Philippine Senate election, 2007

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Philippine Senate election, 2007
Philippines
2004 ←
May 14, 2007 → 2010
members

12 (of the 24) seats in the Senate of the Philippines
13 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Manny Villar T'nalak Festival 2009.jpg
Leader Francis Pangilinan Manny Villar Juan Miguel Zubiri
Party Liberal Nacionalista Lakas
Alliance GO GO TEAM Unity
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large
Last election 2 seats, 11.8% Did not participate 4 seats, 31.7%
Seats before 4 2 6
Seats won 2 2 1
Seats after 4 3 4
Seat change Steady Increase 1 Decrease 2
Popular vote 28,843,415 27,125,724 59,973,862
Percentage 10.7% 10.1% 22.3%
Swing Decrease 1.1% Increase 10.1% Decrease 5.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Juan Ponce Enrile.jpg EdAngara.jpg
Leader Juan Ponce Enrile Edgardo Angara
Party PMP LDP
Alliance GO TEAM Unity
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large
Last election 2 seats, 12.0% 1 seat, 5.2%
Seats before 4 2
Seats won 0 1
Seats after 2 2
Seat change Decrease 2 Steady
Popular vote Did not participate 12,657,538
Percentage 0.0% 4.7%
Swing Decrease 12.0% Decrease 0.5%

Senate President before election

Manny Villar
Nacionalista

Elected Senate President

Manny Villar
Nacionalista

Election to the Senate of the Philippines was held on Monday, May 14, 2007. This is to elect 12 of the 24 seats in the Senate. Together with those elected in 2004, they will comprise the 14th Congress via plurality-at-large voting. The senators elected in 2004 will serve until June 30, 2010, while the senators elected in this election will serve up to June 30, 2013. The elections to the House of Representatives as well as local elections occurred on the same date. The Philippines uses plurality-at-large voting for seats in the Senate.

In the election, the opposition-backed alliance called the Genuine Opposition (GO) defeated the administration-led alliance TEAM Unity by winning seven of the twelve seats in the Senate. For the first time in Philippine history, Antonio Trillanes IV was elected as a senator while currently detained for mutiny and rebellion charges. Almost the incumbents running for reelection won except for Ralph Recto who was at fourteenth place.

Official candidates[edit]

On March 19, 2007 COMELEC released Resolution No.7832 which finalized and approved the official candidates for the senatorial election. On March 29, 2007 COMELEC certified 37 Senatorial Candidates:[1]

Background[edit]

COMELEC issues[edit]

The Old COMELEC Building after being razed by fire on March 11, 2007.

On March 11, 2007 the Old COMELEC Building in Intramuros, Manila was burned by a blazing fire ruining several ballot boxes and pending election protests. The Genuine Opposition considered the fire as political act which ended in burning of several election protests and contested ballot boxes. Investigators found out that instead of arson, it was the generator of the building which caused and since the building was built with tar and wood it would easily razed by fire. The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) is facing scrutiny because of the fire that hit its old building on March 11 resulting in speculations of conspiracies to cheat on the May 14 elections [2]. The COMELEC was also lambasted for publishing on the internet the names, addresses and details of registered voters. [3]

The Aquino issue[edit]

Three people with the name Aquino filed their candidacies (Benigno Aquino III, Teresa Aquino-Oreta and Theodore Aquino), and there was confusion as to who is credited with a vote if someone wrote only "Aquino" on the ballot. Since Theodore Aquino was disqualified because he had dual citizenship and former Sen. Teresa Aquino-Oreta has the last name Oreta, COMELEC ruled that all votes with only the name Aquino would go to Tarlac Rep. Benigno Aquino III. All three Aquinos are related to each other.

The Cayetano issue[edit]

The matter was the same as the Aquino issue. Representative Alan Peter Cayetano (Taguig City-Pateros) found out that a certain Joselito Pepito "Peter" Cayetano belonging to the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) filed his candidacy with the nickname "Peter" which was really "Jojo". Alan therefore filed a disqualification case (SPA 07-019) against Jojo. Jojo was declared a nuisance candidate by the COMELEC resolution on March 27, 2007.

