Court of Appeals of the Philippines
|Court of Appeals of the Philippines|
|Hukuman ng Apelasyon ng Pilipinas|
Seal of the Court of Appeals of the Philippines
|Established||February 1, 1936|
|Location||Manila, Cebu City and Cagayan de Oro City|
|Composition method||Presidential appointment from the short-list submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council|
|Authorized by||Constitution of the Philippines|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Court of Appeals of the Philippines (Filipino: Hukuman ng Apelasyon ng Pilipinas) is the Philippines' second-highest judicial court, just after the Supreme Court. The court consists of 68 Associate Justices and 1 Presiding Justice. Under the Constitution, the Court of Appeals (CA) "reviews not only the decisions and orders of the Regional Trial Courts nationwide but also those of the Court of Tax Appeals, as well as the awards, judgments, final orders or resolutions of, or authorized by 21 Quasi-Judicial Agencies exercising quasi-judicial functions mentioned in Rule 43 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure, plus the National Amnesty Commission (Pres. Proclamation No. 347 of 1994) and Office of the Ombudsman (Fabian v. Desierto, 295 SCRA 470). Under RA 9282, which elevated the CTA to the same level of the CA, CTA En banc decisions are now subject to review by the Supreme Court instead of the CA (as opposed to what is currently provided in Section 1, Rule 43 of the Rules of Court).
Added to the formidable list are the decisions and resolutions of the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) which are now initially reviewable by this court, instead of a direct recourse to the Supreme Court, via petition for certiorari under Rule 65 (St. Martin Funeral Homes v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 414)". The Court of Appeals building is located at Maria Orosa Street, Ermita in Manila.
Organized on February 1, 1936, the Court of Appeals was initially composed of Justice Pedro Concepcion as the first Presiding Judge and 10 Appellate Judges appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly.
It had exclusive appellate jurisdiction of all cases not falling under the original and exclusive appellate jurisdiction of the 7-man Supreme Court. Its decisions in those cases were final, except when the Supreme Court upon petition for certiorari on questions of law required that the case be certified to it for review. It had also original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus, prohibition, injunction, certiorari, habeas corpus and all other auxiliary writs in aid of its appellate jurisdiction. The Court then sat either en banc or in two divisions, one of 6 and another of 5 Judges. The appellate Judges had the same qualifications as those provided by the Constitution for Supreme Court Justices.
In March 1938, the appellate Judges were named Justices and their number increased from 11 to 15, with three divisions of 5 under Commonwealth Act No. 259. On December 24, 1941, the membership of the Court was further increased to 19 Justices under Executive Order No. 395.
The Court functioned during the Japanese occupation, 1941-44. But in March 1945, due to abnormal conditions at the time, the Court was abolished by President Sergio Osmeña through Executive Order No. 37. The end of World War II restored the democratic processes in the country. On October 4, 1946, Republic Act No. 52 was passed recreating the Court with a Presiding Justice and fourteen (14) Associate Justices. They composed 5 divisions of 3 Justices each.
On August 23, 1956, the Court membership was expanded to 18 Justices per Republic Act No. 1605. The number was hiked to 24 Justices as decreed by Republic Act No. 5204 approved on June 15, 1968. Ten years later, the unabated swelling of its dockets called for a much bigger Court of 45 Justices under Presidential Decree No. 1482 of June 10, 1978. Then came the Judiciary Reorganization on January 17, 1983 through Executive Order No. 864 of President Marcos. The Court was renamed Intermediate Appellate Court and its membership enlarged to 51 Justices. However, only thirty-seven (37) Justices were appointed.
On July 28, 1986, President Aquino issued Executive Order No.33 restoring the original name of the Court of Appeals with a Presiding Justice and fifty (50) Associate Justices.
On February 23, 1995, R.A. No. 7902 was passed expanding the jurisdiction of the Court effective March 18, 1995. On December 30, 1996, R.A. No. 8246 created six (6) more divisions in the Court, thereby increasing its membership from 51 to 69 Justices. These additional divisions - 3 for Visayas and 3 for Mindanao paved the way for the appellate court's regionalization. The CA in the Visayas sits in Cebu City while Cagayan de Oro City is home to the CA for Mindanao.
On August 18, 2007, Atty. Briccio Joseph Boholst, president of IBP — Cebu City Chapter, opposed the abolition of the CA in Cebu City, for it will cause inconvenience for both litigants and lawyers. Supreme Court Associate Justice Ruben Reyes was tasked to investigate and submit recommendation to the High Tribunal because of the alleged massive graft and corruption of justices, especially in the issuance of temporary restraining orders (TRO’s).
On February 1, 2011, the Court celebrated its 75th Anniversary.
