Philip, Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg

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A medal of Hans Daucher portraying Philipp von Pfalz-Neuburg in 1527.

Philip the Contentious (German: Philipp der Streitbare) (12 November 1503, Heidelberg – 4 July 1548, Heidelberg), a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty, was a titular Count Palatine of the Rhine and ruling Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1505 to 1541.

Life[edit]

Philip was the youngest son of Ruprecht, Count Palatine of the Rhine and his wife Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut, daughter of George, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut.

Conflicting with imperial law and the inheritance treaty with the dukes of Bavaria-Munich, Duke George had attempted to pass his lands of Bavaria-Landshut to his daughter Elisabeth. This led to the Landshut War of Succession in 1503, in which the forces of Elisabeth and her husband Rupert were defeated. Elisabeth and Rupert died in quick succession in the fall of 1504. In the Arbitration of Cologne in 1505, Emperor Maximilian I awarded as compensation for the territorial losses, a small state known as Palatinate-Neuburg (from the territories of Lower Bavaria) to the two sons of Elisabeth. Philip ruled this territory along with his older brother Duke Otto Henry.

In 1529, he successfully fought the Turks during the Siege of Vienna at the head of two regiments and was made a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece two years later.

On 8 December 1539, Philip visited the court of King Henry VIII of England with the hope of obtaining the hand of the King's daughter, Lady Mary Tudor. This potential match was part of King Henry's plans of an alliance with the Protestant German Princes against the Emperor. For all his intents and purposes Philip does seem to have been genuinely drawn to Lady Mary for herself. They met on 17 December in Hertford Castle where he presented her with a gift and kissed her. Such familiarity gave rise to the belief that the two would wed and the majority of the English court expected a wedding within the coming months. However, King Henry did not allow this match to succeed due to the fact that the Duke was related to queen consort Anne of Cleves (his fourth wife).[citation needed] Surprisingly, given their differing religious views, Lady Mary showed affection towards the Duke, as she kissed him out of court. The duke was later sent back to his land.[1] The plan did not come to fruition. Philip however was not deterred and he visited England three more times, but only once more did he get to see Lady Mary.

On-screen portrayal[edit]

Philip, Count Palatine is portrayed as Duke Philip of Bavaria by Colin O'Donoghue in the third season of Showtime's The Tudors. He is portrayed as falling quickly and deeply in love with Mary, but Henry sends him away from England as he dismantles the alliance with Cleves. To mask her feelings, a devastated Mary (Sarah Bolger) declares that she could never have married a Lutheran anyway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Gairdner. Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 2: August–December 1539, 1895.
Philip, Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg
Born: 1503 Died: 1548
German royalty
Regnal titles
Preceded by
new creation
Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg
1505–1541
Succeeded by
Otto Henry