Philippine Coast Guard

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Philippine Coast Guard
Tanod Baybayin ng Pilipinas
Guardia Costera de Filipinas
PCG katc.png
Coat of Arms of the Philippine Coast Guard
Founded October 7, 1901
Country Philippines
Type Coast Guard
Role Maritime Law enforcement, Border control
Part of Department of Transportation and Communications
Garrison/HQ Port Area, Manila
Motto "Saving Lives"
Mascot Dolphin
Website www.coastguard.gov.ph
Commanders
Commandant Vice Admiral Rodolfo D. Isorena
Coast Guard patrol boat PCG Pampanga (SARV 003) in formation in the Celebes Sea during joint military exercises with the Philippine Navy with the United States Coast Guard and the U.S. Navy, July 2012
Rescue boat and personnel of the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary at the 2013 Paraw Regatta, Iloilo City
35 Meter Ilocos Norte Class BRP Nueva Viscaya SARV-3502
Pump boat of the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary at the 2013 Paraw Regatta, Iloilo City.

The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) (Filipino: Tanod Baybayin ng Pilipinas) is an armed and uniformed service tasked primarily with enforcing laws within Philippine waters, conducting maritime security operations, safeguarding life and property at sea, and protecting marine environment and resources; similar to coast guards around the world.

It is an agency attached to the Department of Transportation and Communications of the Philippines. It currently maintains a presence throughout the archipelago, with twelve Coast Guard districts, fifty-four CG stations and over one hundred ninety CG detachments, from Basco, Batanes to Bongao, Tawi-Tawi.[1]

Units[edit]

The Philippine Coast Guard's major units include the Maritime Security and Law Enforcement Command (MSLEC) [formerly known as the Coast Guard Operating Forces (CGOF)], Marine Environmental Protection Command (MEPCOM), Maritime Safety Services Command (MSSC) [formerly known as Aids to Navigation Command (ANC)], and the Coast Guard Education and Training Command (CGETC). Among the PCG's special units are the Coast Guard Fleet, Coast Guard Aviation Group, Coast Guard Special Operations Group, and the CG K-9 Unit. The PCG used to be under the Armed Forces of the Philippines but is now fully under civilian authority within the Department of Transportation & Communication.

The PCG is an armed and uniformed service primarily tasked with enforcing all applicable laws within the Philippine waters, conducting maritime security operations, safeguarding of life and property at sea and protecting the marine environment and resources.

Due to an increase in terrorist attacks, the PCG activated the Task Force Sea Marshals, a composite team from the PCG, AFP and Philippine National Police. These Sea Marshals ride on many passenger ferries traveling to and from Manila, and maintain a security presence aboard these ferries.

Coast Guard Air Group[edit]

The Coast Guard Air Group (CGAG) was formally activated on 18 May 1998 during the incumbency of Commodore Manuel I de Leon PCG as Commandant, Philippine Coast Guard. Accordingly, Commander Noel O Monte PCG was designated as its first Commander holding office at the former PADC Hangar Nr. 3, Domestic Airport Complex, Pasay City.

On 22 January 1999, after eight months of existence, CGAG acquired its first aircraft, a BN Islander from the Philippine National Oil Company – Energy Development Corporation (PNOC – EDC). After six months of intensive inspection and rehabilitation, it was commissioned into Coast Guard service on 26 June 1999 as PCG–251. On June 1999, the first helicopter, a MBB BO-105CB was acquired from PADC and commissioned with the tail number PCG–1636. Another aircraft, a Cessna 421B "Golden Eagle" was acquired without cost from the Bureau of Soils and Water Management sometime in the early part of 2000. However, due to budgetary constraints, the aircraft rehabilitation is not yet completed to date. In the same year, another BN Islander with the tail number PCG–684 was acquired. It was commissioned and activated on June 2002 after it underwent rehabilitation. On 30 March 2001, the helm of the CGAG was transferred to Captain Lino H Dabi PCG. In search of a bigger home for its growing inventory, on 21 November 2002, with the support of the SOTC, Pantaleon Alvarez, the Manila International Airport Authority allowed CGAG to occupy its present location. Extensive renovation work was undertaken to make the hangar suitable as the nerve center of all Coast Guard Air Operations. On 28 March 2003, the CGAG acquired another BO-105C helicopter from PADC, two aircraft carriers were commissioned into the service as PSN-234 and PCG–145, and PCG-192 during the Group’s 5th Founding Anniversary.

