Philippine Senate election, 2010

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Philippine Senate election, 2010
Philippines
2007 ←
members
May 10, 2010
Senators elected
→ 2013
members

12 (of the 24) seats to the Senate
13 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Manny Villar T'nalak Festival 2009.jpg
Leader Francis Pangilinan Manny Villar Juan Miguel Zubiri
Party Liberal Nacionalista Lakas-Kampi
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large
Last election 2 seats, 10.7% 2 seats, 10.1% Lakas-CMD: 1 seat, 22.3%
KAMPI: 1 seat, 4.4%
Seats before 4 (2 up) 3 (1 up) 4 (2 up)
Seats won 3 2 2
Seats after 4 4 4
Seat change  Steady  Increase 1  Steady 
Popular vote 78,227,817 49,585,503 38,123,091
Percentage 26.34% 16.69% 12.83%
Swing Increase 15.62% Increase 6.61% Decrease 13.84%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile.jpg Miriam Defensor Santiago.jpg Legarda 2008 small.jpg
Leader Juan Ponce Enrile Miriam Defensor Santiago Loren Legarda
Party PMP PRP NPC
Leader's seat Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large Nationwide at-large
Last election No nominees No nominees 2 seats, 18.1%
Seats before 2 (2 up) 1 (1 up) 1 (none up)
Seats won 2 1 1
Seats after 2 1 2
Seat change  Steady   Steady  Increase 1
Popular vote 47,111,982 17,344,742 13,409,616
Percentage 15.86% 5.84% 4.51%
Swing Increase 15.86% Increase 5.84% Decrease 13.61%

2010PhilippineSenatorialElection.png

Parties that won a plurality of votes in each province.

Senate President before election

Juan Ponce Enrile
PMP

Elected Senate President

Juan Ponce Enrile
PMP

Election to the Senate of the Philippines was held on Monday, May 10, 2010. This is to elect 12 of the 24 seats in the Senate. Together with those elected in 2007, they will comprise the 15th Congress. The senators elected in 2007 will serve until June 30, 2013, while the senators elected in this election will serve up to June 30, 2016. The 2010 presidential election, elections to the House of Representatives as well as local elections will occur on the same date. The Philippines uses plurality-at-large voting for seats in the Senate: the twelve candidates with the highest amount of votes wins the twelve seats up for election.

In the election, ten senators that had previously served in the Senate, six of them incumbents, were reelected. The two neophytes, Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. and Teofisto Guingona III, had their fathers previously serve in the Senate. The first nine candidates that were leading in the canvassing of votes by the Commission on Elections were proclaimed winners on May 15, while the last three were proclaimed on May 18.[1]

After the election, no party won a majority of seats, although the Liberal Party had the most seats with five, although with the election of Noynoy Aquino as president, the Liberals will have 4 members in the Senate. The independents have five, while the Nacionalista Party and Lakas Kampi CMD have four each. It is expected that Manny Villar of the Nacionalistas and Francis Pangilinan from the Liberals be the top contenders to be Senate President; incumbent Juan Ponce Enrile (PMP) originally said he would not seek the office, but with the inability of either of the frontrunners to garner the required thirteen votes, he has presented himself as a compromise candidate to avoid deadlock.

On the convening of the 15th Congress on July 25, Enrile was successfully reelected as Senate President by 17 senators, with 3 senators voting for his opponent, Alan Peter Cayetano of the Nacionalistas. Three more senators did not attend, and one seat was vacated by Benigno Aquino III who was elected President.[2]

Retiring and term-limited incumbents[edit]

Three senators are voluntarily retiring from the Senate at the end of their current term (two ran for president, and another for vice president; all lost), while two other senators are term-limited by the Constitution of the Philippines after serving two consecutive terms.

Bagumbayan-VNP incumbent[edit]

Liberal Party incumbents[edit]

Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan incumbent[edit]

Independent incumbents[edit]

Campaign[edit]

The candidates had varied campaign strategies, but the candidates from the Liberal Party and the Nacionalista Party relied on TV advertisements for exposure. Celebrities also endorsed candidates, notably Kris Aquino for Vicente Sotto III and Sharon Cuneta for Neric Acosta. As a callback to the successful "VOT FOR D CHAMMP" campaign slogan of the People Power Coalition during the 2001 election, the Liberals used the "SLAMAT LORRRD" acronym to easily convey their senatorial line-up.

