO, and PWD. Suarez has since been found guilty of theft of services, conspiracy, and risking a catastrophe.[146][147]

On October 1, 2012, Sergeant Chanta Herder was arrested for driving under the influence and criminal mischief.[148]

On October 31, 2012, Officers Andre Boyer and Michael Vargas falsely imprisoned and otherwise violated the civil rights of rapper Meek Mill, according to his lawsuit filed in federal court.[149]

In December 2012, six officers were reassigned amid corruption allegations. Those officers include Perry Betts, Michael Spicer, Thomas Liciardello, Brian Reynolds, Linwood Norman, and Sgt. Joseph McCloskey. A grand jury has been impaneled to probe the allegations. The city has been sued - often successfully - about 40 times over the officers' alleged misconduct, with many of the lawsuits stating that the policemen framed defendants with perjured testimony and planted evidence.[150]

On December 5, 2012, Officer April Shaynick was arrested on charges that she hit a car, left the scene, and filed a false claim with her insurance company.[151]

On December 12, 2012, Officer Robertitio Fontan was formally indicted for making false statements to federal investigators.[152] Fontan was subsequently convicted and sentenced to a year in prison.[153]

In 2013 alone, the City of Philadelphia paid about $14 million to settle civil rights lawsuits against its police officers (300 such lawsuits were filed in 2013.) The $14 million excludes the millions more paid to settle lawsuits from police-involved traffic accidents or labor and employment claims.[154]

On January 7, 2013, Detective Keith Gidelson was sentenced to four years in federal prison for operating an illegal drug ring.[155][156]

On January 16, 2013, the American Civil Liberties Union filed what it stated was the first of several civil rights lawsuits accusing Philadelphia police of wrongfully intimidating and arresting people who try to videotape them.[157]

On February 1, 2013, Officer Pharez Morris turned himself in to face charges of recklessly endangering another person, possession of an instrument of crime, and false reports to law enforcement authorities.[158]

On March 11, 2013, Officer Joseph Kelly was arrested and charged with driving under the influence and related offenses.[159]

On March 8, 2013, Officers Gary Cottrell and Cheryl Stephens were formally indicted for extortion and obstruction of justice.[160][161]

On March 15, 2013, Inspector Daniel Castro was re-sentenced to five years in prison on an earlier extortion conviction.[162]

On March 31, 2013, Officer Kevin Corcoran was involved in a controversial encounter with an Iraq war veteran. Corcoran was subsequently arrested on several counts in connection with the Easter morning incident, which was captured on video. Corcoran is the recipient of several prior citizen complaints and has been sued multiple times over his brutality and corruption.[163][164][165][166]

In April 2013, Officer Tyrirk Harris was sentenced to 20 to 40 years in prison for fatally shooting a neighbor in a dispute about dog waste. Harris was a furloughed school police officer at the time of the shooting.[167]

In May 2013, Officer Jonathan Lazarde was charged with bribery and extortion.[168] He was subsequently convicted and sentenced to house arrest.[169]

On May 22, 2013, Officer Jeffrey Walker, a 24-year veteran was arrested for ripping off drug dealers. He was allegedly caught on audio tape and on surveillance video talking to an FBI informant about schemes to set up known drug dealers in order to steal their drugs and cash. He was taken into custody leaving a home of an alleged drug dealer.[170] In October, seventy drug convictions, thought possibly tainted by Walker were dropped.[171]

Also in May 2013, Officer Richard DeCoatsworth, who had a prominent role in the National Geographic television episode Guns in America, was arrested for kidnapping, involuntary deviate sexual intercourse and other charges. He initially agreed to plead guilty to lesser crimes in order to ensure a shorter sentence, but in April 2014 changed his mind in order to defend himself at the risk of up to 23 years in jail.[172][173]

On June 4, 2013, Officers Sydemy Joanis and Jonathan Garcia were indicted by federal authorities. They were charged with conspiracy, robbery, and related offenses.[174][175]

In June 2013, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed two additional lawsuits against the Philadelphia Police Department which state that its officers retaliated against citizens who observe or record their activities.[176]

On July 3, 2013, Officer Gerald Gibson surrendered to authorities to face several charges, including theft by deception, receiving stolen property and failure to make the required disposition of property. Gibson was the then-son-in-law of Pennsylvania governor Thomas Corbett.[177]

On September 14, 2013, Sergeant Thomas Winkis was involved in a violent traffic accident that resulted in the death of beloved father David Farries. Winkis has since been ordered by a Municipal Court judge to be tried on charges stemming from the collision. The prosecution contends that Winkis was traveling at triple the speed limit - while intoxicated at double the legal blood alcohol limit - when his car struck Farries' van.[178][179][180]

On September 27, 2013, Officer Philip Nace and another policeman were caught on video making a controversial pedestrian stop of two black males. The video has since gone viral.[181][182] Nace was also memorialized in another video of an unrelated incident during which he deliberately damaged a basketball hoop and net.[183]