Jojo then filed for a motion for reconsideration which was eventually rejected on May 11, 2007 but COMELEC did not remove his name from the Official List of Senatorial Candidates and ruled on May 12, 2007 that all votes with only the name "CAYETANO" will be stray votes (discarded) and therefore not counted to either the candidates until Supreme Court resolved the matter. The COMELEC said that Jojo could file a motion for reconsideration at the Supreme Court within five days.

Coalitions and party groupings[edit]

TEAM Unity[edit]

TEAM (Together Everyone Achieves More) Unity is the administration-backed coalition composed mostly of supporters and erstwhile critics of current Philippine president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. TEAM Unity seeks to take several Senate seats in order to ensure the passage of President Arroyo's legislative programs and also to protect her from any impeachment attempts by the political opposition after the midterm elections. Team Unity is composed by different major political parties in the country such as the Lakas – Christian Muslim Democrats (Lakas-CMD), Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI), Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC), Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP), and the Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas (PDSP). The campaign team of TEAM Unity is headed by veteran political strategist Reli German (campaign manager), Tourism Secretary Ace Durano (spokesperson) and Ike Rodriguez (campaign director). TEAM Unity had their proclamation rally at the Cebu Coliseum last February 17, 2007.

Genuine Opposition[edit]

Genuine Opposition (GO) is the main opposition-backed coalition of the parties' senatorial line-up for the elections, which is in opposition to President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. It was originally called the "United Opposition" (UNO), created by opposition stalwart and Makati City Mayor Jejomar Binay on June 2005 to unite all politicians who wanted to impeach President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. UNO then reorganized itself and changed its name to Grand and Broad Coalition (GBC), with the UNO party under that coalition. On February 15, 2007 the group changed its name again to Genuine Opposition after a meeting with Senate President Manny Villar in his office in Las Piñas City.

Campaign[edit]

Candidates made use of different campaign platforms to win. Prospero Pichay, Manny Villar, Mike Defensor, and Loren Legarda had been very visible in TV ads. Francis Pangilinan preferred to run as an independent and decided not to participate in sorties and campaign of the Genuine Opposition, even though he was initially drafted as a guest candidate. Tessie Aquino-Oreta had raised different reactions in her TV ad campaign asking the people’s forgiveness being the “dancing queen” during the impeachment of deposed President Joseph Estrada. Some candidates like Chiz Escudero, Vic Magsaysay, Kiko Pangilinan, Joker Arroyo, Antonio Trillanes and Koko Pimentel made use of the internet by joining networks sites like Friendster; making or updating Wikipedia entries, establishing blogs and websites and airing the commercials on YouTube.

Candidates[edit]

Retiring and term-limited incumbents[edit]

At this point in time, two Senators are voluntarily retiring from the Senate at the end of their current term. As well four Senators are term-limited by the Constitution of the Philippines after serving two consecutive terms. There was one vacancy left in the outgoing Senate as Noli de Castro (Independent) was elected as Vice-President in 2004.

Lakas-CMD incumbents[edit]

Liberal Party incumbent[edit]

Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino incumbents[edit]

Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan incumbent[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

Opinion polling (locally known as "surveys") is carried out by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations (SWS), and Pulse Asia, with a handful of minor polling firms. A typical poll asks a voter to name twelve persons one would vote for in the senate election.