With the intense need to have the capability to extract survivors from water, the said helicopter was fitted with a rescue hoist through the courtesy of the Japan International Cooperation Agency. Another significant milestone unfolded in the history of the group when PCG leadership was turned over to Vice Admiral Arthur Gosingan PCG. Through the endorsement of the CGOF Commander, Rear Admiral Damian Carlos PCG in recognizing the importance of the air unit in coast guard operations and their outstanding accomplishments granted the aviators their most aspired yearning of their careers by approving the group’s position paper on the Command Pilot Rating. This enabled aviators to have an equal opportunity with officers that acquired a Command at a Sea Badge to assume positions of higher responsibilities in the Coast Guard hierarchy. Today, the mantle of CGAG was entrusted to Commodore Aaron T Reconquista PCG.

Special Operations Group[edit]

The Philippine Coast Guard's Special Operations Group (CGSOG) is the special forces unit of the Philippine Coast Guard. It is a domestic counter-terrorism and law enforcement unit directly under its control; particularly notable for their involvement in the aftermath of the 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing.[2]

Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary[edit]

The Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary is the civilian support group of the Philippine Coast Guard. Although a volunteer, civilian organization, the PCGA uses a military structure for organizational purposes. Like other volunteer sea rescue organizations around the world, it performs non-military and non-police activities in support of its national navy or coast guard. This endeavor includes search and rescue, environmental protection, disaster relief, community service, and marine safety.

History[edit]

The new Philippine Coast Guard law (RA 9993, the “Philippine Coast Guard Law of 2009” [1]) established the guard as a distinct law enforcement identity (sui generis).

The PCG has been expanding its capabilities for the last 9 years. [3]

Ships in service[edit]

Vessel Origin Builder Class Commissioned Notes
BRP Batangas (SARV 004)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) August 2003 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad.[5]
BRP Pampanga (SARV 003)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) February 2003 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad.
BRP EDSA II (SARV 002)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) March 2001 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad.
BRP San Juan (SARV 001)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) July 2000 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad.
BRP Davao del Norte (SARV 3504)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) February 2004 [4]
BRP Romblon (SARV 3503)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) November 2003 [4]
BRP Nueva Vizcaya (SARV 3502)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) August 2003 [4]
BRP Ilocos Norte (SARV 3501)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) May 2003 [4]
BRP Tirad Pass (AU-100) [6]  Japan unknown Bessang Pass-class SAR vessel [6] unknown
BRP Bessang Pass (AU-75) [6]  Japan unknown Bessang Pass-class SAR vessel unknown
BRP Corregidor (AE-891) [6]  Japan Niigata Engineering Corregidor-class navigational aid tender 3 February 1998 Lone ship of class
BRP Cabo Bojeador(AE-46) [7]  United States Ingalls Shipbuilding [7] Cabo Bojeador (US Army FS-) type Buoy Tender [7] unknown Currently non-operational [7]
BRP Limasawa (AE-79) [6]  United States Ingalls Shipbuilding [7] Cabo Bojeador (US Army FS-) type Buoy Tender [7], ex U.S. Coast Guard navigational aid tender, USCGC Nettle (WAK-169) Loaned 9 January 1968, purchased 31 August 1978 Sister ship BRP Mangyan (AS-71) is in Philippine Navy, currently non-operational [7]
BRP Kalinga (AG-89) [6]  United States Marine Iron and SB Corp. Ex-USCG Balsam-class navigational aid tender, USCGC Redbud (WLB-398) 1 March 1972 Refitted in Cavite Dockyard in Nov 1995.
BRP Palawan (PG-64) [6]  United States unknown Agusan class[7] (ex-US PGM-39 class) unknown Undergoing engine repair.
DF 321 [7]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 323 [7]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 326 [7]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 328 [7]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 330 [7]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 331 [7]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 433 [7]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 300 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [7]
DF 301 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 302 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown In limited operation [7]
DF 303 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [7]
DF 305 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 307 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 308 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [7]
DF 309 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown In limited operation [7]
DF 310 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 311 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 312 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 313 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 314 [7]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [7]
DF 325 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 326 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 327 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 328 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 329 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 330 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 331 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 332 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 334 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 347 [7]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
CGC 30 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown Currently non-operational [7]
CGC 32 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown Currently non-operational [7]
CGC 103 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 110 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 115 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 128 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown Currently non-operational [7]
CGC 129 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 133 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 134 [7]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
MT Tug Habagat (TB-271) [6] unknown unknown unknown unknown
  • Note: Some BFAR ships/boats are manned by PCG personnel.

