Philippine Air Force Reserve Command
|Air Force Reserve Command
Pangasiwaan ng Panlaang Kawal ng Hukbong Panghimpapawid
Comando de la Reserva de Fuerza Aérea
Coat of Arms of the Air Reserve Command
|Active||October 1, 1986 - Present|
|Allegiance||Republic of the Philippines|
|Branch||Philippine Air Force|
|Type||Air Force Reserve Force|
|Role||Conventional and Unconventional Warfare, Anti-Guerrilla Operations, Combat Support & Service Support, Force Multiplier, Training, Disaster Rescue & Relief, and Community Service|
|Size||120,000+ in Ready Reserve Status, 50,000+ in Standby Reserve Status|
|Part of||Under the Philippine Air Force|
Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Badge
|BGen Lino Horacio E Lapinid AFP|
|Unit Patch||AIRRESCOM Emblem/ RRAW Unit Patch|
The Air Force Reserve Command, known officially as the AIR RESCOM or RESCOM, (Filipino: Pangasiwaan ng Panlaang Kawal ng Hukbong Panghimpapawid) (PPKHP) is one the Philippine Air Force's Major Support Commands created for the sole purpose of Reserve Force management, procurement, and organization.
The utilization and management of Reserve Forces in the Philippines started when Rajah Lapu-Lapu, chieftain of the Mactan Island, Cebu, rallied his troops and defeated the Spanish invaders lead by Fernando Magallanes in the year 1521. Due to his actions as the local village chief, Rajah Lapu-lapu and his townsfolk became the very first reservists that saw action in defending the Philippines.
By 1935, the Philippine Commonwealth, under the leadership of President Manuel Luis Quezon enacted the very first legislature of his government. Commonwealth Act Nr. 01 ensured that Philippines will be prepared to thwart off any invasion or aggression of some sort by any nation, or entity and thus called upon its citizens to provide manpower to then fledgling Philippine Army. The National Defense Act of 1935 heralded the creation of what would be the Armed Forces of the Philippines and very first documented account of voluntary citizen enlistment.
Reservists fought hard during the 1940s and saw action on almost all parts of the country in World War II. Regular and reserve members of then Philippine Army/ Philippine Army Air Corps (the forerunner for the Phil Air Force), the Philippine Constabulary, and the Philippine Offshore Patrol (what would become the Phil Navy later on.) were incorporated with US units and rallied under the banner of the USAFFE.
Post WWII saw the re-organization of the AFP and the further need to rebuilt the defense of the nation. Reserve units were then organized to Battalion Combat Teams with the sole purpose of force augmentation in the eventuality that another world war ensues.
1991 saw the birth of a new reserve force when Republic Act 7077 (Reservists Act of 1991) was signed into law on July 1, 1991. This new legislation directed the AFP to organize and create units with the sole purpose of reservists management.
Its mission is to organize, train, equip, develop and administer the Philippine Air Force reserve force as base expansion in the event of war, invasion, rebellion, disasters or calamities.
They are also tasked in augmenting the regular force whenever needed.
Training is one of the primary tasks that is handled by AIR RESCOM. One of its primary training unit is the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) and the Basic Citizen's Military Training (BCMT).
The Air Force Reserve Command also through its ROTC Program prepare future officers in the air force serving in the reserve force. Under the Probationary Officer's Training Course, college graduates are trained to take roles as officers in Philippine Air Force.
Types of Reservists
There are currently two (2) types of reservists in the component of the AFP Reserve Force; the Ready Reserve and the Standby Reserve. Ready Reservists are personnel that are always on constant alert and on a call whenever the mobilization order has been given, while Standby Reservists are the personnel that support and augment the Ready Reserve Force when only needed.