Winning candidates[edit]

Pollster Pulse Asia[2] SWS[3] Pulse Asia[4] SWS[3] Pulse Asia[5] SWS[3] SWS[3]
Date(s) administered January 25–28, 2007 February 22–27, 2007 February 26–March 5, 2007 March 15–18, 2007 April 3–5, 2007 April 14–17, 2007 May 2–4, 2007
Sample size 1,200 1,200 1,200 1,200 1,200 1,200 1,200
Margin of error ±3.0% ±3.0% ±3.0% ±3.0% ±3.0% ±3.0% ±3.0%
Candidates (Party; ticket) 1    Legarda (NPC; GO), 46.6%    Pangilinan (LP; Ind), 57%    Legarda (NPC; GO), 56.8%    Legarda (NPC; GO), 58%    Legarda (NPC; GO), 56.8%    Legarda (NPC; GO), 58%    Legarda (NPC; GO), 59%
2    Lacson (UNO; GO), 34.6%
   Pangilinan (LP; Ind), 34.6%
   Legarda (NPC; GO), 54%    Lacson (UNO; GO), 41.1%    Villar (NP; GO), 57%    Escudero (NPC; GO), 47.2%    Villar (NP; GO), 45%    Villar (NP; GO), 46%
3    Villar (NP; GO), 52%    Pangilinan (LP; Ind), 39.4%    Pangilinan (LP; Ind), 48%    Villar (NP; GO), 47.0%    Escudero (NPC; GO), 41%
   Lacson (UNO; GO), 41%
   Escudero (NPC; GO), 43%
4    Cayetano (NP; GO), 31.7%    Cayetano (NP; GO), 43%    Escudero (NPC; GO), 35.5%    Lacson (UNO; GO), 42%    Lacson (UNO; GO), 43.9%    Pangilinan (LP; Ind), 41%
5    Sotto (NPC; TU), 28.8%    Lacson (UNO; GO), 42%    Recto (Lakas; TU), 35.2%    Escudero (NPC; GO), 40%    Pangilinan (LP; Ind), 38.8%    Pangilinan (LP; Ind), 39%    Lacson (UNO; GO), 39%
6    Villar (NP; GO), 26.4%    Recto (Lakas; TU), 37%    Villar (NP; GO), 35.0%    Cayetano (NP; GO), 39%    Cayetano (NP; GO), 38.2%    Recto (Lakas; TU), 36%    Recto (Lakas; TU), 36%
   Aquino (LP; GO), 36%
7    Recto (Lakas; TU), 26.0%    Escudero (NPC; GO), 36%    Arroyo (KAMPI; TU), 34.5%    Recto (Lakas; TU), 37%    Honasan (Ind; Ind), 35.7%    Angara (LDP; TU), 35%
8    Arroyo (KAMPI; TU), 25.8%    Sotto (NPC; TU), 31%    Aquino (LP; GO), 34.2%    Angara (LDP; TU), 32%    Aquino (LP; GO), 35.5%    Arroyo (KAMPI; TU), 32%    Cayetano (NP; GO), 34%
9    Ejercito (PMP; GO), 25.7%    Aquino (LP; GO), 30%
   Osmeña (UNO; GO), 30%
   Angara (LDP; TU), 32.1%    Honasan (Ind; Ind), 29%    Recto (Lakas; TU), 35.4%    Cayetano (NP; GO), 31%    Honasan (Ind; Ind), 32%
   Zubiri (Lakas; TU), 32%
10    Pimentel (PDP Laban; GO), 24.4%    Cayetano (NP; GO), 30.9%    Aquino (LP; GO), 28%
   Arroyo (KAMPI; TU), 28%
   Angara (LDP; TU), 35.2%    Sotto (NPC; TU), 30%
11    Angara (LDP; TU), 24.0%    Arroyo (KAMPI; TU), 29%    Honasan (Ind; Ind), 27.3%    Arroyo (KAMPI; TU), 33.4%