Acquisitions[edit]

On 30 October 2012, it was announced in the media that the Philippines would buy five patrol boats from France for approximately 90 million euros ($116 million). Rear Admiral Luis Tuason, chief of the coastguard, said one 82-metre (271-foot) ship and four 24-metre (79-foot) patrol crafts would be delivered by 2014.[8]

During Japan's Minister of Foreign Affairs visit to Philippines on January 2013, Minister Fumio Kishida underscored the role of Japan as the Philippines' strategic ally. In the conference, he stressed Japan would provide 10 patrol vessels to the Philippine Coast Guard on a loan basis. [9][10] Shinzo Abe confirmed that 10 patrol boats will be swiftly donated to the Coast Guard. [11] President Aquino and Prime Minister Abe witnessed the signing of a $187-million (18.732 billion yen) loan for the Philippines’ acquisition of multi-role response vessels to boost the capability of its coast guard to conduct maritime patrols.[12] The Department of Department of Transportation and Communications said the delivery of the vessels will begin in the fourth quarter of 2015 until October 2017.[13]

The Coast Guard will acquire the French P400 class patrol boat "La Tapaguese" worth 6 million euros.[14]The PCG will acquire the pre-owned La Tapageuse at a reasonable price where it will undergo dry-docking for repair and refurbishing during the next nine months in France. It is expected to arrive in the country in April next year.

During a September 2013 interview with the Defence IQ Press, Rear Admiral Cecil Chen, Vice Commandant for Administration of the Philippine Coast Guard, revealed the PCG acquisition efforts, "Notably procurement proceedings are underway for the acquisition of ten (10) 40-meter Multi Role Response Vessels from Japan, one (1) 54-meter pre-owned naval vessel from France, and seven (7) Bell helicopters. Also in the pipeline is the procurement of four (4) 24-meter fast patrol boats and one (1) 82-meter offshore patrol vessel. Additionally, the PCG is already in the process of acquiring more equipment purposely for use during disaster relief and emergency response operations with a target acquisition of ninety (90) rubber boats, eighty (80) rigid-hulled inflatable boats (RHIB), three hundred (300) aluminum-hulled rescue boats and six (6) jet ski personal watercraft units."[15]

On Feb. 14, 2014, it was reported that the PCG acquired more than a dozen brand new speedboats. The new equipment will be distributed to PCG units around the region to bolster their patrols and operations, especially during times of natural calamities.[16]

Aircraft in service[edit]

Aircraft Photo Country of Origin Quantity Notes
Britten-Norman Islander Britten Norman Islander OLT.jpg  United Kingdom 3 Four grounded [6]
MBB Bo 105 Bölkow Bo 105 (aka).jpg  Germany 2

Multi-purpose Maritime Helicopters[edit]

This acquisition project was a "priority". The helicopters must have multi-mission capability and autopilot. It must also have small ship take-off/landing capability, with twin engines and a high payload. The Eurocopter EC-145 is the front runner of the project.[3][17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Mission - Pulse of the Maritime Environment · Philippine Coast Guard — News
  2. ^ Number of missing passengers rises. Retrieved on June 21, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "PCG Planned Equipment Acquisitions". Timawa.net. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "PCG Assets". www.coastguard.gov.ph. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  5. ^ "Status of the PCG Tenix boats". Timawa.net. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "PCG ships". Timawa.net. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd http://kalasagnglahi.angelfire.com/content13.html
  8. ^ "Philippines to get five French patrol boats". AFP News. 2012-10-30. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  9. ^ "Acquisition of Multi-Role Response Vessels (MRRVs)". www.neda.gov.ph. 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  10. ^ "Budget for acquisition of Multi-Role Response Vessels (MRRVs)". www.timawa.net. 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2012-11-29. 
  11. ^ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/10/09/13/japanese-pm-confirms-10-ships-philippine-coast-guard
  12. ^ http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2013/12/14/1267856/aquino-japan-pm-push-freedom-navigation
  13. ^ http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2013/12/14/1267856/aquino-japan-pm-push-freedom-navigation
  14. ^ http://globalnation.inquirer.net/82155/coast-guard-to-buy-old-french-navy-vessel
  15. ^ "PCG on-going acquisitions". www.defenceiq.com. 2013-09-18. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  16. ^ "Coast Guard acquires new speedboats". GMA News Online. 2014-02-14. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  17. ^ http://www.zambotimes.com/archives/43251-Philippine-Coast-Guard-to-get-1,-2-Eurocopters-EC145-to-boost-search-and-rescue-operations.html

Bibliography[edit]