Philippine Coast Guard

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Philippine Coast Guard
Tanod Baybayin ng Pilipinas
Guardia Costera de Filipinas
PCG katc.png
Coat of Arms of the Philippine Coast Guard
Founded October 7, 1901
Country Philippines
Type Coast Guard
Role Maritime Law enforcement, Border control
Part of Department of Transportation and Communications
Garrison/HQ Port Area, Manila
Motto "Saving Lives"
Mascot Dolphin
Website www.coastguard.gov.ph
Commanders
Commandant Vice Admiral Rodolfo D. Isorena
VADM Rodolfo D Isorena PCG, the incumbent Commandant of the Philippine Coast Guard.
Coast Guard patrol boat PCG Pampanga (SARV 003) in formation in the Celebes Sea during joint military exercises with the Philippine Navy with the United States Coast Guard and the U.S. Navy, July 2012
Rescue boat and personnel of the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary at the 2013 Paraw Regatta, Iloilo City
35 Meter Ilocos Norte Class BRP Nueva Viscaya SARV-3502
Pump boat of the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary at the 2013 Paraw Regatta, Iloilo City.

The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) (Filipino: Tanod Baybayin ng Pilipinas) is an armed and uniformed service tasked primarily with enforcing laws within Philippine waters, conducting maritime security operations, safeguarding life and property at sea, and protecting marine environment and resources; similar to coast guards around the world.

It is an agency attached to the Department of Transportation and Communications of the Philippines. It currently maintains a presence throughout the archipelago, with twelve Coast Guard districts, fifty-four CG stations and over one hundred ninety CG detachments, from Basco, Batanes to Bongao, Tawi-Tawi.[1]

Units[edit]

The Philippine Coast Guard's major units include the Maritime Security and Law Enforcement Command (MSLEC) [formerly known as the Coast Guard Operating Forces (CGOF)], Marine Environmental Protection Command (MEPCOM), Maritime Safety Services Command (MSSC) [formerly known as Aids to Navigation Command (ANC)], and the Coast Guard Education and Training Command (CGETC). Among the PCG's special units are the Coast Guard Fleet, Coast Guard Aviation Group, Coast Guard Special Operations Group, and the CG K-9 Unit. The PCG used to be under the Armed Forces of the Philippines but is now fully under civilian authority within the Department of Transportation & Communication.

The PCG is an armed and uniformed service primarily tasked with enforcing all applicable laws within the Philippine waters, conducting maritime security operations, safeguarding of life and property at sea and protecting the marine environment and resources.

Due to an increase in terrorist attacks, the PCG activated the Task Force Sea Marshals, a composite team from the PCG, AFP and Philippine National Police. These Sea Marshals ride on many passenger ferries traveling to and from Manila, and maintain a security presence aboard these ferries.

Coast Guard Air Group[edit]

The Coast Guard Air Group (CGAG) was formally activated on 18 May 1998 during the incumbency of Commodore Manuel I de Leon PCG as Commandant, Philippine Coast Guard. Accordingly, Commander Noel O Monte PCG was designated as its first Commander holding office at the former PADC Hangar Nr. 3, Domestic Airport Complex, Pasay City.

On 22 January 1999, after eight months of existence, CGAG acquired its first aircraft, a BN Islander from the Philippine National Oil Company – Energy Development Corporation (PNOC – EDC). After six months of intensive inspection and rehabilitation, it was commissioned into Coast Guard service on 26 June 1999 as PCG–251. On June 1999, the first helicopter, a MBB BO-105CB was acquired from PADC and commissioned with the tail number PCG–1636. Another aircraft, a Cessna 421B "Golden Eagle" was acquired without cost from the Bureau of Soils and Water Management sometime in the early part of 2000. However, due to budgetary constraints, the aircraft rehabilitation is not yet completed to date. In the same year, another BN Islander with the tail number PCG–684 was acquired. It was commissioned and activated on June 2002 after it underwent rehabilitation. On 30 March 2001, the helm of the CGAG was transferred to Captain Lino H Dabi PCG. In search of a bigger home for its growing inventory, on 21 November 2002, with the support of the SOTC, Pantaleon Alvarez, the Manila International Airport Authority allowed CGAG to occupy its present location. Extensive renovation work was undertaken to make the hangar suitable as the nerve center of all Coast Guard Air Operations. On 28 March 2003, the CGAG acquired another BO-105C helicopter from PADC, two aircraft carriers were commissioned into the service as PSN-234 and PCG–145, and PCG-192 during the Group’s 5th Founding Anniversary.

