Philip H. Morgan
Philip Hicky Morgan (November 9, 1825 – August 12, 1900) was an attorney, jurist, and diplomat from Louisiana who remained loyal to the Union during the American Civil War. He was branded a "traitor" in his home state.
Morgan was born in Baton Rouge to Thomas Gibbes Morgan and the former Eliza Ann McKennan. He was educated locally and then at the University of Paris in France from 1841 to 1846. He was fluent in modern languages, including French and Spanish. He was a first lieutenant in the U.S.-Mexican War.
He joined his father's law practice in Baton Rouge in 1848. In 1853, he relocated his practice to New Orleans and continued there until the 1870s. On May 22, 1852, he married the former Beatrice Leslie Ford, daughter of Judge James Ford of Baton Rouge. The couple had nine children, but only five survived past childhood.
Morgan was a judge of the Second District Court of Louisiana from 1853 to 1857. U.S. President Andrew Johnson nominated him as the U.S. attorney in New Orleans in 1866, in part because of Morgan's refusal to side with the Confederate States of America, but the United States Senate did not approve the nomination. The appointment was made again by Johnson's successor, President Ulysses S. Grant, in 1869, the Senate concurred, and Morgan served as U.S. attorney during Grant's first term.
Under temporary Republican Party rule in Louisiana from 1873 to 1876, Morgan was a justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court. In 1876, he became judge of the International Tribunal in Alexandria, Egypt, an appointment that bridged the Grant and Rutherford B. Hayes administrations. President Hayes named him envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Mexico, a position that he held from January 26, 1880, to June 6, 1885. That position survived the administrations of Hayes, James A. Garfield, and Chester A. Arthur, but quickly ended when the Democrat Grover Cleveland became president.
- "Philip Hickey Morgan", A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography, Vol. 1 (1988), p. 582
- "Philip Morgan", Dictionary of American Biography, XIII
- J.M. Callahan, American Foreign Policy in Mexican Relations (1932)
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