|Date of birth||21 March 1955|
|Place of birth||Paris, France|
|Playing position||(Former) Defender|
|1977–1978||Red Star 93||3||(0)|
|1981–1983||Stade de Reims||38||(0)|
|1987–1989||Red Star 93|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Philippe Omar Troussier (born 21 March 1955 in Paris) is a French football manager and a former professional player. After a modest playing career within the French leagues he moved into management where he started out within the lower echelons of French football, however it was his move to Ivorian team ASEC Mimosas where he started to distinguish himself as a manager after winning several league titles with them. This would soon see him have a long association with African football and particularly their national teams, with Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, South Africa and Burkina Faso being teams he managed. His international management career would continue with Japan where he had a successful spell with them by winning the 2000 AFC Asian Cup, since then he has returned to club management and is currently the manager of Chinese football team Shenzhen Ruby. In June 2014 he signed for css (club sportif sfaxien) in Tunisia.
Philippe Troussier started his career in football as a player and would go on to become a professional with French Division 2 football club Angoulême in the 1976/77 league season. The following campaign he would leave to join Red Star 93, however his stay at the club was brief and he moved to Rouen. After several seasons with Rouen, Troussier's last professional club was Stade de Reims whom he played for until 1983 after having spent his whole professional career in the second division he moved into management.
Early coaching career
Troussier soon moved into management after gaining his coaching licences and achieved his first coaching position with the French Football Federation where he was allowed to manage a National football centre football club called Institut national du football de Vichy or more commonly known as INF Vichy. The team were allowed to participate in the third tier and given exemption from promotion or relegation so the young players could develop. In his time with the team he lead them into the 1983/84 league season where they came second within their group. The following season Troussier would coach CS Alençon in the French forth division and spent three seasons learning how to manage an amateur football club.
He would return to his former club Red Star 93 in the 1987/88 league season as their manager. In his time with the club he would guide them to second within the group and promotion to the second tier at the end of the 1988/89 league campaign. He would, however leave the club on June 30, 1989 to join second tier club Créteil on a caretaker basis until October 1, 1989 when Bernard Maligorne took on the management position.
Move to Africa
Troussier's first move away from France started with Côte d'Ivoire top division football club ASEC Mimosas where in his debut season he won the league championship. This would soon be followed by two further league titles and an endearment towards the country, which saw him gain citizenship with Côte d'Ivoire. With his impressive run at club level the Côte d'Ivoire national football team hired him as their manager in hopes that he could replicate his success with the national team. He was assigned to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, however he failed to achieve this and soon left his post to move to South African football club Kaizer Chiefs.
After a brief period with Kaizer Chiefs Troussier moved to Moroccan football club Fath Union Sport and lead them to the 1995 Coupe du Trône. His time with Fath Union Sport also saw him experience relegation to the second tier with them, however he remained with the club for several seasons until he was offered a chance to return to international management with Nigeria to replace Shaibu Amodu as they attempted to qualify for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Entering the job half way through qualifying he lead them into four games throughout the campaign as Nigeria successfully qualified, however the Nigeria Football Federation decided to relieve Troussier of his duties and ultimately let highly experienced coach Bora Milutinović lead them into the tournament due to his experience of already managing three different nations in a World Cup at that time.
Troussier quickly found a new job managing another African nation in Burkina Faso where he was assigned to coach them in the 1998 African Cup of Nations, which they were hosting. In a short space of time he made the team genuine title contenders until they were beaten by Egypt 2-0 in the semi-finals. Burkina Faso ultimately finished fourth after losing to DR Congo in the third-place match, nevertheless the result meant it was their highest ever finish at the time. His stint at Burkina Faso would impress the South African Football Association, who offered him the job of leading South Africa to the 1998 World Cup. He would replace Jomo Sono who despite leading South Africa to the final of the 1998 African Cup of Nations as a caretaker manager was not given a permanent position. Troussier, however was not able to galvanize the squad as he had done with Burkina Faso and the team were knocked-out in the group stages. After the tournament he would leave Africa, however before he did he was nicknamed as the "White Witch Doctor" for his overall successful legacy towards African football.
Move to Asia
Troussier coached Japanese national team from 1998 to 2002, winning the 2000 Asian Cup, placing second at the 2001 Confederations Cup and made the round of 16 at the 2002 World Cup. He also coached the Japanese team at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney to a fifth-place finish and 1999 FIFA World Youth Championship runner-up.
He was the head coach of the Moroccan national team, having taken over after the country's failure to qualify for the 2006 World Cup. However, he was fired after only two months in charge by the Moroccan FA due to a difference in opinion.
In March 2008, he returned to Japan to manage FC Ryūkyū a Japanese third division team before he was replaced by compatriot Jean Paul Rabier.
On 22 February 2010, he arrived in China and contracted with Shenzhen Ruby F.C., a Chinese Super League (CSL) team who won the first CSL champion in 2004, as team manager for a three-year deal.
Troussier is widely believed to be the first-choice replacement as coach of the Malaysia national football team after the Football Association of Malaysia didn't renew former coach K. Rajagopal's contract after it expired in December 2013. He was said to have agreed a MYR5 million annual salary with the FAM. However, the deal was later fall through when he faced some disagreements with the Football Association of Malaysia.
Honors and awards
- ASEC Mimosas
- Côte d'Ivoire Premier Division: 1990, 1991, 1992
- FUS Rabat
- Coupe du Trône: 1995
- Japan national team
- AFC Coach of the Year : 2000
- "Troussier: Africa is the heart of the game". FIFA.com. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "Division 3 Gr. Centre 1984" (in French). footballenfrance.fr. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- "Union Sportive Alençonnaise 61" (in French). footballenfrance.fr. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- "Red Star Football Club 93" (in French). footballenfrance.fr. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- "Red Star FC » Manager history". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- Eric Boesenberg (2014-12-04). "Ivory Coast - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- Shahbaz Sabeti and Nabil Benkirane (2005-06-15). "Morocco 1994/95". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- Mark Pierson (1997-12-18). "Football: Milutinovic confirmed as Nigeria coach for France 98". independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- Barrie Courtney (2005-06-05). "African Nations Cup 1998 - Final Tournament Details". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2015-03-02.
- Ajitpal Singh (14 January 2014). "Troussier wants Malaysia". New Straits Times. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Zulhilmi Zainal (31 January 2014). "Phillippe Troussier deal falls through". goal.com. Retrieved 27 February 2014.