Philip Drucker (1911-1982) was an American anthropologist and archaeologist who specialized in the Native American peoples of the Northwest Coast of North America. He also played an important part in the early excavations under Matthew Stirling of the Smithsonian of the Olmec culture in Mexico, especially the site of La Venta.
The main Olmec expeditions were in 1940-42 when he worked for the Bureau of American Ethnology in Washington, D.C. His first Olmec period ended when he joined the U.S. Naval Reserve in 1942, seeing active service until 1945. He then joined the Smithsonian but in 1948 he was ordered to active duty by the U.S.N.R. as anthropologist to the American occupation administration for Micronesia, with the rank of Lieutenant-Commander, serving until 1952. From 1955-66 he largely gave up academic work and farmed in California, marrying and having two children. From 1966 he returned to academic life at the University of Kentucky, and elsewhere as a visiting professor.