Philippine Rice Research Institute
|Philippine Rice Research Institute|
PhilRice main office building in Muñoz, Nueva Ecija
|Formed||May 11, 1985|
|Type||Research institute and Government corporation|
|Jurisdiction||Government of the Philippines|
|Headquarters||Maligaya, Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines
|Agency executive||Eufemio T. Rasco, Jr., Executive Director|
|Parent department||Department of Agriculture|
The Philippine Rice Research Institute, more popularly known by its shortened name PhilRice, is a Philippine rice research institute and a government-owned and controlled corporation based in Maligaya, Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Rice being the staple crop of the country, the research institute was created in order to develop a national rice research program in order to sustain and improve the gains of rice production. It was also created to improve the income and economic condition of the Filipino rice farmers, expand employment opportunities in the rural countryside, and promote the welfare of the Filipino people through self-sufficiency in rice productivity.
In March 1985, then University of the Philippines System President Edgardo J. Angara convened a committee in UP Diliman to brainstorm on the establishment of a national rice research institute. The committee was later called the Executive Committee which was composed of brothers Domingo M. Lantican and Ricardo M. Latican of the University of the Philippines Los Baños, Domingo F. Panganiban of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Ramon V. Valmayor of the PCARRD, M.S. Swaminathan of the International Rice Research Institute, and Manuel de Leon of the National Economic and Development Authority. After the brainstorming, a technical committee chaired by Ricardo M. Latican was formed to draft the proposal. The proposal was submitted in May 1985 to President Ferdinand E. Marcos through Salvador H. Escudero III, the Minister of Agriculture and Food.
The proposal was officially signed by Marcos on November 5, 1985 as Executive Order (EO) No. 1061 creating the Philippine Rice Research Institute. On November 7, 1986, President Corazon C. Aquino amended the section 4 of EO No. 1061 increasing the Board of Trustees, the highest policy-making body of the research institute, membership from eight to twelve.
On September 28, 2005, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation gave PhilRice a US$ 800,000 grant for biotechnology research into rice with higher beta-carotene, vitamin E, iron, and protein amounts to aiding micronutrient deficiency in Third World countries like the Philippines. Dr. Rhodora R. Aldemita and the University of Freiburg which heads the Gates Foundation's Grand Challenges in Global Health Program, has matched the Gates Foundation's grant with funding into PhilRice's biotech laboratories, a radioisotope laboratory, and screenhouses for testing the modified rice.
On December 4, 2006 the Philippine Rice Research Institute was certified by Technischer Überwachungsverein as an Integrated Management Systems (IMS) compliant organization covering ISO 14001 series 2004 for Environmental Management; ISO 9001 series 2008 for Quality Management; and OHSAS 18001 series 2007 for Occupational Health and Safety Assessment.
In February 2013, the research institute was awarded with US$ 100,000 from the Arab Gulf Programme for Development, a non-profit development organization based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The institute was awarded for its program that helps farmers and agriculture professionals in providing them information in an open academy. The project also provides assistance through mobile messaging, thereby allowing the institute to reach more farmers in the country.
|Executive Directors of PhilRice|
|Name||Tenure of office|
|Santiago R. Obien||1987 - 2000|
|Leocadio S. Sebastian||2000 - 2008|
|Ronilo A. Beronio||2008 - 2011|
|Eufemio Rasco, Jr.||2011 - Present|
The Board of Trustees is composed of twelve members representing all sectors and stakeholders of the rice industry. The membership to the Board is done through the appointments of the President of the Philippines. Currently, the Board is composed of Agriculture Secretary Proceso J. Alcala who also sits as the ex-officio chairperson; Senen C. Bacani representing the agribusiness community; Dr. Gelia T. Castillo and CMU President Dr. Maria Luisa R. Soliven both representing the science community; Herculano C. Co, Jr.of grains business sector; Winston C. Corvera of the farming sector; Thelma G. Domingo and Edicia G. Della Torre both from the consumer sector; Jose S. Concepcion, Jr. of the business community; and Dr. Teodora C. Mendoza of the academic community. Dr. Castillo has been a member of the Board of Trustee since it was first formed.
The Philippine Rice Research Institute has numerous interdisciplinary programs which develops and promotes technologies that are ecosystem-based, location- and problem-specific, and profitable to the Filipino farmers. The interdisciplinary programs were as follows: Direct-seeded irrigated lowland rice, Transplanted irrigated lowland rice, Hybrid rice, Rice for adverse environments, Rice-based farming systems, Rice and rice-based products, Policy research and advocacy, and Technology promotion.
The Research Institute also carried the seven R&D program structure from 1987 to 1998. These were Rice Varietal Improvement, Planting and Fertilizer Management, Integrated Pest Management, Rice-based Farming Systems, Rice Engineering and mechanization, Rice Chemistry and Food Science, and Social Science and Policy Research. A change to its R&D structure was implemented from 1998 to 2005. Each multidisciplinary R&D program was carried by the different discipline-based divisions and each division participated in each R&D programs, as follows: Policy Research and Advocacy, Technology Promotion, Rice and Rice-based Products, Rice-Based Farming systems for Fragile Environment, Hybrid Rice, Transplanted Irrigated Lowland Rice, Direct Seeded Irrigated Lowland Rice, and Environmental Sustainability & Management.
PhilRice collaborated with numerous academic institutions such as the University of the Philippines Los Baños and the Central Luzon State University for developing different varieties of rice. It also forged with numerous international research centers and organizations such as Phil-Sino Center for Agricultural Technology (PhilSCAT), Korean Project on International Agriculture (KOPIA) and Breeding Heat-Tolerant Rice Project of ASEAN-Korea Economic Cooperation, for developing new rice varieties and hybrids.
|Philippine Rice Research Institute|
- "Executive Order No. 1061 – Establishing the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PRPI)". Arellano Law Foundation. November 5, 1985. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "Philippine Rice Research Institute - Employees Manual". Philippine Rice Research Institute. November 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "Executive Order No. 60 - Amending Section 4 of Executive Order No. 1061, entitled "Establishing the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PRPI)"". Arellano Law Foundation. November 7, 1986. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- Nelson S. Garcia (October 14, 2005). "PhilRice receives grant for multi-nutrient rice research". Checkbiotech. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "PhilRice Milestones". Philippine Rice Research Institute. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "PhilRice program awarded $100,000". ABS-CBN News. February 28, 20113. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Philippine Rice Research Institute Officials". Philippine Rice Research Institute. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
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