|Born||17 October 1960|
|Books||Lawless World, Torture Team: Rumsfeld's Memo and the Betrayal of American Values|
Philippe Sands, QC (born 17 October 1960) is a British lawyer at Matrix Chambers, and is Professor of International law at University College London. Sands is notable for writing Lawless World (2006), in which he accused US President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Tony Blair of conspiring to invade Iraq in violation of international law. His next book, Torture Team: Rumsfeld's Memo and the Betrayal of American Values (2008), dealt with the decisions by top US policymakers to use torture in interrogation of suspects in the war on terror. He also was the first to refer to the Bush-Blair memo that contained the claim that Bush wanted to lure Saddam Hussein's forces to shoot down a UN plane. The Guardian reported Sands's claims about the memo, which stated that Bush had proposed trying to provoke the Iraqis to fire on fighter planes in United Nations colours.
Early life and education
He has held academic positions at St Catharine's College, Cambridge (1984–88), King's College London (1988–91), the New York University School of Law (1994–2003), and the School of Oriental and African Studies (1989–2002), where he founded the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development. He took up his present post as a Professor of Laws and the Director of the Centre on International Courts and Tribunals at University College London in 2002.
In 2008, he testified before the United States House Judiciary Committee Hearing: From the Department of Justice to Guantanamo Bay: Administration Lawyers and Administration Interrogation Rules and United States Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing: Coercive Interrogation Techniques: Do They Work, Are They Reliable, and What Did the FBI Know About Them?.
Jane Mayer reported in The New Yorker on Sands' reaction to news that Spanish investigating judge Baltazar Garzon had received motions requesting that six former Bush officials (Alberto Gonzales John Yoo, Douglas Feith, William Haynes II, Jay Bybee, and David Addington) be charged with war crimes. Mayer reported that when Sands's book was published, the prediction that the six men would be charged seemed far-fetched. The Spanish government decided against pursuing the prosecution.
In the same report Mayer recorded Sands's apparent reluctance to represent General Pinochet in his extradition proceedings. She says that Sands declined the case, but went on to appear against Pinochet.
Sands is representing Macedonia in its case against Greece relating to the Macedonian naming dispute at the International Court of Justice; he made opening statements for the Balkan state on 21 March 2011.
Sands lives in London with his wife and three children.
- Norton-Taylor, Richard (2006-02-02). "Bush told Blair we're going to war, memo reveals". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Bennett, Rosemary; Evans, Michael (2006-02-03). "Bush 'tried to lure Saddam into war using UN aircraft'". London: The Times. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Andy McSmith (2006-02-03). "Bush 'plotted to lure Saddam into war with fake UN plane'". London: The Independent.
- "Blair-Bush deal before Iraq war revealed in secret memo". The Guardian. 2006-02-02.
- "Philippe Sands CV". Matrix Chambers. 2009-11-18.
- "Testimony of Philippe Sands". United States House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary. 2008-05-06.
- "Testimony of Philippe Sands". United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary. 2008-06-10.
- Jane Mayer (2009-04-13). "The Bush Six". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 2009-05-06.
- Philippe Sands official profile, UCL Faculty of Laws
- Works by or about Philippe Sands in libraries (WorldCat catalog)