Philippine Senate election, 1946

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Philippine Senate election, 1946
Philippines
1941 ←
April 23, 1946 → 1947

16 (of the 24) seats in the Senate
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  JoseAvelino.jpg Carlos P Garcia.jpg Vicente Yap Sotto 1.jpg
Leader José Avelino Carlos P. Garcia Vicente Sotto
Party Nacionalista (Liberal wing) Nacionalista Popular Front
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large
Seats before 3 (3 up) 20 (13 up) 0
Seats won 8 7 1
Seats after 9 14 1
Seat change Increase 6 Decrease 6 Increase 1
Popular vote 8,626,965 7,454,074 1,199,138
Percentage 47.7% 41.2% 6.6%

Senate President before election

Manuel Roxas
Nacionalista (Liberal wing)

Elected Senate President

José Avelino
Nacionalista (Liberal wing)

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

The Elections for the members of the Senate held on April 23, 1946 (pursuant to Commonwealth Act No. 725).

Background[edit]

Soon after the reconstitution of the Commonwealth Government in 1945 Senators Manuel Roxas, Elpidio Quirino and their allies called for the holding on an early national election to choose the president and vice president of the Philippines and members of the Congress. In December, 1945 the House Insular Affairs of the United States Congress approved the joint resolution setting the election date at not later than April 30, 1946.

Prompted by this congressional action, President Sergio Osmeña called the Philippine Congress to a three-day special session. Congress enacted Commonwealth Act No. 725, setting the election on April 23, 1946, and was approved by President Osmeña on January 5, 1946.

Results[edit]

The election was generally peaceful and orderly except in some places where passions ran high, especially in the province of Pampanga. According to the controversial decision of the Electoral Tribunal of the House of Representatives on Meliton Soliman vs. Luis Taruc, Pampanga was under the terroristic clutches and control of the Hukbalahaps.So terrorized were the people of Arayat, at one time, 200 persons abandoned their homes, their work, and their food, all their belongings in a mass evacuation to the poblacion due to fear and terror.

The Liberal Party won nine out of 16 contested senatorial seats; the first eight Senators would serve until 1951, and the second eight until 1949:

Per candidate[edit]

e • d Summary of the April 23, 1946 Philippine Senate election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes %
1 Vicente Francisco Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 735,671 28.6%
2 Vicente Sotto Popular Front 717,225 27.9%
3 José Avelino Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 708,420 27.6%
4 Melecio Arranz Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 666,700 25.9%
5 Ramon Torres Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 640,477 24.9%
6 Tomas Confesor Nacionalista 627,354 24.4%
7 Mariano Jesus Cuenco Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 623,650 24.3%
8 Carlos P. Garcia Nacionalista 617,542 24.0%
9 Olegario Clarin Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 611,227 23.8%
10 Alejo Mabanag Nacionalista 608,902 23.7%
11 Enrique B. Magalona Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 591,796 23.0%
12 Tomas Cabili Nacionalista 589,762 22.9%
13 Jose O. Vera Nacionalista 588,993 22.9%
14 Ramon Diokno Nacionalista 583,598 22.7%
15 Jose Romero1 Nacionalista 563,816 21.9%
16 Salipada K. Pendatun Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 557,156 21.7%
17 Prospero Sanidad Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 556,772 21.7%
18 Vicente dela Cruz Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 544,621 21.2%
19 Servillano dela Cruz Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 536,995 20.9%
20 Pedro Magsalin Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 516,127 20.1%
21 Antonio Paguia Laborite 505,770 19.7%
22 Santiago Fonacier Nacionalista 499,565 19.4%
23 Antonio Araneta Nacionalista 491,054 19.1%
24 Emilio Javier Popular Front 481,913 18.8%
25 Eduardo Cojuangco Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 481,683 18.7%
26 Pedro S. Reyes Nacionalista 465,987 18.1%
27 Jose Altavas Nacionalista 461,014 17.9%
28 Rafael Martinez Nacionalista 449,534 17.5%
29 Vicente Lava Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 431,842 16.8%
30 Mariano Garchitorena Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 423,828 16.5%
31 Pedro Insua Nacionalista 403,561 15.7%
32 Pascual Azanza Nacionalista 397,835 15.5%
33 Carlos Padilla Modernist 75,066 2.9%
34 D. Gutierrez Nacionalista 49,037 1.9%
35 Francisco Zandueta Nacionalista (Independent) 47,802 1.9%
36 Ramon Lopez Democratic Alliance 44,718 1.7%
37 Vicente Ocampo Modernist 43,872 1.7%
38 Jose C. Soto Modernist 35,408 1.4%
39 Asa-ad Usman Nacionalista 28,924 1.1%
40 Timoteo Consing Nacionalista 27,597 1.1%
41 Emilia T. del Rosario Modernist 25,586 1.0%
42 Manuel Silos Modernist 23,344 0.9%
43 Miguel Anzures Modernist 20,441 0.8%
44 Jose Climaco Modernist 20,231 0.8%
45 Ismael Golez National Welfare Service 17,069 0.7%
46 Dominador Santiago Modernist 16,553 0.6%
47 Casiano Rosales Modernist 14,949 0.6%
48 Carlos V. Tolosa Modernist 13,527 0.5%
49 Paul Verzosa National Welfare Service 12,094 0.5%
50 Godofredo Calub Modernist 11,498 0.4%
51 Jesus Infante Modernist 10,487 0.4%
52 Melchor Lagasca National Welfare Service 10,323 0.4%
53 Felix E. Rey Modernist 9,787 0.4%
54 Rosendo Zaldarriaga Democrat (Osmeña) 9,656 0.4%
55 Pasto Lavadia Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 7,864 0.3%
56 Constancio P. Cecilio Modernist 7,807 0.3%
57 Marcelino Josue Modernist 4,604 0.2%
Total turnout 2,569,880 89.6%
Total votes 18,081,774 N/A
Registered voters 2,898,604 100.0%
Source:[1]
^1 Replaced by Prospero Sanidad as a result of an election protest.

Per party[edit]

Party Popular vote Seats
Total % Won 1941 End 1st 2nd +/−
Start %
Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 8,626,965 47.7% 8 0 3 9 37.5% Increase 6
Nacionalista 7,454,074 41.2% 7 24 20 14 62.5% Decrease 6
Popular Front 1,199,138 6.6% 1 0 0 1 4.2% Increase 1
Laborite 505,770 2.8% 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Modernist 203,276 1.1% 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Independent 47,802 0.3% 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Democratic Alliance 44,718 0.2% 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Totals 18,081,774 100.00% 16 24 23 24 100.0% Increase 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christof Hartmann; Graham Hassall; Soliman M. Santos, Jr. (2001). Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz and Christof Hartmann, ed. Elections in Asia and the Pacific Vol. II. Oxford University Press. pp. 185–230. ISBN 0199249598. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]