   Honasan (Ind; Ind), 28%
   Aquino (LP; GO), 28%
   Pimentel (PDP Laban; GO), 28%

   Arroyo (KAMPI; TU), 31%
   Angara (LDP; TU), 35%

12    Honasan (Ind; Ind), 23.3%    Honasan (Ind; Ind), 28%    Sotto (NPC; TU), 25.4%

   Sotto (NPC; TU), 26%
   Osmeña (UNO; GO), 26%

   Zubiri (Lakas; TU), 32.0%
13    Escudero (NPC; GO), 23.2%

   Pimentel (PDP Laban; GO), 27%
   Angara (LDP; TU), 27%

   Pimentel (PDP Laban; GO), 23.1%    Pimentel (PDP Laban; GO), 30.1%    Sotto (NPC; TU), 26%
14    Aquino (LP; GO), 22.5%    Magsaysay (Lakas; TU), 22.4%    Pimentel (PDP Laban; GO), 25%    Sotto (NPC; TU), 29.2%    Zubiri (Lakas; TU), 25%    Pimentel (PDP Laban; GO), 25%
15    Osmeña (UNO; GO), 17.9%    Defensor (Lakas; TU), 21%    Roco (Aksyon; GO), 22.4%    Defensor (Lakas; TU), 21%    Roco (Aksyon; GO), 23%    Roco (Aksyon; GO), 27.1%    Defensor (Lakas; TU), 24%
   Trillanes (UNO; GO), 24%
None
Refused
Undecided
12.2% 14% 10% 10.6% 8.8% 12% 13%

Composition[edit]

Candidates who were not make it to the top 12, but were within the margin of error from the 12th-placed candidate, are denoted by figures inside the parenthesis.

Pollster Date(s) administered Sample
size
Margin of
error
Parties Coalitions
KAMPI Lakas LDP LP NP NPC PDP
Laban
UNO Ind GO Ind TEAM Unity
SWS[3] May 2–4, 2007 1,200 ±3.0% 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 6 2 4
SWS[3] Apr 14–17, 2007 1,200 ±3.0% 1 1(+1) 1 2 2 3 1 1 1 6(+1) 2 4(+1)
Pulse Asia[4] Apr 3–5, 2007 1,200 ±3.0% 1 2 1 2 2 3 0(+1) 2 1 7(+1) 2 4
SWS[3] Mar 15–18, 2007 1,200 ±3.0% 1 1 1 2 2 3 0(+1) 1(+1) 1 6(+1) 2 5
Pulse Asia[4] Feb 26–Mar 5, 2007 1,200 ±3.0% 1 1(+1) 1 2 2 3 0(+1) 1 1 6(+2) 2 4(+1)
SWS[3] Feb 22–27, 2007 1,200 ±3.0% 1 1 0(+1) 2 2 3 0(+1) 2 1 6(+1) 2 4(+1)
Pulse Asia[2] Jan 25–28, 2007 1,200 ±3.0% 1 1 1 1(+1) 2 2(+1) 1 1 1 5(+2) 2 4

Result[edit]

