Philippine Legion of Honor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Philippine Legion of Honor
PHL Legion of Honor Commander.png
Awarded by  Philippines
Type Single Grade Neck Order/Sash/Medal
Eligibility Military Personnel, Diplomats, Heads of States & Government
Awarded for Meritorious & Valuable Service
Status Currently Awarded
Statistics
Established 1947
First awarded 1947
Last awarded Ongoing
Precedence
Next (higher) civilian: Quezon Service Cross military: Gold Cross
Equivalent civilian Order of Lakandula, Order of Sikatuna; foreign: Legion of Merit
Next (lower) civilian: Order of National Artists, Order of National Social Scientists, Order of National Scientists, Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan, Order of Lakandula - Special Class of Champion for Life; military: Outstanding Achievement Medal
Related Legion of Merit
PHL Legion of Honor - Legionnaire BAR.png
Ribbons of Legionnaire degree

The Philippine Legion of Honor[1] (Filipino: Lehiyong Pandangal ng Pilipinas) was established by President Manuel Roxas, through Philippine Army Circular No. 60 dated July 3, 1947. The Philippine Legion of Honor was patterned after the Legion of Merit of the United States of America, and was meant to honor both civilians and members of the military, Filipino or foreign. Originally, like the U.S. Legion of Merit, the Philippine Legion of Honor only had four classes, known as Degrees, with Legionnaire being the basic rank, and Chief Commander being the highest. With the reform of the Philippine system of orders and decorations in 2003, the Philippine Legion of Honor's classes were renamed "ranks" instead of "degrees," and the ranks expanded.[2][3]

Criteria[edit]

Today, the Philippine Legion of Honor is conferred upon a Filipino or foreign citizen in recognition of valuable and meritorious service in relation to the military affairs of the Republic of the Philippines. It is thus the primary order of military merit of the Republic of the Philippines.

To signify the importance of the civil service in military affairs in the preservation of the honor of the Republic of the Philippines and in nation building, the Philippine Legion of Honor is conferred on the anniversary of the declaration of Philippine Independence.

The Philippine Legion of Honor may be awarded by the Secretary of National Defense in the name and by authority of the President of the Philippines.

Ranks[edit]

The civilian division of the Philippine Legion of Honor is composed of the following ranks:

  • Chief Commander (Punong Komandante) - Conferred upon a civilian for life achievement in public service not otherwise qualifying for the Quezon Service Cross; or upon a former or incumbent Head of State and/or of government [4]
  • Grand Commander (Marangal na Komandante) – Conferred upon a civilian for singular acts of service with a tangible impact on the Philippine military sphere; or upon a Crown Prince, Vice President, Senate President, Speaker of the House, Chief Justice or the equivalent, foreign minister or other official of cabinet rank; or upon an Ambassador, Undersecretary, Assistant Secretary, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing for life achievement in the military field
  • Grand Officer (Marangal na Pinuno) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of exemplary merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Chargé d'affaires, e.p., Minister, Minister Counselor, Consul General heading a consular post, Executive Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
  • Commander (Komandante) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of conspicuous merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Chargé d'affaires, a.i., Counselor, First Secretary, Consul General in the consular section of an Embassy, Consular officer with a personal rank higher than Second Secretary, Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
  • Officer (Pinuno) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of commendable merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Second Secretary, Consul, Assistant Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
  • Legionnaire (Lehiyonaryo) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Third Secretary, Vice Consul, Attaché, Principal Assistant, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing.

The Armed Forces of the Philippines has its own regulations governing the conferment of the Philippine Legion of Honor.

Notable Recipients[edit]

Chief Commander[edit]

PHL Legion of Honor - Chief Commander BAR.png

Grand Commander[edit]

Grand Officer[edit]

Commander[edit]

Officer[edit]

Legionnaire[edit]

This article incorporates public domain text from the library of the Philippine Congress.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ The AFP Adjutant General, AFP Awards and Decorations Handbook, 1997, OTAG, p. 18-22.
  2. ^ "ESTABLISHING THE HONORS CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES TO CREATE AN ORDER OF PRECEDENCE OF HONORS CONFERRED AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES". Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Briefer on the Philippine Legion of Honor". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Gov.ph. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  4. ^ "Quezon Service Cross". Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  5. ^ Edith Regalado (2 May 2011). "P-Noy confers Legion of Honor on Ayala". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Bulletin No. 11 from the Committee on Funeral Arrangements and Burial of the late Secretary Jesse M. Robredo". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Gov.ph. 1986-03-25. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  7. ^ Manila Bulletin, Legion of Honor Awarded to Don Jaime Zobel de Ayala
  8. ^ Philippine Star, Sergeant Pacquiao gets Legion of Honor

Bibliography[edit]

  • The AFP Adjutant General, AFP Awards and Decorations Handbook, 1995, 1997, OTAG.