Philip I of Macedon

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Philip I
King of Macedon
Reign traditional: 640–602 BC
Predecessor Argaeus I
Wife unknown
Issue Aeropus I
Royal house (Ancient) Macedon
Dynasty Argead
Father Argaeus I
Mother unknown
Religious beliefs Ancient Greek religion

Philip I of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Α' ὁ Μακεδών — φίλος "friend" and ἵππος "horse") was one of the early kings of Macedon, a kingdom in the north of ancient Greece. He was a member of the Argead dynasty and son of Argaeus I, becoming king in 640 BC upon his father's death.

As king, Philip was noted to be both wise and courageous. He resisted successive invasions by the Illyrians, but was eventually killed in battle against them, leaving the crown to his infant son, Aeropus I. Philip's wife is unknown.


  • Farr, Edward History of the Macedonians (Robert Carter & Brothers, New York, 1850), pg. 37
  • Herodotus Histories viii
  • Justin vii. 2
Philip I
Argead dynasty
Died: 602 BC
Royal titles
Preceded by
Argaeus I
King of Macedon
640–602 BC
Succeeded by
Aeropus I