Philip A. Graham

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Philip A. Graham
Minority Leader of the Massachusetts Senate
In office
1963–1967
Preceded by Fred I. Lamson
Succeeded by John F. Parker
Member of the Massachusetts Senate from the 3rd Essex District
In office
1951–1967
Preceded by Cornelius F. Haley
Succeeded by William L. Saltonstall
Personal details
Born (1910-05-21)May 21, 1910
Lynn, Massachusetts
Died November 1, 1993(1993-11-01) (aged 83)
Newbury, Massachusetts
Political party Republican
Profession Farmer
Politician

Philip A. Graham was an American politician who served in the Massachusetts Senate from 1951 to 1967.

Early life[edit]

Graham was born on May 21, 1910 in Lynn, Massachusetts. He attended public schools in Lynn and Swampscott and graduated from Boston University.[1] During World War II he served in the United States Navy.[2]

Political career[edit]

Graham's political career began when he was elected to the Swampscott School Committee. He later moved to Hamilton, Massachusetts where he worked as a turkey farmer. In 1950 he was elected to the Massachusetts Senate.[1][2]

During his career in the Senate, Graham supported the creation of a state sales tax and aggressively railed against inefficiency and corruption in state government.[2]

In 1956, Richard I. Furbush did not run for re-election and Graham sought to succeed him as Senate President. At the Republican caucus held before the floor vote, Graham defeated Newland H. Holmes fifteen votes to six.[3] However, Holmes chose not to abide by the caucus decision and ran against Graham and Democratic leader John E. Powers for the Senate Presidency.[4] On the first ballot, Powers received the vote of all nineteen Democrats while the Republican vote was split between Graham (sixteen votes) and Holmes (five votes). Powers preferred Holmes to Graham and after a lengthy caucus with the Democrats, he was able to convince fifteen Democrats to support Holmes. On the second ballot, Holmes won the Presidency with twenty votes to Graham's sixteen and Powers' four.[4]

In 1960 and 1964, Graham ran for Governor of Massachusetts, but lost the nomination to John A. Volpe.[2]

From 1963 to 1967, Graham was the Minority Leader in the Senate.[1] He suffered a heart attack during his final term and did not run for reelection. After he left the Senate he was appointed to an eight year term on the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority by Governor Volpe.[2]

Death[edit]

Graham died on November 1, 1993 at his home in Newbury, Massachusetts.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 1965-1966 Public Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Long, Tom (November 3, 1993). "Philip A. Graham, GOP leader and former state senator; at 83". The Boston Globe. 
  3. ^ "Powers Becomes Kingpin Of Massachusetts Senate". Christian Science Monitor. January 3, 1957. 
  4. ^ a b Massachusetts Historical Society (1957). Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Volume 70. Boston: The Massachusetts Historical Society. p. 121.