Philautus

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Philautus
Philautus dubius.jpg
Philautus dubius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Suborder: Neobatrachia
Family: Rhacophoridae
Subfamily: Rhacophorinae
Genus: Philautus
Gistel, 1848
Species

See text

Philautus is a genus of shrub frogs in the family Rhacophoridae. Some species in this genus are now considered extinct by IUCN, while others are widespread and abundant (such as the recently described P. abundus, which was specifically named for this fact). The taxonomy of the group is unclear,though, with many poorly described species.[1]

This genus is unique in that development not direct, with all growth inside the egg and no free-swimming tadpole stage.[2] Some species have been found to bury their eggs in soil, although they are arboreal, and others attach their eggs to leaves.[3]

Revision[edit]

In early 2009, Delhi University researchers revised this genus after discovering and rediscovering species in Western Ghats forest.[4]

List of species[edit]

There are currently 50 species in this genus:[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Karthikeyan Vasudevan, M. S. Chaitra & R. K. Aggarwal (2007). "Pernicious descriptions of ‘new’ frogs from the Western Ghats, India" (PDF). Current Science 92 (3): 281–282. 
  2. ^ S. D. Biju (2003). "Reproductive mode in the shrub frog Philautus glandulosus (Jerdon, 1853) (Anura: Rhacophoridae)" (PDF). Current Science 84 (3): 283–284. 
  3. ^ M. M. Bahir, M. Meegaskumbura, K. Manamendra-Arachchi, C. J. Schneider & R. Pethiyagoda (2005). "Reproduction and terrestrial direct development in Sri Lankan shrub frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus)" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 12: 339–350. 
  4. ^ University of Delhi (February 3, 2009). "Dozen New Tree Frogs Discovered In Rapidly Vanishing Habitat In India". ScienceDaily. 
  5. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Rhacophorinae Hoffman, 1932". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Gururaja, KV and Dinesh, KP and Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C and Ramachandra, TV (2007) A new species of Philautus Gistel (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 1621:pp. 1-16. PDF
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, K.& R. Pethiyagoda. 2005 The Sri Lankan shrub-frogs of the genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae), with description of 27 new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 12:163-303 PDF
  • Meegaskumbura, M. & K. Manamendra-Arachchi. 2005. Description of eight new species of shrub-frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus) from Sri Lanka. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 12:305-338. PDF