With the intense need to have the capability to extract survivors from water, the said helicopter was fitted with a rescue hoist through the courtesy of the Japan International Cooperation Agency. Another significant milestone unfolded in the history of the group when PCG leadership was turned over to Vice Admiral Arthur Gosingan PCG. Through the endorsement of the CGOF Commander, Rear Admiral Damian Carlos PCG in recognizing the importance of the air unit in coast guard operations and their outstanding accomplishments granted the aviators their most aspired yearning of their careers by approving the group’s position paper on the Command Pilot Rating. This enabled aviators to have an equal opportunity with officers that acquired a Command at a Sea Badge to assume positions of higher responsibilities in the Coast Guard hierarchy. Today, the mantle of CGAG was entrusted to Commodore Aaron T Reconquista PCG.

Special Operations Group[edit]

The Philippine Coast Guard's Special Operations Group (CGSOG) is the special forces unit of the Philippine Coast Guard. It is a domestic counter-terrorism and law enforcement unit directly under its control; particularly notable for their involvement in the aftermath of the 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing.[2]

Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary[edit]

The Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary is the civilian support group of the Philippine Coast Guard. Although a volunteer, civilian organization, the PCGA uses a military structure for organizational purposes. Like other volunteer sea rescue organizations around the world, it performs non-military and non-police activities in support of its national navy or coast guard. This endeavor includes search and rescue, environmental protection, disaster relief, community service, and marine safety.

History[edit]

The new Philippine Coast Guard law (RA 9993, the “Philippine Coast Guard Law of 2009” [1]) established the guard as a distinct law enforcement identity (sui generis).

The PCG has been expanding its capabilities for the last 9 years. [3]

Ships in service[edit]

Vessel Origin Builder Class Commissioned Notes
BRP Batangas (SARV 004)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) August 2003 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad.[5]
BRP Pampanga (SARV 003)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) February 2003 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad.
BRP EDSA II (SARV 002)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) March 2001 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad. Currently for Repair[6]
BRP San Juan (SARV 001)  Australia Tenix (San Juan Class, 56 meter) July 2000 [4] All 56 meter vessels equipped with helipad.
BRP Davao del Norte (SARV 3504)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) February 2004 [4]
BRP Romblon (SARV 3503)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) November 2003 [4]
BRP Nueva Vizcaya (SARV 3502)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) August 2003 [4] For Repair[6]
BRP Ilocos Norte (SARV 3501)  Australia Tenix (Ilocos Norte Class, 35 meter) May 2003 [4]
BRP Tirad Pass (AU-100) [7]  Japan unknown Bessang Pass-class SAR vessel [7] unknown
BRP Bessang Pass (AU-75) [7]  Japan unknown Bessang Pass-class SAR vessel unknown
BRP Corregidor (AE-891) [7]  Japan Niigata Engineering Corregidor-class navigational aid tender 3 February 1998 Lone ship of class
BRP Cabo Bojeador(AE-46) [8]  United States Ingalls Shipbuilding [8] Cabo Bojeador (US Army FS-) type Buoy Tender [8] unknown For Repair[6]
BRP Limasawa (AE-79) [7]  United States Ingalls Shipbuilding [8] Cabo Bojeador (US Army FS-) type Buoy Tender,[8] ex U.S. Coast Guard navigational aid tender, USCGC Nettle (WAK-169) Loaned 9 January 1968, purchased 31 August 1978 Sister ship BRP Mangyan (AS-71) is in Philippine Navy, currently non-operational [8]
BRP Kalinga (AG-89) [7]  United States Marine Iron and SB Corp. Ex-USCG Balsam-class navigational aid tender, USCGC Redbud (WLB-398) 1 March 1972 Refitted in Cavite Dockyard in Nov 1995.
BRP Palawan (PG-64) [7]  United States unknown Agusan class[8] (ex-US PGM-39 class) unknown Undergoing engine repair.
DF 321 [8]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 323 [8]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 326 [8]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 328 [8]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 330 [8]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 331 [8]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 433 [8]  Australia De Havilland Marine De Havilland series 9209 (DB-type) Coastal Patrol Craft unknown
DF 300 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [8]
DF 301 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 302 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown In limited operation [8]
DF 303 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [8]
DF 305 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 307 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 308 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [8]
DF 309 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown In limited operation [8]
DF 310 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 311 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 312 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 313 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown
DF 314 [8]  United States unknown Swift boat unknown Currently non-operational [8]
DF 325 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 326 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 327 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 328 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 329 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 330 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 331 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 332 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 334 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
DF 347 [8]  United States unknown Swift Mk. III patrol boat unknown
CGC 30 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown Currently non-operational [8]
CGC 32 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown Currently non-operational [8]
CGC 103 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 110 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 115 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 128 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown Currently non-operational [8]
CGC 129 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 133 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
CGC 134 [8]  United States unknown Coast Guard Cutter type unknown
MT Tug Habagat (TB-271) [7] unknown unknown unknown unknown
  • Note: Some BFAR ships/boats are manned by PCG personnel.