On April 18, ABS-CBN held the Harapan (Face-Off) senatorial debates at La Consolacion College – Manila. Adel Tamano scored the highest rating amongst the candidates who participated, followed by Neric Acosta and Risa Hontiveros-Baraquel, while Francisco Tatad rated poorly.[6]

Actors Bong Revilla (born Ramon Revilla, Jr.), who changed his legal name to his screen name "Bong Revilla" prior to the campaign period,[7] and Jinggoy Estrada, together with Miriam Defensor Santiago consistently topped the poll surveys from Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia. On the other hand, while all incumbent senators who are running appeared safe to retain their seats, it appeared that no party will win a majority of the 12 seats being contested.

Candidates[edit]

On December 15, 2009, the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) released the approved list of candidates for the Senate elections.[8] On January 14, 2010, the COMELEC approved four more candidates for the Senate, reaching a total of 61.

These are the candidates that were listed on the ballot, with order determined by surname. The tickets are as advertised by the coalition; these are unrecognized by the COMELEC but is extensively used by the media. The COMELEC does list the political parties of the candidates on the ballot. One has twelve votes for senator, with one vote for every candidate. A voter can distribute one's vote to any ticket as one seems fit. One can vote less than the twelve candidates from any ticket (open list), although the coalitions encourage voters to vote "12–0" (if applicable). A voter who had voted for more than twelve candidates will have his ballot spoiled, invalidating the rest of that voter's votes in the senate election.

A candidate may be included in more than one ticket; a party, if it has not enough candidates to complete a 12-candidate ticket, can invite guest candidates from other parties. These guest candidates can choose to acknowledge their inclusion in other tickets and are not bound to follow the policies of the tickets that adopted them.

Opinion polls[edit]

Note: Tables only include confirmed candidates by the COMELEC.

The following are results of surveys taken after candidates were confirmed by the COMELEC.

Poll source Date(s) administered Sample
size
Margin of
error
Candidates in the Top 12 Total
Lakas-
Kampi
Liberal Nacionalista NPC PDP-Laban PRP PMP Ind.
Election May 10, 2010 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 1 12
SWS May 2–3, 2010 2,400 ±2% 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 1 12
Pulse Asia [9]

[10]

Apr. 23–25, 2010 1,800 ±2% 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 1 12
SWS [11] Apr. 16–19, 2010 2,100 ±2% 1 2 3 1 0 1 2 1 12
SWS [12] Mar. 19–22, 2010 2,100 ±2% 1 2 3 1 0 1 2 1 12
The Center [13] Feb. 24–28, 2010 2,400 ±2% 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 1 12
SWS [14] Feb. 24–28, 2010 2,100 ±2% 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 12
Pulse Asia [15] Feb. 21–25, 2010 1,800 ±2% 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 1 12
Pulse Asia [16] Jan. 22–26, 2010 1,800 ±2% 2 2 2 1 0 1 3 1 12
SWS [17] Jan. 21–24, 2010 2,100 ±2% 1 3 2 1 0 1 3 1 12
Pulse Asia [18] Dec. 8–10, 2009 1,800 ±2.0% 1 3 2 1 0 1 3 1 12
SWS [17] Dec. 5–10, 2009 2,100 ±2.2% 2 3 2 1 0 1 2 1 12

Result[edit]

Senate composition before and after the election:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Before election
After election
Independent Lakas-Kampi Liberal Nacionalista NPC PMP

Election result, with only seats up being considered:

Seats
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
Votes
26.34%
16.69%
15.86%
12.83%
8.08%
7.60%

Incumbents, former senators, and candidates whose other family members that had Senate experience performed well. All six incumbents who ran held their seats, four former senators also won, and the two neophyte senators, Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. and Teofisto Guingona III had their fathers (Ferdinand Marcos and Teofisto Guingona, Jr., respectively) previously served at the Senate. Among the six winning incumbents, three had family members that previously served in the Senate: Bong Revilla (son of Ramon Revilla, Sr.), Jinggoy Estrada (son of Joseph Estrada) and Pia Cayetano (daughter of Rene Cayetano; her brother, Alan Peter Cayetano, won in 2007). The three of the four former winning senators also had a family member with Senate experience: Ralph Recto (grandson of Claro M. Recto), Vicente Sotto III (grandson of Vicente Sotto) and Sergio Osmeña III (grandson of Sergio Osmeña and son of Sergio Osmeña, Jr.)

