Philippine Native Chicken
|Philippine Native Chicken / Philippine Native Game Fowl|
|File:Phil native chix.jpg
A Philippine Native Game Fowl pair
|Other names||Philippine Native Chicken|
|Country of origin||Philippines|
|Weight||Male: 3.0 pounds (1.4 kg)|
|Female: 2.5 pounds (1.1 kg; 0.18 st)|
|Dual purpose layer breed|
Gallus gallus domesticus
The Philippine Native Chicken is a breed of chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus). They are a utility bird, raised for meat and eggs. They are a popular choice for backyard flocks because of their egg laying abilities and hardiness.
The bird's feathers are varied due to their mixed heritage. One of the colors are red that resembles the Red junglefowl. Their eyes are red-orange and would sometimes vary depending on w/c breed they came from. Chicks are a light red to tan color with two dark brown bars running down. See below:
Dalusapi and Mayahin - These chickens have reddish-brown plumage resembling the Philippine "labuyo" or the Red junglefowl. The shanks of the Dalusapi are yellow or white while that of the Mayahin are slate or black. They can have white earlobes.
Greys - The Greys has bluish-green plumage. The shanks are either yellow, white, black or grey. They can have white earlobes.
Dom - The plumage of this type has alternating barrings of black, white, grey and sometimes, reddish-brown. The shanks are either yellow, grey or white. They resemble the Sussex (chicken) breed and can have white earlobes.
White - This has a solid white plumage with yellow, white or slate shanks. They resemble the Plymouth Rock (chicken) breed and can have white earlobes.
Ash - This is the smokey-white to almost brownish-grey type. They resemble the Andalusian (chicken) breed. The shanks can be yellow, grey or white. They can have white earlobes.
Lasak - This chicken has brown to grey plumage with white spots. They can have white earlobes.
Black - The plumage of this type is solid black with either black or yellow their backs. They resemble the Australorp breed. They can have white earlobes.
The roosters usually weigh in at 5.5 pounds (2.5 kg), the hens slightly less at 4.5 pounds (2.0 kg), cockerels at 1.5 pounds (0.68 kg), and pullets at 0.5 pounds (0.23 kg).
Developed in the Philippines through crossbreeding of various fowl breeds and strains and one of them is the red junglefowl. The red junglefowl would often mingle, feed and breed with them as sometimes they would wander in the forests looking for food and one of the reasons why they're a flighty, hardy bird capable of adapting to local conditions. Due to their mixed heritage, hens will develop spurs like males do although it is not a main occurrence.
There are 3 breeds of Philippine Native Chicken
The Parawakan fowl resembles the Asil fowl of India.
Rose-combed and is predominantly black in color. Upright tail and is black in color with some white feathers at the base. Rose comb with bright red earlobes, can have white earlobes. Long-legged heavy breed, stands upright with yellow to gray shanks.
Plumage colors may vary.
The Banaba fowl is a staight-combed breed.
Black breasted with red-orange hackle feathers in roosters. Hens are wheaten in color, straight-combed. Black Tail feathers on both sexes. Straight-comb with bright red earlobes, can have white earlobes. Stands upright with slate colored shanks. Plumage colors may vary.
The Joloanon fowl resembles the Asil fowl of India.
Pea combed with brown red-orange feathering with streaks of black, white color Hens are brown and had brown-black hackle feathers
Black Tail feathers on both sexes. Straight-comb with bright red earlobes, can have white earlobes. Heavy breed, stands upright with yellow to gray shanks. Plumage colors may vary.
Other known strains:
Predominantly black in color. Known for its gameness or courage as a fighting cock, often used in cockfighting.
Camarines Sur or CAM SUR strain
Red and barred colors. Currently known for meat and egg production in the region.
A utility, straight-combed breed, yellow-skinned primarily because of being raised in the range. Raised for meat and eggs. Plumage colors may vary.
Known as "manok bisaya". Breed is used for the well-known delicacy, "chicken-inasal", a roasted chicken delicacy that is unique in taste in Visayas region and is served in restaurants. Plumage colors may vary.
The Philippine Native Chicken is often being used as a fighting cock in cock fighting and sometimes its gameness is a question as it is not really intended for that purpose. In the villages and farmlands, they are more of a utility breed where eggs and meat is the main basis of the reason why this fowl is being raised. Another is they could live off from tablescraps and by letting them look for their own food in the range, it allows them to eradicate insects and pests.
There are some efforts to cross and upgrade the Philippine Native Chicken with Cantonese, KABIR from Israel, SASSO, Grimaud Freres chicken from France, and recently the Hubbard JA57 and RedBro Line. These birds resemble some of the American breeds such as the Rhode Island Red. These imported breeds of chicken is being distributed throughout the country as only few people have these birds in their backyards. These are efforts to improve the current physique, overall appearance and weight that is good for the table. Crosses from these breeds has enhanced the capabilities of the birds for adaptability to local conditions.
The Philippine Native Chicken are friendly chickens with a good nature. They are very good pets for children, but they can get aggressive when annoyed.
Philippine Native Chicken are tough birds, resistant to illness, good at foraging and free ranging, and typically docile, quiet, and friendly. Although they are widely known as good layers through cold periods, if the coop temperature drops below freezing (0 °C (32 °F)), their output drops considerably, and the tips of their combs become very susceptible to frostbite.
Although usually friendly, Philippine Native Chicken roosters, and sometimes hens, can be quite aggressive towards young children and adults. Most roosters will also attack strangers (humans or animals) if they feel nervous or have never seen the intruder. They are usually friendlier with familiar people, such as those responsible for feeding. Both hens and roosters are known to be aggressive with other chickens, especially in confinement.
Even though they can have an aggressive nature, if raised properly and lovingly, they can be quite loving. They will come when called or when they can see their owner and will walk with him/her just as a dog would. It has even been reported that one Native hen was a "lap chicken", who would walk over and climb into the lap of their owner who was sitting in the grass. These chickens care for each other as well, and often stay in a group.
Frequent layers, Philippine Native Chicken are noted for their white eggs. They are good egg layers, but get broody after about a dozen eggs, and then after raising the chicks on their proper age, they stop for a certain timeframe before they can lay again. With improvements in food technology for gamefowl, the hens are allowed to rest for a time before they can be allowed to be bred again.
In Popular Culture
In the 1970s the TV show "Ang Manok ni San Pedro" features a White game fowl rooster that was borrowed by Teban from Saint Peter.
- Raymond, Francine (2001). The Big Book of Garden Hens. Kitchen Garden Books, ISBN 0-9532857-3-1
- Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens: Care / Feeding / Facilities (Paperback)ISBN 978-1580173254
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