Philip Young (ambassador)

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Philip Young in the Netherlands in 1957

Philip Young (May 9, 1910 – January 15, 1987) was an American government official and diplomat who served as United States Ambassador to the Netherlands.

Life and career[edit]

The son of Owen D. Young, Philip Young was born in Lexington, Massachusetts on May 9, 1910. He graduated from the Choate School, received his bachelor's degree from St. Lawrence University, and graduated with a master of business administration degree from Harvard University in 1933.[1]

Young was initially employed as an economist at the Securities and Exchange Commission,[2] where he worked until 1938, when he moved to the Treasury Department, where he worked on the Lend-Lease Program at the start of World War II.[3] Young joined the United States Navy after the United States became involved in hostilities, serving as a Lieutenant Commander in the supply corps.[4]

After the war Young entered the private sector, where he worked until becoming Dean of Columbia University's Business School in 1948.[5] While at Columbia he worked closely with Dwight D. Eisenhower during Eisenhower's term as president of the university. When Eisenhower became President of the United States in 1953, he appointed Young as his personnel manager and named him to a position on the Civil Service Commission.[6][7] He served until 1957, became the Commission's Chairman, and garnered mixed publicity for carrying out an executive order to purge government departments of individuals who were only suspected of being subversive.[8]

In 1957 Young was appointed Ambassador to the Netherlands, where he served until 1960.[9]

Upon returning to the United States, Young was named Executive Director of the United States Council for the International Chamber of Commerce, where he served until 1965.[10] He then worked for several years as a management consultant before retiring to Van Hornesville, New York and Great Falls, Virginia.[11]

He died in Arlington, Virginia on January 15, 1987.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfgang Saxon, New York Times, Philip Young is Dead at 76: Eisenhower's Personnel Chief, January 19, 1987
  2. ^ Christian Science Monitor, Sons of Prominent Leaders in Employ Of the 'New Deal', December 10, 1937
  3. ^ Christian Science Monitor, Lend-Lease Agency Studies War Aid Repayment Plans, June 26, 1941
  4. ^ Johns Hopkins Press, The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower: The Presidency; Keeping the Peace, Volume 20, 2001, page 68
  5. ^ Leonard Buder, New York Times, Columbia Business School Expands, August 28, 1949
  6. ^ Associated Press, Columbia Aide Named to Civil Service Post, Milwaukee Journal, March 13, 1953
  7. ^ Anthony Leviero, New York Times, Dean Young Slated Civil Service Head, March 11, 1953
  8. ^ Associated Press, Young Says Risks Fired Aren't Always Reds, Subversives, Fredericksburg Free Lance-Star, March 2, 1954
  9. ^ new York Times, Philip Young named Envoy to the Hague, March 20, 1957
  10. ^ International Chamber of Commerce, ICC News: Monthly Bulletin of the International Chamber of Commerce, Volumes 27–33, 1961, page 80
  11. ^ Los Angeles Times, Philip Young, 76: Ex-U.S. Envoy to the Netherlands, January 24, 1987
  12. ^ Social Security Death Index, entry for Philip Young, accessed December 17, 2012
  13. ^ Associated Press, Obituary, Philip Young, Toledo Blade, January 19, 1987

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
H. Freeman Matthews
United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
1957–1960
Succeeded by
John S. Rice