Only one former senator ran and lost: Francisco Tatad; candidates with no prior Senate experience but had family members that previously served in the Senate but lost are Ruffy Biazon (son of outgoing Senator Rodolfo Biazon), Sonia Roco (wife of Raul Roco), Adel Tamano (son of Mamintal Tamano) and Susan Ople (daughter of Blas Ople).

Per candidate[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine Senate election results
Rank Candidate Party Votes % Swing[s 1]
1. Bong Revilla Lakas-Kampi 19,513,521 51.15% Increase 2.97%
2. Jinggoy Estrada PMP 18,925,925 49.61% Increase 15.79%
3. Miriam Defensor Santiago PRP 17,344,742 45.47% Increase 8.31%
4. Franklin Drilon Liberal 15,871,117 41.60%
5. Juan Ponce Enrile PMP 15,665,618 41.06% Increase 6.94%
6. Pia Cayetano Nacionalista 13,679,511 35.86% Decrease 2.38%
7. Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. Nacionalista 13,169,634 34.52%
8. Ralph Recto Liberal 12,436,960 32.60%
9. Tito Sotto NPC 11,891,711 31.17%
10. Sergio Osmeña III Independent 11,656,668 30.56%
11. Lito Lapid Lakas-Kampi 11,025,805 28.90% Decrease 4.55%
12. Teofisto Guingona III Liberal 10,277,352 26.94%
13. Risa Hontiveros-Baraquel Liberal 9,106,112 23.87%
14. Ruffy Biazon Liberal 8,626,514 22.61%
15. Joey de Venecia PMP 8,375,043 21.95%
16. Gilbert Remulla Nacionalista 7,454,557 19.54%
17. Danilo Lim Independent 7,302,784 19.14%
18. Sonia Roco Liberal 6,774,010 17.76%
19. Ariel Querubin Nacionalista 6,547,925 17.16%
20. Gwendolyn Pimentel PDP-Laban 6,394,347 16.76%
21. Nereus Acosta Liberal 5,921,111 15.52%
22. Alexander Lacson Liberal 5,242,594 13.74%
23. Adel Tamano Nacionalista 4,059,748 10.64%
24. Emilio Mario Osmeña PROMDI 3,980,370 10.43%
25. Liza Maza Independent 3,855,800 10.11%
26. Satur Ocampo Bayan Muna 3,539,345 9.28%
27. Francisco Tatad GAD 3,331,083 8.73% Decrease 8.71%
28. Ramon Mitra III Nacionalista 2,744,090 7.19%
29. Apolinario Lozada PMP 2,730,279 7.16%
30. Rey Langit Lakas-Kampi 2,694,213 7.06%
31. Silvestre Bello III Lakas-Kampi 2,468,276 6.47%
32. Yasmin Lao Liberal 2,081,895 5.46%
33. Imelda Papin Bangon Pilipinas 1,972,667 5.17%
34. Susan Ople Nacionalista 1,930,038 5.06%
35. Martin Bautista Liberal 1,890,152 4.95%
36. Rodolfo Plaza NPC 1,517,905 3.98%
37. JV Larion Bautista PMP 1,415,117 3.71%
38. Ramon Guico Lakas-Kampi 1,264,982 3.32%
39. Raul Lambino Lakas-Kampi 1,156,294 3.03%
40. Hector Villanueva KBL 979,708 2.57%
41. Ramoncito Ocampo Bangon Pilipinas 944,725 2.48%
42. Kata Inocencio Bangon Pilipinas 888,771 2.33%
43. Jovito Palparan, Jr. Independent 825,208 2.16%
44. Alex Tinsay Bangon Pilipinas 728,339 1.91%
45. Zafrullah Alonto Bangon Pilipinas 712,628 1.87%
46. Reginald Tamayo Ang Kapatiran 680,211 1.78%
47. Nanette Espinosa KBL 607,569 1.59%
48. Regalado Maambong KBL 545,967 1.43%
49. Shariff Ibrahim Albani KBL 508,558 1.33%
50. Rizalito David Ang Kapatiran 504,259 1.32%
51. Israel Virgines Bangon Pilipinas 455,332 1.19%
52. Zosimo Paredes Bangon Pilipinas 437,439 1.15%
53. Adrian Sison Ang Kapatiran 418,055 1.10%
54. Reynaldo Princesa Independent 364,245 0.95%
55. Jo Aurea Imbong Ang Kapatiran 362,457 0.95%
56. Adz Nikabulin Bangon Pilipinas 346,848 0.91%
57. Henry Caunan PDP-Laban 240,676 0.63%
58. Manuel Valdehuesa, Jr. Ang Kapatiran 201,118 0.53%
59. Hector Tarrazona Ang Kapatiran 168,386 0.44%
60. Ma. Gracia Riñoza-Plazo Ang Kapatiran 151,755 0.40%
61. Alma Lood KBL 128,045 0.34%
Total turnout 38,149,371 74.34% Increase 1.24%
Total votes 297,036,114 N/A Increase 14.42%
Registered voters 51,317,073 100.00% Increase 12.56%
  1. ^ Change in percentage point as compared from the 2004; other candidates may had joined in the 2007 election.

