Philip Stanhope, 1st Baron Weardale

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Hon. Philip Stanhope
"A Cynical Radical"
As depicted by "Spy" (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, 25 July 1906

Philip James Stanhope, 1st Baron Weardale (8 December 1847 – 1 March 1923) was a British Liberal politician and philanthropist.

Background and early life[edit]

Stanhope was born in Marylebone, London.[citation needed] A member of an important political family, he was the younger son of Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope and Emily Harriet, daughter of General Sir Edward Kerrison, 1st Baronet. Arthur Stanhope, 6th Earl Stanhope and Edward Stanhope were his elder brothers (in contrast to him they were both Conservative politicians).[1] Having joined the Royal Navy as a young man, he rose to the rank of lieutenant before he left the service.[2]

Political career[edit]

In 1886 Stanhope was elected to the House of Commons as Liberal Member of Parliament for Wednesbury. Having lost his seat in 1892,[3] he was elected again in 1893 for Burnley, a seat he held until 1900.[4] Defeated again, he was elected in 1904 for Harborough, a seat he held until 1906,[5] when he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Weardale, of Stanhope in the County of Durham.[6]

A prominent opponent of war - including the Boer War - he was president of the sixth National Peace Conference in Leicester in 1910, led the British group in the Inter-Parliamentary Union, and became president of that organisation from 1912 to 1922. He was also president of the Save the Children Fund and a trustee of the National Portrait Gallery.[2]

With Lord Curzon, he became in 1912 joint president of the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage, an anti-suffrage organisation. In 1914 he was attacked with a dogwhip at Euston Station by a suffragette who mistook him for the Prime Minister, H. H. Asquith.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Weardale married Countess Alexandra Tolstoy (1856–1934), grand-daughter of the German-born Russian Count Georg von Cancrin and widow of Count Tolstoy, a relative of the writer Leo Tolstoy, in 1877.[2] They lived at The Wodehouse near Wombourne, where they entertained William Ewart Gladstone.[7] In 1906 he built Weardale Manor, a country house on Toys Hill, Brasted Chart, near Sevenoaks in Kent. A substantial house - 145 rooms - it was only occupied during the summer months. He died in Sevenoaks in March 1923, aged 75, and was buried at Chevening. As he had no children the barony became extinct on his death. After his death, Lady Weardale rarely visited Weardale Manor. On her death in 1934, she left it to her nephew, Lord Stanhope. Lacking the funds to maintain it, he allowed it to fall into disrepair and it was demolished in 1939,[8] as were many country houses at that time.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Wilson Lloyd
Member of Parliament for Wednesbury
18861892
Succeeded by
Wilson Lloyd
Preceded by
Jabez Balfour
Member of Parliament for Burnley
18931900
Succeeded by
William Mitchell
Preceded by
John William Logan
Member of Parliament for Harborough
19041906
Succeeded by
R. C. Lehmann
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Weardale
1906–1923
Extinct