Philippe de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme the "Grand Prior" (1655–1727) was the fourth Duke of Vendôme. The Grand Prior for France in the Order of Malta, Vendôme held senior military positions throughout his life, in various command roles.
In his later position of Grand Prior for France in the Order of Malta, Vendôme was able to attain numerous military commands, fighting in engagements including Fleurus, Steenkirk and Marsaglia.
During the Spanish War of Succession Vendôme was briefly in command of French forces in Italy. The opposing Austrian forces were commanded by Prince Eugene of Savoy, a more skilled commander than Vendôme, whose brother Louis Joseph, another senior French commander, had to assist him during the Battle of Cassano. He was subsequently demoted to a position subordinate to that of his brother, and served in this role during further campaigning occurring in Flanders.
After the death of Louis-Joseph, Vendôme inherited his brother's ducal titles (except Duke of Penthièvre which had been sold to Marie Anne de Bourbon in 1696). He died without issue. The dukedom became extinct after his death.