Philip, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
|Philip, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen|
|Spouse(s)||Marie Sidonie of Baden-Rodemachern|
|Noble family||House of Hohenzollern|
|Father||John George, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen|
|Mother||Frenciska of Salm-Neufville|
24 June 1616|
|Died||24 January 1671
Philip was the youngest son of Prince John George (1577-1623) from his marriage with Franciska (d. 1619), a daughter of Duke Frederick I of Salm, Wild- and Rhinegrave in Neufville. As a younger son, Philip was destinined for the church. He was a canon in Cologne and Strasbourg. He was considered a learned jurist and was the head of an imperial diplomatic mission to Spain.
When his eldest brother Eitel Frederick V died in 1661, Philip inherited the principality. Pope Alexander VII allowed him to revert to the lay state, in exchange for a payment of 4000 scudi. Strictly speaking, when the Counts of Hohenzollern-Hechingen were raised to Princes, only the firstborn sons had been given the right to inherit the princely title. However, because of everything the rulers of Hohenzollern-Hechingen had done while they were in the imperial service, Emperor Leopold I, extended the right to this title to Philip. The Pope also gave the 50 year old Philip the dispensation he neede to marry in Baden-Baden on 12 November 1662 to Princess Marie Sidonie (1635-1686), a daughter of Margrave Herman Fortunatus of Baden-Rodemachern.
During his reign, Philip suffered from a frail health, and in his later years, he was completely paralyzed. The principality had been financially and economically ruined by the Thirty Years' War and was slowly recovering, due in part to Philip's modest court and the dowry his wife brought in. During his reign, industry, agriculture, trade, churches and schools began to blossom again.
Philip and Marie Sidonie had the following children:
- Frederick William (1663-1735), his heir, married:
- in 1687 to Countess Maria Leopoldine of Sinzendorf (1666-1709)
- in 1710 to Baroness Maximiliane Magdalene of Lützau (1690-1755)
- Herman Frederick (1665-1733), Imperial Field Marshal, married:
- in 1704 to Princess Eleonore Magdalene of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1673-1711)
- in 1714 to Couness Josepha of Oettingen-Spielberg (1694-1738)
- Charles Leopold (1666-1684), fell in the First Battle of Buda
- Philip Frederick (1667-1667)
- Maria Margaret (1668-1668)
- Sidonia (1670-1687)
- Gustav Schilling: Geschichte des Hauses Hohenzollern, in genealogisch fortlaufenden Biographien aller seiner Regenten von den ältesten bis auf die neuesten Zeiten, nach Urkunden und andern authentischen Quellen, F. Fleischer, 1843, p. 233 ff.
- Eduard Vehse: Geschichte der deutschen Höfe seit der Reformation, vols. 39-40, Hoffmann & Campe, 1856, p. 66
Philip, Prince of Hohenzollern-HechingenBorn: 24 June 1616 Died: 24 January 1671
Eitel Frederick V
|Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
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