|Education||School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston|
Philip-Lorca diCorcia (born 1951) is an American photographer. He studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Afterwards diCorcia attended Yale University where he received a Master of Fine Arts in Photography in 1979. He now lives and works in New York, and teaches at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
DiCorcia was born in 1951 in Hartford, Connecticut. His family is of Italian descent, having moved to the United States from Abruzzo. He attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, where he earned a Diploma in 1975 and a 5th year certificate in 1976.
Using a carefully planned staging, he takes everyday occurrences beyond the realm of banality, trying to inspire in his picture's spectators an awareness of the psychology and emotion contained in real-life situations. His work could be described as documentary photography mixed with the fictional world of cinema and advertising, which creates a powerful link between reality, fantasy and desire.
During the late 1970s, during diCorcia's early career, he used to situate his friends and family within fictional interior tableaus, that would make the viewer think that the pictures were spontaneous shots of someone's everyday life, when they were in fact carefully staged and planned in beforehand. He would later start photographing random people in urban spaces all around the world. When in Berlin, Calcutta, Hollywood, New York, Rome and Tokyo, he would often hide lights in the pavement, which would illuminate a random subject in a special way, often isolating them from the other people in the street.
His photographs would then give a sense of heightened drama to the passers-by accidental poses, unintended movements and insignificant facial expressions. Even if sometimes the subject appears to be completely detached to the world around him, diCorcia has often used the city of the subject's name as the title of the photo, placing the passers-by back into the city's anonymity. Each of his series, Hustlers, Streetwork, Heads, A Storybook Life, and Lucky Thirteen, can be considered progressive explorations of diCorcia’s formal and conceptual fields of interest. Besides his family, associates and random people he has also photographed personas already theatrically enlarged by their life choices, such as the pole dancers in his latest series.
His pictures have black humor within them, and have been described as "Rorschach-like", since they can have a different interpretation depending on the viewer. As they are planned beforehand, diCorcia often plants in his concepts issues like the marketing of reality, the commodification of identity, art, and morality.
In 1989, financed by a National Endowment for the Arts fellowship of $45,000, DiCorcia began his “Hustlers” project. Starting in the early 1990s, he made five trips to Los Angeles to photograph male prostitutes in Hollywood. He used a 6-by-9 Linhof view camera, which he positioned in advance with Polaroid tests. At first, he photographed his subjects only in motel rooms. Later, he moved onto the streets. When the Museum of Modern Art exhibited 25 of the photographs in 1993 under the title “Strangers,” each was labeled with the name of the man who posed, his hometown, his age, and the amount of money that changed hands.
DiCorcia's work has been exhibited in group shows in both the United States and Europe since 1977. He participated in the traveling exhibition Pleasures and Terrors of Domestic Comfort, organized by New York's MOMA in 1991. His work was also featured in the 1997 Whitney Biennial at the Whitney Museum of American Art, and, in the 2003 exposition Cruel and Tender at London's Tate Modern. The following year diCorcia’s work was included in Fashioning Fiction in Photography Since 1990 at the MOMA.
His most recent series was seen in the Carnegie Museum of Art’s 54th Carnegie International exhibition in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He has also exhibited in Germany (Essen), Spain (Salamanca) and Sweden (Stockholm).
DiCorcia received his first solo show in 1985 and from then on he has been featured in one-person exhibitions worldwide, including those at New York's Museum of Modern Art; Paris' Centre National de la Photographie; London's Whitechapel Art Gallery; Madrid's Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía; Tokyo's Art Space Ginza; and Hannover's Sprengel Museum. In March 2009, David Zwirner in New York held an exhibition of one thousand actual-size reproductions of diCorcia's Polaroids, entitled Thousand. Sprüth Magers London showed a series of Philip-Lorca diCorcia's Polaroids in 2011.
In February 2014 the Hepworth Wakefield hosted the first UK retrospective of diCorcia's work.
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DiCorcia's work is held in the following public collections:
- Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.
- Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.
- Museum Folkwang, Essen.
- Museum of Modern Art, New York.
- Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.
- Tate Gallery, London.
- Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
- 1980: Artist Fellowship, National Endowment for the Arts.
- 1986: Artist Fellowship, National Endowment for the Arts.
- 1987: John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship.
- 1989: Artist Fellowship, National Endowment for the Arts.
- 1998: Alfred Eisenstaedt Award, Life Magazine, Style Essay.
- 2001: Infinity Award for Applied Photography, International Center of Photography.
- 2013: III International Photography Award Alcobendas (Spain).
In 2006, a New York trial court issued a ruling in a case involving one of his photographs. One of diCorcia's New York random subjects was Ermo Nussenzweig, an Orthodox Jew who objected on religious grounds to diCorcia's publishing in an artistic exhibition a photograph taken of him without his permission. The photo's subject argued that his privacy and religious rights had been violated by both the taking and publishing of the photograph of him. The judge dismissed the lawsuit, finding that the photograph taken of Nussenzweig on a street is art - not commerce - and therefore is protected by the First Amendment.
Manhattan state Supreme Court Justice Judith J. Gische ruled that the photo of Nussenzweig—a head shot showing him sporting a scraggly white beard, a black hat and a black coat—was art, even though the photographer sold 10 prints of it at $20,000 to $30,000 each. The judge ruled that New York courts have "recognized that art can be sold, at least in limited editions, and still retain its artistic character (...) [F]irst [A]mendment protection of art is not limited to only starving artists. A profit motive in itself does not necessarily compel a conclusion that art has been used for trade purposes."
- Release: David Zwirner - Philip-Lorca diCorcia: Thousand (February 27 - March 28, 2009). Retrieved on May 20-2009 (PDF).
- Whitechapel Art Gallery, London Retrieved on November 23-2007.
- Carnegie International - Artist Bio. Retrieved on November 23-2007.
- http://www.lslimited.com/dicorcia/pl.html Leslie Simitch Limited - Philip-Lorca diCorcia. Retrieved on November 23-2007.
- Philip-Lorca diCorcia: Streetwork Retrieved on November 23-2007.
- PHILIP-LORCA diCORCIA by Marlena Donohue Retrieved on November 23-2007.
- Arthur Lubow (August 23, 2013), Real People, Contrived Settings: Philip-Lorca diCorcia’s ‘Hustlers’ Return to New York New York Times.
- Philip Gefter (March 17, 2006), Street photography: A right or invasion? International Herald Tribune.
- Cathy Horyn (February 11, 2011), Q & A: Philip-Lorca diCorcia New York Times.
- NY Courts.gov - Nussenzweig v DiCorcia (February 8, 2006). Retrieved on May 3, 2008.
- American Journalism Review - Giving Offense. Retrieved on May 3, 2008.
- Clancco - Update on Nussenzweig v. diCorcia Case (July '07). Retrieved on May 3, 2008.
- The New York Times - Case Over ‘Heads’ Photo Is Dismissed. Retrieved on May 3, 2008.
- Law.com - 'Art' Photo Is Not Subject to Privacy Law, Judge Finds. Retrieved on May 3, 2008.
- Luc Sante and Philip-Lorca diCorcia, Philip-Lorca diCorcia: Heads, Steidl, October 2, 2001. (ISBN 3882434414)
- Peter Galassi and Philip-Lorca diCorcia, Philip-Lorca diCorcia, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, May 2, 2003 (ISBN 0870701452)
- Bennett Simpson (Author), Jill Medvedow (Foreword), Lynne Tillman (Contributor), Philip-Lorca diCorcia (Photographer),Philip-Lorca diCorcia, Steidl/Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, May 1, 2007. (ISBN 3865213855)
- Philip-Lorca diCorcia, A Storybook Life, Santa Fe, N.M.: Twin Palms Publishers, 2003.
- Philip-Lorca diCorcia's Portfolio at The Collective Shift
- Philip-Lorca diCorcia at David Zwirner
- The artist interviewed by Josefina Ayerza
- Philip-Lorca diCorcia: choice, non-event and truth
- Review of The Whitechapel Art Gallery Exhibition, London,by Greg Whitfield
- Searching and Unknowing: diCorcia at The Hepworth