Philip Jones Griffiths
|Philip Jones Griffiths|
18 February 1936|
|Died||19 March 2008
Jones Griffiths was born in Rhuddlan, to Joseph Griffiths, who supervised the local trucking service of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, and Catherine Jones, Rhuddlan's district nurse, who ran a small maternity clinic at home. He studied pharmacy in Liverpool and worked in London as the night manager at the Piccadilly branch of Boots, while also working as a part-time photographer for the Manchester Guardian.
Jones Griffiths never married, saying it was a "bourgeois" notion, but that he had had "significant" relationships. Survived by Fanella Ferrato and Katherine Holden, his daughters from long-term relationships with Donna Ferrato and Heather Holden. He died from cancer on 19 March 2008.
Journalist John Pilger wrote in tribute to Griffiths soon after his death: "I never met a foreigner who cared as wisely for the Vietnamese, or about ordinary people everywhere under the heel of great power, as Philip Jones Griffiths. He was the greatest photographer and one of the finest journalists of my lifetime, and a humanitarian to match…. His photographs of ordinary people, from his beloved Wales to Vietnam and the shadows of Cambodia, make you realise who the true heroes are. He was one of them."
Magnum found his images difficult to sell to American magazines, as they concentrated on the suffering of the Vietnamese people and reflected his view of the war as an episode in the continuing decolonisation of former European possessions. However, he was eventually able to get a scoop that the American outlets liked: photographs of Jackie Kennedy vacationing with a male friend in Cambodia. The proceeds from these photos enabled him to continue his coverage of Vietnam and to publish Vietnam Inc. in 1971.
Vietnam Inc. had a major influence on American perceptions of the war, and became a classic of photojournalism. The book was the result of Griffiths' three years work in the country and it stands as one of the most detailed surveys of any conflict, including descriptions of the horrors of the war as well as a study of Vietnamese rural life and views from serving American soldiers. Probably one of its most quoted passages is of a US army source discussing napalm:
'We sure are pleased with those backroom boys at Dow. The original product wasn't so hot – if the gooks were quick they could scrape it off. So the boys started adding polystyrene – now it sticks like shit to a blanket. But if the gooks jumped under water it stopped burning, so they started adding Willie Peter (white phosphorus) so's to make it burn better. And just one drop is enough, it'll keep on burning right down to the bone so they die anyway from phosphorus poisoning.'
Henri Cartier-Bresson said of Griffiths' "Not since Goya has anyone portrayed war like Philip Jones Griffiths." The South Vietnamese president, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, criticised Griffiths' work, remarking "Let me tell you there are many people I don't want back in my country, but I can assure you Mr. Griffiths name is at the top of the list."
In 1973, Griffiths covered the Yom Kippur War. He then worked in Cambodia from 1973 to 1975. In 1980, he became the president of Magnum, a position he held for five years. In 2001 Vietnam Inc. was reprinted with a foreword by Noam Chomsky. Subsequent books have included Dark Odyssey, a collection of his best pictures, and Agent Orange, dealing with the impact of the US defoliant Agent Orange on postwar generations in Vietnam.
Philip Jones Griffiths Foundation for the Study of War
After becoming aware of his terminal condition, Jones Griffiths launched a foundation to preserve his archives. His daughters helm the foundation, which as of July 2008 lacked a permanent home.
- Vietnam, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7148-4603-3.
- London: Phaidon, 1971.
- London: Phaidon, 2006.
- Dark Odyssey. New York: Aperture, 1996. ISBN 978-0-89381-645-2.
- Agent Orange: Collateral Damage in Vietnam. London: Trolley, 2004. ISBN 978-1-904563-05-1.
- Vietnam at Peace. London: Trolley, 2005. ISBN 978-1-904563-38-9.
- Recollections. London: Trolley, 2008. ISBN 978-1-904563-70-9.
- Jones Griffiths, Philip (1996). Dark Odyssey. Aperture. ISBN 978-0-89381-645-2. The introduction by Murray Sayle continues "In the Welsh manner, Philip uses the name of both his parents, to distinguish himself from all the other Joneses and Griffithses of the neighbourhood."
- Harrison, Graham (3 May 2008). "Philip Jones Griffiths". Photo Histories, the photographers' history of photography. Photo Histories. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
- Hopkinson, Amanda (24 March 2008). "Guardian Obituary". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Brockway, Anthony (1 June 2004). "Philip Jones Griffiths, an interview". Retrieved 15 July 2008.
- Hopkinson, Amanda (24 March 2008). "Obituary: Philip Jones Griffiths". Guardian (London). Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- Winslow, Donald R. (19 March 2008). "Philip Jones Griffiths Dies in London". NPPA. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- Kennedy, Randy (20 March 2008). "Philip Jones Griffiths, photographer, Dies at 72". New York Times. Retrieved 3 May 2008.
- Agence France-Presse (19 March 2008). "War photographer Philip Jones Griffith dies at 72". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
- Franklin, Stuart (19 March 2008). "Philip Jones Griffiths 1936–2008". Magnum Photos.
- Pilger, John. A tribute to Philip Jones Griffiths, who understood war & peace, & people. 26 March 2008. Accessed July 2008.
- "Vietnam Inc., Part I: A Photo-Journey Through the Villages, Fields, and Alleys of a Devastated Nation", Democracy Now!, 23 January 2002.
- "Vietnam Inc., Part II: A Photo-Journey through the Villages, Fields, and Alleys of a Devastated Nation", Democracy Now!, 24 January 2002.
- Griffiths, Philip Jones (1971). Vietnam Inc. New York: Collier-Macmillan.
- "Welsh home for PJG's archive?". British Journal of Photography. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- Interview with Philip Jones Griffiths
- Point and Shoot, Magnum in Motion
- Blood, Nails and Prayers, Magnum in Motion
- 50 Years on the Frontlines, Magnum