Philip Ward

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Sir Philip Ward
Born 10 July 1924
Died 6 January 2003
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1943 - 1979
Rank Major-General
Commands held London District
RMA Sandhurst
Battles/wars Operation Banner
Awards Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Commander of the Order of the British Empire

Major-General Sir Philip John Newling Ward, KCVO, CBE (10 July 1924 – 6 January 2003) was a Welsh Guards officer whose skilled diplomacy calmed the rulers of the Gulf States as Britain prepared to withdraw from the region. Ward served as High Sheriff of West Sussex, 1985–86, and a Deputy Lieutenant from 1981. Thereafter he was Lord-Lieutenant of West Sussex, 1994–99, having been Vice Lord-Lieutenant of the county, 1990-94.

Early life[edit]

Philip Ward was the son of G. W. N. Ward and was educated at Monkton Combe School near Bath.[1] He was commissioned into the Welsh Guards in 1943 and served with the 2nd Battalion in the armoured reconnaissance role, equipped with Cromwell tanks, during the campaign in North West Europe in the Guards Armoured Division. This included Operation Goodwood - the start of the breakout from the eastern end of the Normandy Bridgehead - the subsequent fighting in the countryside of the bocage and the armoured dash to Brussels. It is believed that it was one of 2nd Welsh Guards' Cromwell tanks that was the first to enter Brussels on 3 September 1944, before going on to Nijmegen. The battalion suffered many casualties during the early months of the campaign.

Post-war and Gulf diplomacy[edit]

Much of his service after the Second World War was concerned with the exacting demands of military ceremonial at unit, and later, at state level. He was adjutant of the Eaton Hall Infantry Officer Cadet School, 1950–52, and of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, 1960–62, before being appointed Brigade Major of the Household Division and London District in 1962. In this last assignment he was responsible for orchestrating all ceremonial events in which the Household Cavalry and Foot Guards were involved, from the annual Trooping the Colour on the official birthday of the Queen down to the almost weekly guards of honour for visiting foreign dignitaries.

After commanding the 1st Welsh Guards[1] in Aden and the Western Protectorate, he found the job in the Ministry of Defence tedious and was thinking of leaving the Army when, out of the blue, he was appointed Commander Land Forces, Gulf, as a Brigadier, in 1969.[1] By then the Aden base had been abandoned and the British Headquarters in the Middle East shifted to Bahrain. Abandonment of Aden and the Protectorate sheikhs caused the Gulf State rulers to look to their own guarantees from Britain and - especially those newly rich with oil - to a greater independence in their foreign affairs. In January 1968 a British Government emissary informed the Gulf Rulers that, far from remaining indefinitely, the British military presence was to be withdrawn by the end of 1971 as part of the ending of commitments east of Suez. Although some alarm was expressed by the smaller and financially weaker states, the British declaration actually drew the states closer together and Ward was able to close down his command in an atmosphere of continuing friendship and co-operation.

He was appointed CBE for his services in the Gulf and took over as Major-General commanding the Household Division and General Officer Commanding London District in October 1973.[1] As in the Gulf, but in a completely different context, Ward was in his element. He knew the ceremonial aspects down to the last detail and clearly enjoyed this period of his career, of which the highlight was probably the occasion of the marriage of The Princess Anne in 1973. In 1974 his home was badly damaged by a Provisional IRA bomb.[2] He was appointed KCVO at the end of his tour of command and moved to Camberley to become the Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, another scene with which he was familiar, in 1976.[1]

Later life and positions[edit]

On leaving the Army in 1979, he became a Communar of Chichester Cathedral, 1980–83,[1] and a director of a wide range of companies. He was director of public affairs at International Distillers & Vintners,[1] chairman of Peter Hamilton 1986-90[1] and a director of W&A Gilbey Security Consultants, 1983-89. The funds of another company of which he was a director began to diminish in unexplained circumstances. Lunching with a fellow director after a board meeting he inquired whether he thought they might be sent to prison. Not reassured by his companion's reply, he remarked: "Well if we are, I shall ask the judge to send us to Ford Open Prison where I believe there is an excellent library."

He was High Sheriff of West Sussex, 1985–86, and a Deputy Lieutenant from 1981. Thereafter he was Lord-Lieutenant of West Sussex 1994-99 having been Vice Lord-Lieutenant of the county, 1990-94.[1] Ward was president of the South of England Agricultural Society, 1994–95, Governor of the Church Lads' and Church Girls' Brigade, 1979–86, and Patron of the Chichester Cathedral Trust in 1995. Sir Philip was president of the D-Day and Normandy Fellowship from 1990-2001.

In 1993, he laid the foundation stone for new site of Tanbridge House School in Horsham.

He married Pamela Ann Glennie in 1948. She survived him with their two sons and two daughters.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Debrett's People of Today 1994
  2. ^ Crime in Britain Today

See also[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir James Bowes-Lyon
GOC London District
1973–1976
Succeeded by
Sir John Swinton
Preceded by
Robert Ford
Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
1976–1979
Succeeded by
Richard Vickers
Honorary titles
Preceded by
John Cowley
High Sheriff of West Sussex
1985 – 1986
Succeeded by
J F Godman-Dorington
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond and Gordon
Lord Lieutenant of West Sussex
1994 – 1999
Succeeded by
Hugh Wyatt