Lineage of Commanding Officers
- COL RODOLFO C ABAD (GSC) PAF
- COL FERDINAND B DONESA (GSC) PAF
- COL JOSEFINO B GABOR (GSC) PAF
- COL DOMINGO A RODRIGUEZ (GSC) PAF
- COL PABLO C DOBLE (GSC) PAF
- COL ROGELIO T ESTACIO (GSC) PAF
- COL RAMON C FABIE (GSC) PAF
- COL ELIAS M STA CLARA (GSC) PAF
- COL ROLANDO Y ESPEJO (GSC) PAF
- BG ANTONIO V RUSTIA AFP
- COL VIRGILIO E CALIP (GSC) PAF
- COL JOSE C BAUTISTA JR (GSC) PAF
- BG JOSE V. BALAJADIA JR AFP
- BG ADELBERTO F YAP AFP
- BG NILO C JATICO AFP
- COL ROBERTO L RICALDE (GSC) PAF
- BG ORLANDO B YABUT AFP
- BG REULUCIO G SAMACO AFP
- BG LINO HORACIO E LAPINID AFP
- 1st AIR RESERVE CENTER (1ARCEN) - Villamor Air Base, Pasay City
- 2nd AIR RESERVE CENTER (2ARCEN) - Clark Air Base, Angeles City, Pampanga
- 3rd AIR RESERVE CENTER (3ARCEN) - Fernando Air Base, Lipa City, Batangas
- 4th AIR RESERVE CENTER (4ARCEN) - Antonio Bautista Air Base, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan
- 5th AIR RESERVE CENTER (5ARCEN) - Mactan Air base, Lapu-Lapu City
- 6th AIR RESERVE CENTER (6ARCEN) - Edwin Andrews Air Base, Santa Maria, Zamboanga city
- 7th AIR RESERVE CENTER (7ARCEN) - Old Airport, Sasa, Davao City
- 8th AIR RESERVE CENTER (8ARCEN) - TOG 10, Lumbia, Cagayan de Oro City
- 1st Air Force Wing (Reserve) - Villamor Air Base, Pasay City
- 2nd Air Force Wing (Reserve) - Clark Air Base, Angeles City, Pampanga
- 3rd Air Force Wing (Reserve) - Fernando Air Base, Lipa City, Batangas
- 4th Air Force Wing (Reserve) - Antonio Bautista Air Base, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan
- 5th Air Force Wing (Reserve) - Mactan Air base, Lapu-Lapu City
- 6th Air Force Wing (Reserve) - Edwin Andrews Air Base, Santa Maria, Zamboanga city
- 7th Air Force Wing (Reserve) - Davao City, Davao Del Sur
- 8th Air Force Wing (Reserve) - TOG 10, Lumbia, Cagayan de Oro City
Affiliate Reserve Units
- 500th (RESCUE 5) Search and Rescue Group (Reserve)
- 124th PAFARU (EAGLECOM) Ready Reserve
Awards and Decorations
|Award Streamer||Streamer Name||Operation||Date Awarded||Reference|
|Presidential Unit Citation Badge||SAR/DRR Ops, TS Ketsana & TS Parma||4 February 2010||General Orders No. 112, GHQ-AFP, dtd 04 Feb '10|
|Presidential Unit Citation Badge||General Elections, Philippines||1 July 2010||General Orders No. 641, GHQ-AFP, dtd 1 July '10|
|Military Badge||Badge Name||Operation||Date Awarded||Reference|
|AFP Election Duty Badge||General Elections, Philippines||21 May 2010||General Orders No. 513, GHQ-AFP, dtd 21 May '10|
- Battle of Mactan
- National Defense Act of 1935
- Conscription in the Philippines
- Philippine Army Air Corps
- Reserve Officers' Training Corps (Philippines)
- http://www.1afwr.webs.com/ Official Page of the 1AFWR
- Official Site AIR RESCOM
- Air Science 21 AFROTC Manual, 2001, AIR RESCOM
- Armed Forces of the Philippines Reserve Command
- Philippine Army Reserve Command
- Philippine Navy Reserve Command