Philibert II, Duke of Savoy

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Image of Philibert made in 1701
Margaret of Austria as a widow by Bermaerd van Orley

Philibert II (10 April 1480 – 10 September 1504), surnamed the Handsome or the Good, was the Duke of Savoy from 1497 until his death.

Biography[edit]

Philibert II, duke of Savoy, 1500

Born in Pont-d'Ain, Philibert was the son of Philip (Filippo) the Landless, who until 1496 was a junior member of the ducal family, and his first wife Marguerite of Bourbon. In 1496, Philibert's father surprisingly succeeded as Duke, when his underaged grandnephew Duke Charles II of Savoy died, being the male heir of the line of Savoy.

The same year, the 16-year-old Philibert married the 9-year-old Yolande Louise of Savoy, his cousin and the only sister of the deceased young duke. She was daughter of Duke Charles I of Savoy, the Warrior, and Blanche of Montferrat, as well as granddaughter of Philibert's late uncle, Duke Amadeus IX of Savoy. She was the heir-general of her brother, father, grandfather, and her grandmother Yolande of France, the eldest surviving daughter of king Charles VII of France. Her birthright, after the death of her brother, was the succession of the kingdoms of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia although Philibert's father took those titles.

Coat of Arms of the Counts of Savoy.

After a brief reign, Philip II died in 1497 and Philibert succeeded as Duke of Savoy. The young couple then at last advanced their claims, and took the titles Queen and King of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia.

In 1499, the 12-year-old first wife of Philibert died, childless. Her heir was her first cousin, Princess Charlotte of Naples, later Countess of Laval. Philibert continued to use the titles of Cyprus etc., despite the death of his first wife.

His next marriage tied him into the web of alliances around the Habsburgs, who ruled the Netherlands, Alsace, Franche-Comté, Tyrol, Austria, etc. In 1500, he married Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, the only daughter of Maximilian I and his first wife Mary of Burgundy, the duchess of Burgundy. She had previously been married to John, Prince of Asturias, heir to the thrones of Aragon and Castile.

Early in Philibert's reign, his first cousin Charles VIII of France died in 1498. The next king, Louis XII, would invade Italy the following year and conquer most of Naples. Louis would also conquer Milan, which neighboured Savoy to the east, thus putting the Savoyards between French possessions.

Philibert died in 1504 at the age of 24. Due to having no children, he was succeeded by his young half-brother Charles III.

Family[edit]

Philibert married:

  1. Yolande Louise of Savoy (1487–1499), daughter of his first cousin, Charles I of Savoy.
  2. Margaret of Austria (1480-1530) who was Governor of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands (1507–1515, 1519–1530) and the daughter of Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy. There were no children from this marriage.

Ancestors[edit]

External links[edit]

Philibert II, Duke of Savoy
Born: 10 April 1480 Died: 10 September 1504
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Philip II
Duke of Savoy
1497–1504
Succeeded by
Charles III