Philip Christoph von Königsmarck

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Philip Christoph von Königsmarck

Philip Christoph von Königsmarck or Philipp Christoph Königsmarck, (Stade, 4 March 1665[1] – 2 July 1694,[2][3] Hanover) was a Swedish count[4] of Brandenburgian extraction and a soldier.[2] He was allegedly the lover of Sophia Dorothea, Princess of Celle, the wife of Duke George Louis of Brunswick and Lunenburg, the heir presumptive of the Principality of Calenberg, later to become Elector of Hanover (as George I Louis, 1708) and King of Great Britain (as George I, 1714).[5]

Background[edit]

Königsmarck was grandson to the Swedish Field Marshal Hans Christoff von Königsmarck, Bremen-Verden's governor general in Stade, and nephew to the Swedish Field Marshal Otto Wilhelm Königsmarck. His sister Maria Aurora of Königsmarck was later mistress to Augustus II the Strong of Poland, with whom she had the son Maurice de Saxe, the brilliant French military commander. His other sister Amalia Wilhelmina was a noted dilettante artist. His brother Karl Johann von Königsmarck is alleged to have hired three assassins to kill Thomas Thynne – husband of heiress Elizabeth Seymour, Duchess of Somerset,[6] whom Königsmarck had been wooing – on 12 February 1681. The assassins were hanged on 10 March 1682 though their alleged hirer was acquitted.

Disappearance[edit]

After wandering and fighting in various parts of Europe he entered the service of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover. Here he made the acquaintance of Sophia Dorothea, and assisted her in one or two futile attempts to escape from Hanover. Regarded, rightly or wrongly, as the lover of the princess, he was seized, and disappeared from history:[7] On the morning of 2 July 1694, after a meeting with Sophia, he disappeared from the Leineschloss castle.

He was murdered at the instigation of George Louis, and his body was disposed of in a river,[5][6] possibly the Leine in Germany. It is alleged that two of those involved in his death made confessions years later.[8]

Publication[edit]

Most of the letters alleged to have passed between Königsmarck and Sophia Dorothea were published by William Henry Wilkins in The love of an uncrowned queen (2 parts, 1900). It is not absolutely certain that Sophia Dorothea was guilty of a criminal intrigue with Königsmarck, as it is probable that the letters which purport to have passed between the pair are forgeries. The question of her guilt or innocence, however, has been and still remains a fruitful and popular subject for romance and speculation.[7]

The 1948 costume historical romantic film, Saraband for Dead Lovers (called Saraband in the U.S.) starring Stewart Granger, Joan Greenwood, Peter Bull, Flora Robson, and Anthony Quayle and directed by Basil Dearden is based on the story.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Today in History » March 4 in history". Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  2. ^ a b Great Mysteries of the Past. New York: Reader's Digest. 1991. p. 37. ISBN 0-89577-377-5. 
  3. ^ 4 March and 2 July in the Old Style Julian calendar still in use at this time in the Duchy of Bremen (country of birth) and the Principality of Calenberg (country of death).
  4. ^ "Family Ancestry Georgian England George I". Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  5. ^ a b "George I Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland". Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  6. ^ a b Charles John Königsmarck The Newgate Calendar
  7. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Königsmark, Philipp Christoph, Count of". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  8. ^ Memoirs of Sophia Dorothea, Consort of George I Robert Folkestone Williams