On July 26, 2007, Fire hits CA main building, from the room of Associate Justice Edgardo Sundiam at the fourth floor. Thick smoke was coming out of the building as the fire continued to rage amid strong winds blowing, raising fears that the flames would become stronger.
|Name of Court of Appeals Justices||Position||Date of Appointment||Date of Birth||Date of Retirement||No. of Division|
|Hon. ANDRES B. REYES, JR.||February 20, 2010 as Presiding Justice||May 21, 1999 as Associate Justice||May 11, 1950||May 11, 2020||01 Chairman|
|Hon. REMEDIOS A. SALAZAR-FERNANDO||Associate Justice||May 21, 1999||September 2, 1953||September 2, 2023||02 Chairman|
|Hon. REBECCA DE GUIA-SALVADOR||Associate Justice||August 22, 2000||May 24, 1946||May 24, 2016||03 Chairman|
|Hon. AMELITA G. TOLENTINO||Associate Justice||August 27, 2001||July 4, 1944||July 4, 2014||04 Chairman|
|Hon. ROSMARI D. CARANDANG||Associate Justice||March 10, 2003||January 9, 1952||January 9, 2022||05 Chairman|
|Hon. HAKIM S. ABDULWAHID||Associate Justice||March 10, 2003||June 12, 1945||June 12, 2015||06 Chairman|
|Hon. NOEL G. TIJAM||Associate Justice||March 10, 2003||January 5, 1949||January 5, 2019||07 Chairman|
|Hon. JOSE C. REYES, JR.||Associate Justice||July 18, 2003||September 18, 1950||September 18, 2020||09 Chairman|
|Hon. FERNANDA LAMPAS-PERALTA||Associate Justice||February 9, 2004||June 16, 1960||June 16, 2030||10 Chairman|
|Hon. MAGDANGAL M. DE LEON||Associate Justice||February 9, 2004||August 19, 1948||August 19, 2018||11 Chairman|
|Hon. VICENTE S. E. VELOSO||Associate Justice||February 9, 2004||January 7, 1945||January 7, 2015||12 Chairman|
|Hon. ISAIAS P. DICDICAN||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||July 4, 1945||July 4, 2015||13 Chairman|
|Hon. JAPAR B. DIMAAMPAO||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||December 27, 1963||December 27, 2033||14 Chairman|
|Hon. CELIA C. LIBREA-LEAGOGO||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||December 15, 1950||December 15, 2020||15 Chairman|
|Hon. PAMPIO A. ABARINTOS||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||December 14, 1943||December 14, 2013||18 Chairman|
|Hon. MARIFLOR PUNZALAN-CASTILLO||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||September 21, 1954||September 21, 2024||16 Chairman|
|Hon. SESINANDO E. VILLON||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||July 16, 1949||July 16, 2019||17 Chairman|
|Hon. RAMON M. BATO, JR.||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||August 27, 1958||August 27, 2028||01 Senior Member|
|Hon. ROMULO V. BORJA||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||September 11, 1948||September 11, 2018||21 Chairman|
|Hon. EDGARDO A. CAMELLO||Associate Justice||March 15, 2004||May 19, 1952||May 19, 2022||22 Chairman|
|Hon. NORMANDIE B. PIZARRO||Associate Justice||January 24, 2005||February 7, 1949||February 7, 2019||02 Senior Member|
|Hon. APOLINARIO D. BRUSELAS, JR.||Associate Justice||August 1, 2005||May 6, 1956||May 6, 2026||03 Senior Member|
|Hon. RAMON R. GARCIA||Associate Justice||August 31, 2005||May 10, 1954||May 10, 2024||04 Senior Member|
|Hon. RICARDO R. ROSARIO||Associate Justice||September 12, 2005||October 15, 1958||October 15, 2028||05 Senior Member|
|Hon. MARLENE GONZALES-SISON||Associate Justice||May 8, 2006||February 28, 1956||February 28, 2026||06 Senior Member|
|Hon. ROMEO F. BARZA||Associate Justice||May 8, 2006||August 2, 1949||August 2, 2019||07 Senior Member|
|Hon. PRISCILLA BALTAZAR-PADILLA||Associate Justice||May 31, 2006||July 2, 1958||July 2, 2028||08 Acting Chairman|
|Hon. MARIO V. LOPEZ||Associate Justice||May 31, 2006||June 4, 1955||June 4, 2025||09 Senior Member|
|Hon. FRANCISCO P. ACOSTA||Associate Justice||December 14, 2006||April 2, 1947||April 2, 2017||10 Senior Member|
|Hon. STEPHEN C. CRUZ||Associate Justice||December 14, 2006||August 3, 1950||August 3, 2020||11 Senior Member|
|Hon. JANE AURORA C. LANTION||Associate Justice||December 14, 2006||January 9, 1950||January 9, 2020||12 Senior Member|
|Hon. MICHAEL P. ELBINIAS||Associate Justice||December 14, 2006||April 6, 1958||April 6, 2028||13 Senior Member|
|Hon. ELIHU A. YBAÑEZ||Associate Justice||May 15, 2007||November 2, 1951||November 2, 2021||14 Senior Member|
|Hon. FRANCHITO N. DIAMANTE||Associate Justice||August 8, 2007||October 4, 1951||October 4, 2021||15 Senior Member|
