Philippine General Hospital

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Philippine General Hospital
Up-PhlGenHospital.png
Philippine General Hospital.JPG
PGH Main Building
Geography
Location Ermita, Manila, Philippines
Coordinates 14°34′40″N 120°59′9″E / 14.57778°N 120.98583°E / 14.57778; 120.98583Coordinates: 14°34′40″N 120°59′9″E / 14.57778°N 120.98583°E / 14.57778; 120.98583
Organisation
Care system Public
Hospital type General, Public, Teaching
Affiliated university University of the Philippines
Services
Beds 1000 indigent, 500 private
History
Founded 1907
Links
Website www.pgh.gov.ph

The Philippine General Hospital (PGH) is a tertiary state-owned hospital administered and operated by the University of the Philippines Manila, the University of the Philippines System's Health Sciences Center. It is the largest government hospital administered by the university, and is designated as the National University Hospital. It is located at Ermita, Manila in the Philippines. It is the biggest hospital in the country with a 1,500-bed capacity. It is a mixed-use hospital, with 1,000 beds for indigent patients and 500 beds for private patients, and offers some of the lowest rates for patients and is generally known as the hospital for indigent patients.

The PGH, being the largest training hospital in the country, is the laboratory hospital of health science students enrolled in the University of the Philippines. This includes students of medicine, nursing, physical therapy, pharmacy, occupational therapy, dentistry, and speech pathology.

There are 14 clinical departments—Anesthesiology, Internal Medicine, Surgery, Neurosciences, Pediatrics, Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Rehabilitation Medicine, Psychiatry, Radiology, Pathology, Emergency Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology—all of which offer residency and fellowship training. It also offers various training for paramedical specialties such as nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech pathology, radiation technology, nutrition, hospital dentistry, medical technology and EMT training.

On an average year, about 600,000 patients pass through the hospital's halls. Because of this, many organizations help the hospital. Some help the hospital directly, such as the PGH Medical Foundation and the Fr. Barbero Foundation. Others help patients by financing the cost of medications, operations and therapies. Some of these organizations are based within the University, notably the Mu Sigma Phi Fraternity and Sorority of the College of Medicine, recognized by UP Manila and the City of Manila as its outstanding organizations, LIKAS and Pagsama, both multi-college organizations and the Phi Lambda delta Sorority and Phi Kappa Mu Fraternity, also of the University of the Philippines College of Medicine.

PGH celebrated its centennial in 2007, one hundred years since the US government passed a law establishing it. The hospital has seen the worst of tropical epidemics during its early existence and the worst of the war in the 1940s. It is one of the very few Philippine hospitals that remained open all throughout the war.

Architecture[edit]

Pediment detail of PGH Administration Building

The Philippine General Hospital Administration Building is situated along Taft Avenue in Manila. It was built by architect William E. Parsons in neo-classic style that follows the Daniel Burnham plan for Manila. This plan included Manila Hotel, Army and Navy Club and the Philippine General Hospital. These were executed by his successor, Parsons included who was a city planner in the Philippines during the early period American colonization in the country. His works was a clear translation of Neoclassicism into a new hybrid of colonial tropical architecture.[1]

In 1907, The Philippine Commission passed Act No. 1688 which appropriated the sum of P780,000.00 for the construction of the Philippine General Hospital.[2] The cornerstone of the hospital was laid on February 28, 1908. The bids for the construction of the buildings were opened on July 27 and the contract was awarded to the lowest bidder, H. Thurber of the Manila Construction Company.[3] The structural works for the central administration building, a surgical pavilion with two operating rooms, a building for dispensary and out-clinic, five ward pavilions of sixty beds each, a nurses’ home, a kitchen, an ambulance stable and morgue were completed on November 30, 1909.[4] In 1910, the Philippine General Hospital opened its door to the public on September 1 and was eventually linked to the University of the Philippines College of Medicine, then the Philippine Medical School. In 1981, First Lady Imelda R. Marcos commissioned Arch. J. Ramos to undertake the master planning of the PGH renovation project.[5]

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