Philip I, Duke of Brabant

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Philip I, Duke of Brabant
Filip SAint Pol.jpg
Philip I, Duke of Brabant
Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol
Reign 25 October 1415 - 4 August 1430
Predecessor Waleran III
Successor Joan
Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg
Reign 1427 - 4 August 1430
Predecessor John IV
Successor Philip II
Spouse Yolande of Anjou
House House of Valois-Burgundy
Father Antoine, Duke of Brabant
Mother Jeanne of Saint-Pol
Born (1404-07-25)25 July 1404
Died 4 August 1430(1430-08-04) (aged 26)
Leuven

Philip I, Duke of Brabant, also known as Philip of Saint Pol (25 July 1404 – Leuven, 4 August 1430), younger son of Antoine, Duke of Brabant and Jeanne of Saint-Pol, succeeded his brother John as Duke of Brabant in 1427.[1] He had already been given Saint-Pol and Ligny as an appanage on the death of his grandfather Waleran III in 1415 at the Battle of Agincourt.

He commanded the Burgundian forces occupying Paris in 1419, but he returned to Brabant in 1420, where the populace complained of his brother's misadministration. He was declared ruwaard (regent) of Brabant. In 1421, he was reconciled with his brother, and resigned the regency. The citizens were pacified by John's "Nieuw Regiment" in 1422.

During his own reign, Philip was forced to grant concessions to the nobility in 1428. Wary of the rise of his cousin and heir Philip the Good in the Hook and Cod wars, he sought a marital alliance with Louis II of Anjou against Burgundy, marrying his daughter Yolande.
Because this marriage produced no children, his death in 1430 placed Brabant in the hands of his cousin Philip the Good, the next heir, whilst Saint-Pol and Ligny went to his great-aunt Joan, by proximity of blood.[2] His wife was placed in the guardianship of Philip the Good, until she remarried in 1431 with Francis I, Duke of Brittany.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Willem Pieter Blockmans and Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries Under Burgundian Rule, 1369-1530, Transl. Elizabeth Fackelman, Ed. Edward Peters, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 91.
  2. ^ Willem Pieter Blockmans and Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries Under Burgundian Rule, 1369-1530, 91.

Ancestors[edit]

Philip I, Duke of Brabant
Born: 25 July 1404 Died: 14 August 1430
Preceded by
Waleran III
Count of Saint Pol and Ligny
1415–1430
Succeeded by
Joan
Preceded by
John IV
Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg
1427–1430
Succeeded by
Philip the Good