Aircraft in service[edit]

Aircraft Photo Country of Origin Quantity Notes
Britten-Norman Islander Britten Norman Islander OLT.jpg  United Kingdom 3 Four grounded [7]
MBB Bo 105 Bölkow Bo 105 (aka).jpg  Germany 2

Recent Acquisitions from 2010[edit]

Philippine Ports and Coast Guard Capability Development Project[edit]

The project aims to strengthen the Philippine Coast Guard’s capability to promote safety of life, protect the marine environment and enforce maritime laws through procurement of four brand new 24-meter patrol boats and one 82-meter patrol vessel.[9][10]

The budget from this project came from the loan balance of a French loan that financed the cancelled Greater Maritime Access Ports Project of the previous Philippine administration.[11]

Disaster Response Equipment for Philippine Coast Guard Project[edit]

The Project ensures that each of the Philippine Coast Guard's 12 Coast Guard District Headquarters will be assigned two Rubber Boats each for Rescue missions. Furthermore, all 63 Coast Guard Stations and the 237 Coast Guard Detachments will have one Aluminum Boat. Also, all 63 Coast Guard Stations will be equipped with one Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB). Other RHIBs and Rubber Boats will be assigned to PCG Special Units and Search and Rescue vessels.

All the 300 Aluminum Boats, 81 RHIBs and 50 Rubber Boats will be equipped with 2 units VHF handheld marine-type Radio, 2 units Operators' Life Vests, 6 units of Common Life Vests, 1 Megaphone and 4 units of Flares.[12]

It is projected to minimize the instances when PCG personnel borrowing boats from fishermen, or other private entities to perform their duties during emergencies. This resulted in delays in the PCG’s response time, making rescue operations less efficient.[13]

Under this same project but under a different public bidding document,[12] 15 units of M35 6x6 Trucks and 40 units rubber boats were purchased. 3 units of the trucks and all 40 rubber boat units are currently assigned with the National Headquarters of the PCG. The remaining 12 units of the M35 trucks are assigned to each of the 12 Coast Guard Districts. It is expected to further facilitate timely response to disaster situations.

