Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna
The academy was established in 1666. The founding members chose Saint Anthony of Padua the organisation's patron saint along with the image of an organ bearing the motto Unitate melos as its coat of arms. The aim of the institution was to gather professional musicians "to form a long lasting unity dedicated to making beautiful music".
Some of the better known personalities that joined the Academy include Giovanni Paolo Colonna (one of the founders of 1666), Giacomo Antonio Perti (1688), Giuseppe Maria Jacchini (1688), Giuseppe Maria Orlandini, Antonio Maria Bernacchi (1722) and Giovanni Carestini (1726). The history of the Academy in the second half of the 18th century is marked by the admission of the great singer Carlo Farinelli (1730), of the famous composer and teacher Father Giovanni Battista Martini (1758), and of the composer Ignazio Cirri (1759), together with foreign composers such as the Belgian André Ernest Modeste Grétry, the Bohemian Josef Mysliveček, the Ukrainian Maksym Berezovsky. In 1771 the young Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart also obtained an academic certificate.
In the 19th and 20th centuries the institution was interlaced with such names as Gioacchino Rossini, Giuseppe Verdi, Arrigo Boito, Richard Wagner, Jules Massenet, Camille Saint-Saëns, Giacomo Puccini, and also with John Field, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Anton Rubinstein, Ferruccio Busoni and Ottorino Respighi.
At the beginning of 21st century the Accademia was headed by M. Fulvio Angius.