Philippe Guerrier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


Philippe Guerrier
Philippe Guerrier.jpg
4th President of Haiti
In office
May 3, 1844 – April 15, 1845
Preceded by Charles Rivière-Hérard
Succeeded by Jean-Louis Pierrot
Minister of Foreign Affairs, War and Navy
In office
April 4, 1843 – January 7, 1844
President Charles Rivière-Hérard
Preceded by André Laudun (War and Navy)
Succeeded by Hérard Dumesle
Personal details
Born Jean-Jacques Louis Philippe Guerrier
(1757-12-19)December 19, 1757
Grande-Rivière-du-Nord, Saint-Domingue
Died April 15, 1845(1845-04-15) (aged 87)
Saint-Marc, Haiti
Nationality Haitian
Profession Military

Jean-Jacques Louis Philippe Guerrier (December 19, 1757 – April 15, 1845) was a career officer and general in the Haitian Army who became President of Haïti on May 3, 1844. He died in office on April 15, 1845.

A respected soldier, Guerrier had successfully commanded the southern black army during the Haitian Revolution. After Haiti became independent, he retired from active service and became a plantation owner. King Henry I gave him the hereditary title of Duke of l'Avancé.

In 1844, discontent erupted among rural farmers and cultivaters over economic conditions within the country. These disaffected groups formed bands of armed men known as "piquets". The piquets were gradually brought under the command of a former army officer, Louis Jean-Jacques Acaau, who used them to disrupt government control over the south of Haiti. Eventually with their increasing success, the piquets acquired political aspirations. The foremost of these were the dismantling of mulatto power over the government and a return to black rule. These goals were believed to have been met when in May 1844, President Rivière-Hérard was removed from office by the mulatto hierarchy and replaced with the aged black general Philippe Guerrier, who assumed the presidency on May 3, 1844. Guerrier held office for only 11 months before he died on April 15, 1845.

Preceded by
Charles Rivière-Hérard
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
President of Haiti

1844–45
Succeeded by
Jean-Louis Pierrot