Philip Shuttleworth

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Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth (1782–1842) was an English churchman and academic, Warden of New College, Oxford, from 1822 and Bishop of Chichester.

Life[edit]

Philip Shuttleworth was second son of Humphrey Shuttleworth, vicar of Kirkham in Lancashire from 1771 to 1812, and of Preston from 1784 to 1809, an anti-papal writer. Shuttleworth, born at Kirkham on 9 February 1782, was educated at the Preston grammar school, and at Winchester College, which he entered in 1796. He matriculated at New College, Oxford, on 24 December 1800, and graduated B.A. in 1800, M.A. in 1811, and B.D. and D.D. in 1822. In 1803 he won the Chancellor's Latin-verse prize, the subject being 'Byzantium.'

Soon after graduating he became tutor to the Hon. Algernon Herbert, and at a subsequent date to Charles Richard Fox, son of Henry Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland. He was Tutor and Fellow of New College until 1822, and proctor of the university in 1820. In 1822, he was unanimously chosen Warden of New College. He held strong whig views, which were toned down in later life, and was an opponent of the tractarian movement.

On 19 November 1824, he was presented by Lord Holland to the rectory of Foxley, Wiltshire, and in September 1840 was appointed bishop of Chichester. He died at his palace at Chichester on 7 January 1842. He married at Hambleton, Buckinghamshire, in 1823, Emma Martha, daughter of George Welch of High Leek in Tunstal parish, Lancashire. By her he had five daughters and a son, Philip Ughtred, who died a student of Christ Church, Oxford, on 27 November 1848.

Works[edit]

He wrote occasional verse, some of which appears in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1861, and in Elizabeth Oak Gordon's Life of William Buckland, 1891. His playful "Specimen of a Geological Lecture" is given in Charles Daubeny's Fugitive Poems connected with Natural History and Physical Science, 1869.

Shuttleworth published, besides separate sermons:

  • Sermons on some of the leading Principles of Christianity, 2 vols, 1827–34; 3rd edition 1840.
  • A Paraphrastic Translation of the Apostolic Epistles, with Notes, 1829; 5th edition 1854.
  • The Consistency of the Whole Scheme of Revelation with itself, and with Human Reason, 1832.
  • Not Tradition but Scripture, 1838, opposed to the Oxford tracts.
  • Three Sermons before the University of Oxford, 1840.

References[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Samuel Gauntlett
Warden of New College, Oxford
1822–1840
Succeeded by
David Williams
Church of England titles
Preceded by
William Otter
Bishop of Chicester
1840–1842
Succeeded by
Ashurst Gilbert