|Hon. AMY C. LAZARO-JAVIER||Associate Justice||August 29, 2007||November 16, 1956||November 16, 2026||16 Senior Member|
|Hon. FLORITO S. MACALINO||Associate Justice||January 4, 2008||August 23, 1952||August 23, 2022||17 Senior Member|
|Hon. EDGARDO T. LLOREN||Associate Justice||January 4, 2008||August 8, 1951||August 8, 2021||23 Chairman|
|Hon. EDGARDO L. DELOS SANTOS||Associate Justice||May 5, 2008||June 12, 1952||June 12, 2022||19 Chairman|
|Hon. RODIL V. ZALAMEDA||Associate Justice||September 5, 2008||August 2, 1963||August 2, 2033||01 Junior Member|
|Hon. MANUEL M. BARRIOS||Associate Justice||June 15, 2009||November 29, 1952||November 29, 2022||02 Junior Member|
|Hon. SAMEUL H. GAERLAN||Associate Justice||June 15, 2009||December 19, 1958||December 19, 2028||03 Junior Member|
|Hon. DANTON Q. BUESER||Associate Justice||June 15, 2009||March 14, 1951||March 14, 2021||04 Junior Member|
|Hon. LEONCIA R. DIMAGIBA||Associate Justice||June 15, 2009||December 1, 1949||December 1, 2019||05 Junior Member|
|Hon. EDWIN D. SORONGON||Associate Justice||October 30, 2009||October 29, 1954||October 29, 2024||06 Junior Member|
|Hon. RAMON A. CRUZ||Associate Justice||October 30, 2009||August 25, 1957||August 25, 2027||07 Junior Member|
|Hon. AGNES REYES-CARPIO||Associate Justice||October 30, 2009||December 1, 1946||December 1, 2016||08 Senior Member|
|Hon. SOCORRO B. INTING||Associate Justice||October 30, 2009||January 7, 1955||January 7, 2025||09 Junior Member|
|Hon. ANGELITA D. ALBERTO-GACUTAN||Associate Justice||October 30, 2009||December 3, 1953||December 3, 2023||10 Junior Member|
|Hon. MYRA GARCIA-FERNANDEZ||Associate Justice||February 16, 2010||June 24, 1963||June 24, 2033||11 Junior Member|
|Hon. EDUARDO B. PERALTA, JR.||Associate Justice||February 16, 2010||September 29, 1962||September 29, 2032||12 Junior Member|
|Hon. RAMON PAUL L. HERNANDO||Associate Justice||February 16, 2010||August 27, 1966||August 27, 2036||20 Chairman|
|Hon. NINA G. ANTONIO-VALENZUELA||Associate Justice||February 24, 2010||December 13, 1963||December 13, 2033||13 Junior Member|
|Hon. GABRIEL INGLES||Associate Justice||February 24, 2011||February 27, 1952||February 27, 2022||18 Senior Member|
|Hon. VICTORIA ISABEL PAREDES||Associate Justice||March 1, 2011||July 1, 1954||July 1, 2024||14 Junior Member|
|Hon. PAMELA ANN ABELLA-MAXINO||Associate Justice||March 1, 2011||October 3, 1956||October 3, 2026||19 Senior Member|
|Hon. CARMELITA SALANDANAN-MANAHAN||Associate Justice||March 15, 2011||March 22, 1949||March 22, 2019||20 Senior Member|
|Hon. MELCHOR QUIRINO C. SADANG||Associate Justice||March 15, 2011||January 6, 1952||January 6, 2022||15 Junior Member|
|Hon. ZENAIDA T. GALAPATE-LAGUILLES||Associate Justice||March 15, 2011||December 18, 1962||December 18, 2032||16 Junior Member|
|Hon. PEDRO CORALES||Associate Justice||November 11, 2011||April 29, 1957||April 29, 2027||17 Junior Member|
|Hon. MARILYN LAGURA-YAP||Associate Justice||February 3, 2012||May 29, 1957||May 29, 2027||18 Junior Member|
|Hon. MARIA ELISA SEMPIO DIY||Associate Justice||February 16, 2012||April 25, 1966||April 25, 2036||19 Junior Member|
|Hon. MA. LUISA QUIJANO-PADILLA||Associate Justice||May 17, 2012||January 18, 1950||January 18, 2020||20 Junior Member|
|Hon. RENATO C. FRANCISCO||Associate Justice||May 17, 2012||August 20, 1948||August 20, 2018||21 Senior Member|
|Hon. JHOSEP Y. LOPEZ||Associate Justice||May 17, 2012||February 8, 1963||February 8, 2033||22 Senior Member|
|Hon. MARIE CHRISTINE B. AZCARRAGA-JACOB||Associate Justice||September 14, 2012||January 15, 1956||January 15, 2026||23 Senior Member|
|Hon. OSCAR V. BADELLES||Associate Justice||September 14, 2012||April 20, 1954||April 20, 2024||21 Junior Member|
|Hon. HENRI JEAN PAUL B. INTING||Associate Justice||September 14, 2012||September 4, 1957||September 4, 2027||22 Junior Member|
|Hon. EDWARD B. CONTRERAS||Associate Justice||February 26, 2013||August 8, 1954||August 8, 2024||23 Junior Member|
|Vacante||Associate Justice||08 Junior Member|
Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of La Naval de Manila at the 76th Anniversary of the Court of Appeals of the Philippines
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- The Philippines Court of Appeals – Official website