Philadelphia and Erie Railroad
|Philadelphia and Erie Railroad|
|Dates of operation||1861–1907|
|Predecessor||Sunbury and Erie Railroad|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Length||307 miles (494 km)|
The Sunbury and Erie Railroad Company was chartered by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1837, to build a rail line connecting towns between Sunbury and Erie, Pennsylvania. Due to financial problems, the company did not begin construction until the state passed enabling legislation, which including reducing tax assessments, in 1852. By December 1854, 28.5 miles (45.9 km) of track were completed between Milton (a junction with the Catawissa Railroad) and Williamsport. The line reached Sunbury in 1855, a total of 40 miles (64 km). The company continued to experience financial problems, exacerbated by the Panic of 1857. The tracks reached Lock Haven in 1859. To speed completion of the line, the Sunbury & Erie also started building towards the southeast from Erie, PA. That portion of the line reached Warren, PA, 66 miles, by 1859; little construction occurred in 1860 due to the politics leading to the American Civil War.
In 1861 the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed additional legislation to strengthen the company's financial position, and changed the company name to the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad (P&E). Other, related legislation authorized various railroad companies to lease the lines of other companies, and the PRR entered into a 999-year lease with the Philadelphia & Erie in 1862. That same year the PRR assumed control of the P&E. Labor shortages due to the Civil War further delayed construction.
The main line was completed to Erie in October 1864. The New York Times suggested that the railroad would be a major route connecting trade for petroleum among Northwest Pennsylvania and Philadelphia. The Erie Union Station opened on October 1, 1865.
The P&E opened a large coal transfer terminal at its Lake Erie terminus in 1866. In 1867 the pier at Erie was expanded to handle ore shipments from the midwest. Despite these improvements, the P&E did not thrive, as it faced strong competition from the New York Central Railroad. Over the next three decades the P&E also experienced serious setbacks due to several major floods, storms, a bridge fire, and various operational accidents.
The P&E was formally merged with the PRR in May 1907.
The P&E and its successor (PRR) operated a significant 25-track freight classification yard and repair facility at Renovo, PA from 1866 un til 1968.  From the 1920s onward, more and more work was relocated from Renovo to Altoona, but Renovo continued as a significant repair and car-building facility through WWII. After the war, employment steadily dropped from a war-time high of nearly 2,000 to under 250 by 1966.
- Poor's Manual of the Railroads of the United States 36. New York: Poor's Railroad Manual Co. 1903. p. 722.
- Netzlof, Robert T. (2002). "Corporate Genealogy: The Pennsylvania Railroad." Accessed 2011-11-02.
- Wilson, William B. (1895). History of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Philadelphia: Henry T. Coates & Co. pp. 248–261.
- "Philadelphia and Erie Railroad Finished". New York Times. 1864-07-10. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- Shafer, Jack; Solomon, Brian (2009). Pennsylvania Railroad. Voyageur Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-7603-2930-6.
- Magliaro, Max (Summer 1994). "Renovo and the P&E RR". The Keystone (The Pennsylvania RR Tech and Historical Soc.) 27 (2): 16–24.