Per coalition[edit]

Election result per slates per province.

Totals and percentages won't add up to 100% as some candidates appeared on multiple tickets.

Coalition Total votes  % Seats
won
 %
Nacionalista 111,889,926 37.67% 4 33.3%
PMP 108,324,652 36.47% 5 41.7%
Liberal 97,187,269 32.72% 4 33.3%
Lakas-Kampi 35,428,878 11.93% 2 16.7%
Non-independents not included in tickets 16,112,757 5.42% 1 8.3%
Bangon Pilipinas 6,486,749 2.18% 0 0.0%
KBL 2,769,847 0.93% 0 0.0%
Ang Kapatiran 2,486,241 0.84% 0 0.0%
Independents not in tickets 1,189,453 0.40% 0 0.0%
Totals 297,036,114 100.00% 12 100.00%

Per party[edit]

With the election of Benigno Aquino III as president, there were only 23 seats in the Senate's chamber for the 15th Congress of the Philippines. There were calls to let the 13th placed candidate, Risa Hontiveros-Baraquel, to be proclaimed in lieu of Aquino leaving the Senate but neither her campaign nor the Liberal Party petitioned the Commission on the matter. Aquino's vacated seat won't be contested in a special election as special elections for Senate vacancies can only be scheduled on the next scheduled election; that seat would be up for the 2013 election.

e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine Senate election results per party
Party Popular vote Breakdown Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Not up Won Won in 2007 End 14th 15th +/−
Start %
Liberal (Liberal Party) 78,227,817 26.34% Increase 15.62% 10 2 2 3 4 4 4 17% Steady
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 49,585,503 16.69% Increase 6.61% 7 1 2 2 4 3 4 17% Increase 1
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 47,111,982 15.86% Increase 15.86% 5 2 0 2 2 2 2 8% Steady
Lakas-Kampia (People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats-Partner of Free Filipinos) 38,123,091 12.83% Decrease 13.84% 6 2 2 2 4 4 4 17% Steady
PRP (People's Reform Party) 17,344,742 5.84% Increase 5.84% 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 4% Steady
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 13,409,616 4.51% Decrease 13.61% 2 0 1 1 2 1 2 8% Increase 1
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power) 6,635,023 2.23% Increase 1.85% 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0% Decrease 1
Bangon Pilipinas (Rise Up, Philippines) 6,486,749 2.18% Increase 2.18% 9b 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
PROMDI (Provinces First Development Initiative) 3,980,370 1.34% Increase 1.34% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Bayan Muna (Nation First) 3,539,345 1.19% Increase 1.19% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
GAD/Gabaybayan (Grand Alliance for Democracy/Guide to the Nation) 3,331,083 1.12% Increase 1.12% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
KBL (New Society Movement) 2,769,847 0.93% Increase 0.03% 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) 2,486,241 0.84% Increase 0.14% 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
LDP (Struggle of the Democratic Filipinos) Not participating 0 1 0 1 1 1 4% Steady
Bagumbayan-VNP (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) Not participating 1 0 0 0 1 0 0% Decrease 1
Independent 24,004,705 8.08% Increase 0.80% 5 1 4 1 1 5 5 21% Steady
Vacancy 1 1 1 4% Steady
Total votes 297,036,114 NA Increase 10.38% 61 12 12 12 24 24 24 100% Steady
Turnout 38,149,371 74.34% Increase 29.33%
Registered voters 51,317,073 100% Increase 19.05%

^a Votes and seats for KAMPI and Lakas-CMD in 2007, which were running on a common ticket, were combined; KAMPI and Lakas-CMD later merged in 2008.
^b Including Imelda Papin and Zosimo Paredes who switched from KBL and Ang Kapatiran respectively to Bangon Pilipinas.[19]


Unofficial results[edit]

Several organizations released unofficial tallies when the commission's first preliminary tally was yet to be released.