Per candidate[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 14, 2007 Philippine Senate election results
Rank Candidate Coalition Party Votes %
1. Loren Legarda Genuine Opposition NPC 18,501,734 62.7%
2. Francis Escudero Genuine Opposition NPC 18,265,307 61.9%
3. Panfilo Lacson Genuine Opposition UNO 15,509,188 52.6%
4. Manny Villar Genuine Opposition Nacionalista 15,338,412 52.0%
5. Francis Pangilinan Not affiliated Liberal 14,534,678 49.3%
6. Benigno Aquino III Genuine Opposition Liberal 14,309,349 48.5%
7. Edgardo Angara TEAM Unity LDP 12,657,769 42.9%
8. Joker Arroyo TEAM Unity KAMPI 11,803,107 40.0%
9. Alan Peter Cayetano Genuine Opposition Nacionalista 11,787,679 40.0%
10. Gregorio Honasan Not affiliated Independent 11,605,531 39.3%
11. Antonio Trillanes IV Genuine Opposition UNO 11,189,671 37.9%
12. Juan Miguel Zubiri1 TEAM Unity Lakas 11,005,866 37.3%
13. Aquilino Pimentel III Genuine Opposition PDP-Laban 10,984,347 37.2%
14. Ralph Recto TEAM Unity Lakas 10,721,252 36.3%
15. Mike Defensor TEAM Unity Lakas 9,938,995 33.7%
16. Prospero Pichay, Jr. TEAM Unity Lakas 9,798,622 33.2%
17. Sonia Roco Genuine Opposition Aksyon 8,457,748 28.7%
18. Cesar Montano TEAM Unity Lakas 7,800,451 26.4%
19. Tito Sotto TEAM Unity NPC 7,638,361 25.9%
20. John Henry Osmeña Genuine Opposition UNO 7,267,048 24.6%
21. Vicente Magsaysay TEAM Unity Lakas 6,357,905 21.4%
22. Nikki Coseteng Genuine Opposition Independent 5,274,682 17.9%
23. Tessie Aquino-Oreta TEAM Unity NPC 4,362,065 14.8%
24. Luis Singson TEAM Unity Lakas 4,353,644 14.8%
25. Richard Gomez Not affiliated Independent 2,725,664 9.2%
26. Jamalul Kiram III TEAM Unity PDSP 2,488,994 8.4%
27. Melchor Chavez Not affiliated KBL 843,702 2.9%
28. Martin Bautista Not affiliated Ang Kapatiran 761,165 2.6%
29. Zosimo Jesus Paredes II Not affiliated Ang Kapatiran 713,817 2.4%
30. Joselito Pepito Cayetano Not affiliated KBL 510,366 1.7%
31. Adrian Sison Not affiliated Ang Kapatiran 402,331 1.4%
32. Oliver Lozano Not affiliated KBL 305,647 1.0%
33. Antonio Estrella Not affiliated KBL 285,488 1.0%
34. Victor Wood Not affiliated KBL 283,036 1.0%
35. Felix Cantal Not affiliated PGRP 123,608 0.4%
36. Eduardo Orpilla Not affiliated KBL 107,532 0.4%
37. Ruben Enciso Not affiliated KBL 100,523 0.3%
Total turnout 29,498,660 100.0%
Total votes 269,108,854 N/A
Registered voters 45,029,443 65.51%
Note: 37 candidates ran for senator. Source: COMELEC.gov.ph website
^1 Replaced by Aquilino Pimentel III as per decision of Senate Electoral Tribunal dated August 11, 2011.

Per coalition[edit]

Coalition Total votes  % Seats
won
 %
GO 136,883,341 50.9% 7 58.3%
TEAM Unity 98,923,052 36.8% 3 25.0%
Others 33,302,461 12.4% 2 12.4%
Totals 269,108,854 100.0% 12 100.0%

Per party[edit]

Party Popular vote Breakdown Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Not up Won End 13th 14th % +/−
Lakas 59,973,862 22.3% Decrease 9.5% 7 3 3 1 6 4 12.5% Decrease 2
NPC 48,766,327 18.1% Increase 18.1% 4 0 0 2 0 2 8.3% Increase 2
UNO 33,965,338 12.6% Increase 12.6% 3 1 0 2 1 2 16.7% Increase 1
Liberal 28,843,415 10.7% Decrease 1.1% 2 2 2 2 4 4 16.7% Steady
Nacionalista 27,125,724 10.1% Increase 10.1% 2 1 1 2 2 3 12.5% Increase 1
LDP 12,657,538 4.7% Increase 4.7% 1 1 1 1 2 2 8.3% Steady
KAMPI 11,802,870 4.4% Increase 4.4% 1 1 0 1 1 1 4.2% Steady
PDP-Laban 10,984,807 4.1% Increase 4.1% 1 1 1 0 1 1 4.2% Steady
Aksyon 8,457,710 3.1% Decrease 0.5% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
PDSP 2,488,553 0.9% Increase 0.9% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
KBL 2,436,193 0.9% Increase 0.7% 7 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Ang Kapatiran 1,877,293 0.7% Increase 0.7% 3 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
PGRP 123,602 0.0% Increase 0.0% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
PMP 0 0.0% Decrease 2.2% 0 1 3 0 4 2 0.0% Decrease 2
PRP 0 0.0% Decrease 4.8% 0 0 1 0 1 1 0.0% Steady
Independents 19,605,622 7.3% Decrease 0.5% 3 0 0 1 1 1 8.3% Steady
Totals 269,109,091 100.0% -- 37 11 12 12 23 23 95.8% Steady