In October 2013, Officer Sean Cahill was arrested by the FBI for making a material false statement. He will be tried in federal court.[184][185]

On October 8, 2013, Officer Louis Fletcher was arrested and charged with theft by unlawful taking or disposition, theft by deception, receiving stolen property, tampering with records and identification and unsworn falsification to authorities.[186]

On October 20, 2013, Officer Edward Sawicki was involved in an incident in which he allegedly drove into a pedestrian and then threatened to kill the man, yelling a racial slur at him and brandishing his handgun. Sawicki has since been charged with multiple counts.[187]

On October 23, 2013, Officer Joseph Harvey was named in an unsealed indictment that charged him with deprivation of civil rights under color of law. The case was investigated by the FBI and is being prosecuted in federal court.[188]

In November 2013, Detective Ronald Dove was suspended with intent to dismiss. Investigators say that he refused to cooperate in a police investigation and lied about facts during the investigation.[189][190]

On November 6, 2013, Lt. Marques Newsome was arrested for aggravated assault and related charges.[191]

In December 2013, philly.com revealed that 134 Philadelphia police officers had been fired for misconduct in a five year period ending in October 2013. That averages out to about 27 terminated cops per year.[192]

On 3 December 2013, Rafael Cordero an officer who had served the department for 23 years was convicted of providing sensitive police information to a local drug gang.[193]

On January 7, 2014, 16-year-old Darrin Manning, a basketball player en route to a game, was allegedly assaulted by police officers.[194]

On 29 March 2014, Officer Jonathan Lazerde was sentenced to three month's house arrest and six years' probation. He had pleaded guilty to charges relating to accepting $5,000 to miss a court appearance, and so let a man go free on a gun charge.[195]

In April, 2014, 72-year-old musician Felix Wilkins filed a lawsuit stating that he was kidnapped by police officers from in front of the Reading Terminal, where he has a legal and constitutional right to perform, handcuffed without any idea about where he was going, and eventually dropped off at Love Park.[196]

On May 2, 2014, Officer June Nowell was arrested on multiple charges stemming from her involvement in a hit-and-run accident while driving under the influence.[197]

In May 2014, a federal judge ruled that Occupy Philadelphia protestors could go forward with their lawsuit accusing police of unlawful arrest, retaliation, and other civil rights violations.[198]

In June 2014, Officer Tamika Gross was arrested for endangering the welfare of a child, corruption of minors, simple assault, and recklessly endangering another person.[199]

In June 2014, former police officer Herbert Spellman filed a federal lawsuit stating that he was stopped and frisked because he is black. The lawsuit says the City of Philadelphia of “has, with deliberate indifference, failed to properly train, supervise and discipline PPD officers with respect to constitutional standards and limitations in conducting stops, frisks, searches, detentions and the use of unreasonable force under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments.”[200]

In July 2014, A police dispatcher, Dorian Parsley pleaded guilty to taking bribes from tow truck operators for providing them information.[201]

In July 2014, The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a lawsuit against the Philadelphia Police Department on behalf of a college student. The lawsuit is the ACLU's fourth that has charged Philadelphia police officers with illegally arresting citizens in retaliation for legally photographing and videotaping the officers' activities.[202]

Popular culture[edit]

  • The Philadelphia Police Department is featured in the 1978 zombie film Dawn of the Dead in which the PPD S.W.A.T. team clears out a tenement building which was harboring the undead.
  • The 1983 comedy Trading Places, Dan Aykroyd's character is detained and questioned by members of the PPD.
  • The 1985 thriller Witness features Harrison Ford's character as a detective in the PPD who is hunted by corrupt members of the department.

The 1989 action/crime film "Renegades" features Kiefer Sutherland as an undercover PPD cop, who teams up with a character played by Lou Diamond Phillips, to retrieve a Native American spear stolen in a heist.

