Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology

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Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
Surian ng Bulkanolohiya at Sesmolohiya ng Pilipinas
Phivolcs logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 17 September 1982
(31 years ago)
 (1982-09-17)
Preceding agencies Commission on Volcanology (COMVOL)
Philippine Institute of Volcanology (PHIVOLC)
Jurisdiction Republic of the Philippines Philippines
Headquarters C.P. Garcia Avenue, UP Campus, Diliman, Quezon City
14°39′6.94″N 121°3′30.68″E / 14.6519278°N 121.0585222°E / 14.6519278; 121.0585222
Agency executive DR. Renato U. Solidum JR., CESO VI, Director
Parent agency Department of Science and Technology
Website phivolcs.dost.gov.ph

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Filipino: Surian ng Bulkanolohiya at Sesmolohiya ng Pilipinas, abbreviated as PHIVOLCS) is a Philippine national institution dedicated to provide information on the activities of volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis, as well as other specialized information and services primarily for the protection of life and property and in support of economic, productivity, and sustainable development. It is one of the service agencies of the Department of Science and Technology.

PHIVOLCS monitors volcano, earthquake, and tsunami activity, and issues warnings as necessary. It is mandated to mitigate disasters that may arise from such volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other related geotectonic phenomena.[1]

History[edit]

This government organization was formed after a historical merging of official functions of government institutions.

One of its first predecessors is the Philippine Weather Bureau created in 1901 when meteorological, seismological and terrestiial magnetic services of the Manila Observatory were transferred from the Roman Catholic Church to the American Colonial Government. It performed earthquake monitoring in the country and has inherited and maintained the early earthquake catalogue at that time. By 1972, the Philippine Weather Bureau was reorganized under Presidential Decree No. 78 into the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). A UNDP-funded project for PAGASA established a twelve-station earthquake monitoring network in the country.

The other predecessor to PHIVOLCS, the Commission on Volcanology (COMVOL) was created on June 20, 1952 by Republic Act no. 766 after the disastrous eruption of Hibok-Hibok Volcano in 1952. Under Executive Order no. 784 of March 17, 1982, the umbrella department of COMVOL, the National Science Development Board (NSDB) was reorganized into the National Science and Technology Authority (NSTA), and COMVOL was restructured to become the Philippine Institute of Volcanology or PHILVOLC.

The seismological arm of PAGASA was officially transferred to PHILVOLC on September 17, 1984, renaming the institute as the Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology or PHIVOLCS. NSTA, the umbrella department for PHIVOLCS and PAG-ASA, became the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) in 1987. The technical staff and the 12-station earthquake monitoring network was fully integrated to PHIVOLCS in 1988.

PHIVOLCS was headed by Raymundo Punongbayan from 1982 to 2003, and it is currently headed by Renato U. Solidum Jr. from 2003 to the present.

Classification of volcanoes in the Philippines[edit]

In 1984, pyroclastic flows descend the south-eastern flank of Mayon Volcano, the most active volcano in the Philippines

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology provides a classification system for the volcanoes of the country.[2]

Active[edit]

Potentially active[edit]

Mt. Arayat, an inactive volcano in the Philippines.
  • Active solfataras, fumaroles, or steaming activity
  • Geologically young, possibly erupted < 10,000 years and for calderas and large systems, possibly < 25,000 years.
  • Young-looking geomorphology (thin soil cover or sparse vegetation; low degree of erosion and dissection; young vent features; with or without vegetation cover).
  • Suspected seismic activity.
  • Documented local ground deformation.
  • Geochemical indicators of magmatic involvement.
  • Geophysical proof of magma bodies.
  • Strong connection with subduction zones and external tectonic settings.

Inactive[edit]

  • No record of eruption and its form is beginning to change by the agents of weathering and erosion via formation of deep and long gullies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About PHIVOLCS". PHIVOLCS website. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  2. ^ "Volcano General Information"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°39′07″N 121°03′31″E / 14.652026°N 121.05854°E / 14.652026; 121.05854