October 23, 1936 |
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Occupation||director, screenwriter, producer, actor|
|Spouse(s)||Rose Kaufman (1958–2009; her death)|
|Awards||Saturn Award for Best Direction
1978 Invasion of the Body Snatchers
KCFCC Award for Best Director
1983 The Right Stuff
NSFC Award for Best Director
1988 The Unbearable Lightness of Being
Philip Kaufman (born October 23, 1936) is an American film director and screenwriter. His movies have adapted novels of widely different types – from Milan Kundera’s The Unbearable Lightness of Being to Michael Crichton’s Rising Sun; from Tom Wolfe’s heroic epic The Right Stuff to the erotic writings of Anaïs Nin’s Henry & June. His greatest success has been the film The Right Stuff which received eight Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture.
Kaufman was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Elizabeth (Brandau) and Nathan Kaufman and the grandson of German-Jewish immigrants. He attended the University of Chicago and later Harvard Law School. After spending some time backpacking in Europe with his wife Rose, Kaufman returned to the United States. His time in Europe heavily influenced Kaufman's decision to become a filmmaker, when he and his wife would wander into small movie theaters showcasing the works of John Cassavetes among others[clarification needed]. He held some odd jobs including mailman. During his frequent travels he met Anaïs Nin. The relationship between Nin and her lover, the writer Henry Miller, was the inspiration for Kaufman's film Henry and June.
Kaufman returned Chicago, ready to make a feature film. With his wife behind him[clarification needed], he proceeded to go around town looking for funding for his film, which became his directorial debut, Goldstein, co-written and co-directed with Benjamin Manaster. With that film in 1965, they were awarded the Prix de la Nouvelle Critique at the Cannes Film Festival. Acclaimed French director Jean Renoir called it the best American film in 20 years. Two years later, Kaufman went on to direct Fearless Frank which marked the debut of Jon Voight. While the movie didn't gain as much attention as Goldstein, it did help Kaufman land a contract in Universal Studios' Young Directors Program.
In 1972, Kaufman wrote and directed The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid starring Robert Duvall in a terrific performance as Jesse James.
In 1974, Kaufman directed the film The White Dawn, a drama based on the novel of the same name by James Houston. It is set in the Arctic and stars Warren Oates.
Kaufman had commenced directing The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976) but was notoriously fired under Clint Eastwood's command by producer Bob Daley due to strong disagreements between the two. Eastwood's sacking of Kaufman resulted in Eastwood being fined (reported to be around $60,000) from the Directors Guild of America, who subsequently passed new legislation reserving the right to impose a major fine on a producer for discharging a director and replacing him with himself.
In 1978, Kaufman directed the remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers, which would become his first hit.
In 1981, Kaufman became involved with the first Indiana Jones film, Raiders of the Lost Ark, for which he received story credit. While the character of Indiana Jones was created by George Lucas, it was Kaufman who came up with the story and the pursuit of the Ark of the Covenant.
In 1983, Kaufman directed the critically acclaimed film, The Right Stuff, an adaptation of the book of the same name by Tom Wolfe. The Right Stuff was nominated for 8 Oscars, including Best Picture. The film won 4 Oscars.
In 1988, Kaufman was nominated for an Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay for The Unbearable Lightness of Being, based on the novel by Milan Kundera.
In 1990, he wrote and directed Henry & June, which was the first film to be given an NC-17 rating by the MPAA.
In 1995, he narrated China: The Wild East a documentary directed by his son, Peter Kaufman.
In 2000, Kaufman directed Quills, a satirical thriller film about the increasingly desperate efforts of the Marquis de Sade's jailers to censor his licentious works, starring Geoffrey Rush, Joaquin Phoenix, Kate Winslet and Michael Caine.
In 2003, he directed Twisted, a thriller about a young policewoman whose casual sex partners are murdered while she herself suffers alcoholic blackouts. It starred Ashley Judd, Samuel L. Jackson and Andy Garcia.
Kaufman's wife Rose, who has a cameo appearance in Invasion of the Body Snatchers, co-wrote the screenplays of The Wanderers and Henry & June. Their son, Peter Kaufman, was the producer of Henry and June, Rising Sun and Quills, Twisted and Hemingway & Gellhorn.
Kaufman lives and runs his production company Walrus and Associates in San Francisco.
Kaufman directed an HBO film about Ernest Hemingway and his relationship with Martha Gellhorn entitled Hemingway & Gellhorn starring Clive Owen and Nicole Kidman. The film aired on HBO on May 28, 2012. The film was nominated for 15 Primetime Emmy Awards, including one for Kaufman for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie, or Dramatic Special.
- Goldstein (1964) (Co-Director/Co-Writer, with Benjamin Manaster)
- Fearless Frank (1967) (Director/Writer)
- The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid (1972) (Director/Writer)
- The White Dawn (1974) (Director)
- The Outlaw Josey Wales (Writer, with Sonia Chernus) (1976)
- Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978) (Director)
- The Wanderers (1979) (Director/Co-Writer, with Rose Kaufman)
- Raiders of the Lost Ark (with George Lucas) (1981) (Story Only)
- The Right Stuff (1983) (Director/Writer)
- The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988) (Director/Writer)
- Henry & June (1990) (Director/Co-Writer, with Rose Kaufman)
- Rising Sun (with Michael Crichton and Michael Backes) (1993) (Director/Co-Writer)
- Quills (2000) (Director)
- Twisted (2004) (Director)
- Hemingway & Gellhorn (2012) (Director)
- McGilligan, p.264
- "HBO Orders Hemingway Film With Nicole Kidman and Clive Owen". TVGuide.com.