He was son of Thomas Traherne (1603–1644) and Mary. He was English Chaplain at Smyrna in 1669-1674. He possessed minuscule 71, a Greek manuscript of the four Gospels, and brought it to England. Traherne collated text of the manuscript, and in 1679, presented it to Lambeth Palace along with its collation.
- The soul's communion with her saviour. Or, The history of our Lord Jesus Christ, written by the four evangelists digested into devotional meditations (1685)
- J. B. Pearson, A biographical sketch of the chaplains to the Levant Company 1611-1706 (Cambridge 1883), pp. 32–33.