Maritime Safety Capability Improvement Project[edit]

The Project aims to strengthen and further develop the coast watch/patrol and search and rescue capabilities of Philippine Coast Guard by procuring additional patrol vessels. This will support the PCG in fulfilling its mandate and in complying with the international commitments of the Philippines on maritime safety, security and environmental protection. The vessels are to be deployed in ten (10) PCG Districts Manila, Tacloban, Zamboanga, Puerto Princesa, La Union, Iloilo, San Fernando (La Union), Davao, Legaspi and Cagayan de Oro.[14]

This JICA Project supports PCG, who is responsible of Maritime Safety, to enhance its capabilities to quickly and appropriately respond to coastal maritime incidents, such as search and rescue, maritime law enforcement, etc, by providing Multi-Role Responsive Vessels (MRRVs), thereby increasing the vessel/maritime area rate of each of the 12 districts. The Project is also in line with development policy of the Philippines and assistance strategy of Japan. Therefore, it is relevant that JICA supports the implementation of the Project.[15]

During Japan's Minister of Foreign Affairs visit to Philippines on January 2013, Minister Fumio Kishida underscored the role of Japan as the Philippines' strategic ally. In the conference, he stressed Japan would provide 10 patrol vessels to the Philippine Coast Guard on a loan basis. [9][16] Shinzo Abe confirmed that 10 patrol boats will be swiftly donated to the Coast Guard.[17] President Aquino and Prime Minister Abe witnessed the signing of a $187-million (18.732 billion yen) loan for the Philippines’ acquisition of multi-role response vessels to boost the capability of its coast guard to conduct maritime patrols.[18]

Maritime Disaster Response Helicopter Acquisition Project[edit]

The project involves the procurement of seven Maritime Disaster Response (MDR) helicopters for the Philippine Coast Guard to strengthen and expand their MDR capabilities during maritime incidents and natural disasters and calamities. The project will also involve the training of pilots and technical crew, procurement of mission equipment, procurement of maintenance tools and spare parts for five years, and the construction of hangars for the helicopters and offices for the pilots and technical crew.[19][20] It is being funded by the Credit Agricole of Germany.[21][22][23]

The Eurocopter EC-145 is the front runner of the project.[3][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Mission - Pulse of the Maritime Environment · Philippine Coast Guard — News
  2. ^ Number of missing passengers rises. Retrieved on June 21, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "PCG Planned Equipment Acquisitions". Timawa.net. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "PCG Assets". www.coastguard.gov.ph. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  5. ^ "Status of the PCG Tenix boats". Timawa.net. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  6. ^ a b c "PCG Invitation to Bid September 2014"
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "PCG ships". Timawa.net. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc http://kalasagnglahi.angelfire.com/content13.html
  9. ^ a b "NEDA BOARD APPROVES SIX PROJECTS ON INFRASTRUCTURE, EDUCATION & AGRICULTURE". www.neda.gov.ph. 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  10. ^ "NEDA board approves 6 projects on infrastructure, education, and agriculture". Phillippine Official Gazette. 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  11. ^ "Calendar Year 2012 ODA Portfolio Review". www.neda.gov.ph. 2013-04-08. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  12. ^ a b "Disaster Response Equipment for Philippine Coast Guard Project". Department of Transportation and Communications. 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  13. ^ "DOTC, PCG allocates another Php152M in addition to the earlier PhP521M purchase of Disaster Response Equipment". Department of Transportation and Communications. 2012-09-07. Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  14. ^ "NEDA Official Development Assistance Projects' Status". National Economic and Development Authority. 2010-03-01. Retrieved 2014-06-23. 
  15. ^ "Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)". JICA. 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2014-06-23. 
  16. ^ "Budget for acquisition of Multi-Role Response Vessels (MRRVs)". www.timawa.net. 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2012-11-29. 
  17. ^ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/10/09/13/japanese-pm-confirms-10-ships-philippine-coast-guard
  18. ^ "JICA and GOP sign agreement for ODA on maritime safety". Japan International Cooperation Agency. 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  19. ^ http://aid.dfat.gov.au/countries/eastasia/philippines/Documents/brace-design-annex-3.pdf
  20. ^ "Philippine National Transport Plan Executive Summary". Department of Transportation and Communications. 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2014-06-23. 
  21. ^ http://www.dbm.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/BESF/BESF2014/B15.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.dbm.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/BESF/BESF2013/B15.pdf
  23. ^ http://www.dbm.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/BESF/BESF2012/B/B15.pdf
  24. ^ http://www.zambotimes.com/archives/43251-Philippine-Coast-Guard-to-get-1,-2-Eurocopters-EC145-to-boost-search-and-rescue-operations.html

Bibliography[edit]