  • The PPD's Recruit Training Academy was featured in an episode of Da Ali G Show in which Ali G participates in several police training exercises.
  • The police/drama series Cold Case involves detectives of the Philadelphia Police Department.
  • The 1990 action/comedy Downtown featuring Anthony Edwards and Forest Whitaker.
  • The PPD is shown assisting members of the Baltimore Police Department on a 2002 episode of The Wire during the extradition and arrest of criminal Wee-Bey Brice.
  • The television series Monk mentions that Lieutenant Randy Disher served as a police sergeant for several years in the PPD.
  • The PPD is featured in the series Presidential Agent written by W. E. B. Griffin.
  • The PPD is featured in the series Badge of Honor written by W. E. B. Griffin.
  • The PPD is also featured in the 2007 film Shooter, starring Mark Wahlberg.
  • The PPD is also featured in the 2008 BBC documentary Law and Disorder in Philadelphia, presented by Louis Theroux.
  • The PPD is featured in several segments of the television series Cops during the early 1990s and 2000s.
  • A member of the PPD shoots himself to death after being overcome by suicidal madness in the 2008 environmental thriller The Happening by director M. Night Shyamalan.
  • Several of PPD Mounted and Patrol cars appear in the early Jeff Bridges film Winter Kills 1979.
  • The remake of Blow Out with John Travolta in 1981 was filmed in Philadelphia and included several members of the PPD.
  • Members of the department were depicted in the 2009 thriller film, Law Abiding Citizen.
  • The homicide unit of the PPD is featured in the crime series written by Richard Montanari.
  • The Delaware Valley Police Department (DVPD) from the 2012 TV series Beauty & the Beast is a fictionalized version of the PPD. The DVPD's commissioner is Capt. Logan Walsh (played by Hugh Laurie).
  • In the cartoon Jump Start, the father in the family is a member of the PPD.
  • In the 1967 mystery film In the Heat of the Night, protagonist Virgil Tibbs (played by Sidney Poitier) is a PPD homicide detective.
  • Mike Ehrmantraut (played by Jonathan Banks) is a former Philadelphia police officer who works as a private investigator, head of security, cleaner, hit man, and consigliere in the TV series Breaking Bad. The reasons he left the force in Philadelphia were never specified; his main lesson as a cop was to not take "half measures".
  • The PPD is featured in "The Mickey Devlin Novels" by Inspector Michael Patrick Cooney (Ret.).
  • In the mystery novel and Television series "Longmire" Deputy Victoria Moretti is said to have transferred to Absaroka County from PPD
  • Most recently, the PPD is featured in the post apocalyptic film World War Z (2013) starring Brad Pitt.
  • The PPD is featured in the documentary Let the Fire Burn, which depicts the 1985 stand-off between the PPD and the radical group MOVE.

Notable events in history[edit]

  • 1881, the Philadelphia Police Department hired its first African-American police officer.
  • 1887, the police department was put under control of the city's Department of Public Safety. Two years later, the PPD inaugurated its mounted patrol (which was disbanded in 2004).
  • 1906, the motorcycle was introduced to the Philadelphia police.
  • 1939, radio-installed patrol cars were put into use.
  • 1964, a race riot breaks out in North Philadelphia calling every police officer in the city to duty.[203]
  • 1970, a well publicized raid of the Black Panther Party occurs.[204][205][206]
  • 1979, the department reached its peak size at approximately 8,500 officers.
  • 1981, Officer Daniel Faulkner was shot while performing a traffic stop. Former Black Panther Mumia Abu-Jamal (né Wesley Cook), was convicted of Officer Faulkner's murder. The incident, subsequent trial and conviction of Jamal remains a topic of controversy in the United States and around the world.
  • 1985 bombing of a house where the group MOVE resided, resulting in a fire that destroyed almost 60 houses and killed 11 people, 5 of them children.
  • 1987, the Philadelphia Police Department arrested Gary Heidnik, serial murderer who kidnapped, tortured and raped six women and kept them prisoner in his Philadelphia, Pennsylvania basement.
  • 2001, Officer Thomas Bray died in a suspicious on-the-job scuba diving incident the day after he testified against Sergeant Shawn Dougherty at a disciplinary hearing. Even knowing that Bray, a marine unit diver decorated for bravery, was a possible retaliation target whose diving equipment may have been sabotaged, Bray's fellow law enforcement officers delayed in responding to his calls for help while he was underwater and entangled in his scuba gear. Said officers likewise waited before bringing him to a hospital. Bray's mother sued the city and federal government in federal court, settling for an undisclosed amount.
  • 2001, Ira Samuel Einhorn, a.k.a. "The Unicorn Killer" (born May 15, 1940), is a former American activist of the 1960s and 1970s was extradited back to Philadelphia to stand trial for 1977 murder of Holly Maddux. Philadelphia Police Department investigated the Maddux homicide and charged Einhorn with first degree murder. Einhorn in 1981 fled to Europe to avoid his trial.
  • 2011, retired Philadelphia police Captain Ray Lewis participated in the Occupy Wall Street protests in New York city while wearing his police uniform. He was arrested for disobeying police orders to not block traffic and charged with civil disobedience.[207][208]
  • 2012, violent crime and assaults on policemen were both down on the previous year. Despite this, in 2012, shootings by Philadelphia police reached 52 shootings (with 15 deaths), the highest level since 2002.[209]

Officers killed in the line of duty[edit]

November 13, 2001

  • Officer Thomas Bray (see notes about his suspicious death in Misconduct section)
October, 2007 - February, 2009
  • Officer Charles Cassidy
  • Sergeant Stephen Liczbinski
  • Officer Isabel Nazario
  • Officer Patrick McDonald (posthumously promoted to Sergeant)
  • Sergeant Timothy Simpson
  • Officer John Pawlowski.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]