Aftermath[edit]

With the lineup for the 15th Congress becoming apparent, senator-elect Miriam Defensor-Santiago (PRP) commented that her ally Manny Villar has the numbers to retake the Senate Presidency. Villar resigned from the senate presidency just prior to the election period and Juan Ponce Enrile (PMP) became the new senate president.[22] Jockeying for the position then began with Francis Pangilinan (Liberal) announcing his intention to be senate president, citing the need for a "friendly" Senate for the Noynoy Aquino administration. The Liberals still have to agree on a candidate, as Ponce Enrile earlier said that he will not seek the post.[23]

The Liberals apparently narrowed down their candidates to former Senate President Franklin Drilon and Pangilinan, with Villar as the Nacionalista bloc's candidate.[24] Independent senator Francis Escudero remarked that some senators are conducting exploratory talks on who they will field for the post of Senate President.[25]

On July 2, 2010, the Liberal Party announced that Pangilinan will be the candidate for the Senate presidency. Pangilinan will lead in seeking alliances with other senators and said that he will not seek an alliance with the Nacionalista Party.[26]

Perceived voting blocs in the Senate:[25]

Nacionalista bloc (7) Liberal bloc (10) "Angara bloc" (6) Vacancy (1)
  1. Manny Villar
  2. Alan Peter Cayetano
  3. Pia Cayetano
  4. Miriam Defensor Santiago (PRP)
  5. Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.
  6. Loren Legarda (NPC)
  7. Joker Arroyo (Lakas Kampi)
  1. Francis Pangilinan
  2. Franklin Drilon
  3. Teofisto Guingona III
  4. Ralph Recto
  5. Francis Escudero (Independent)
  6. Jinggoy Estrada (PMP)
  7. Juan Ponce Enrile (PMP)
  8. Sergio Osmeña III (Independent)[27]
  9. Panfilo Lacson (Independent, whereabouts unknown)*
  10. Antonio Trillanes IV (Independent; detained)*
  1. Edgardo Angara (LDP)
  2. Bong Revilla (Lakas Kampi)
  3. Juan Miguel Zubiri (Lakas Kampi)
  4. Gregorio Honasan (Independent)
  5. Lito Lapid (Lakas Kampi)
  6. Vicente Sotto III (NPC)
  1. Benigno Aquino III (Liberal; Elected president)
Votes needed to win: 13
*It is unknown if ever Trillanes and Lacson can be able to attend the Senate session in order to vote for Pangilinan.[28]

On July 23, previous Senate President Enrile announced that he was approached by Drilon, Recto (both Liberals) and Escudero (independent) on July 20 informing him that they will support him once he agrees to be included in the race. Enrile agreed, with the conditions that he will not actively campaign, nor enter with a "bargaining effort with anyone." Sotto (NPC) remarked that retaining Enrile emerged as a viable compromise to prevent an impasse on the opening of Congress.[29]

Recognizing that he can't secure the required 13 votes to win the Senate Presidency, Pangilinan has withdrawn his bid on July 25. The Liberals will now support Enrile for the Senate Presidency.[30]

Election for Senate President[edit]

With Loren Legarda nominating Enrile, he won the Senate Presidency with a vote of 17–3, defeated Alan Peter Cayetano, who was nominated by Joker Arroyo with 4 absent senators: Cayetano became the Minority Floor Leader instead.[2]

Blocs[edit]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
End of 14th Congress
                                              --
Majority bloc (16) Minority bloc (7)
Start of 15th Congress
        * * *     +   +         --
Majority bloc (17) Minority bloc (3) Independent bloc (3)

Key

  • -- vacant
  • + gained by a party from another party
  • √ held by the incumbent
  • * held by the same party with a new senator

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kristine L. Alave, Philip Tubeza (2010-05-19). "Osme?Lapid, Guingona take last Senate seats". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  2. ^ a b Avendaño, Christine (2010-07-25). "Enrile is Senate President again". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  3. ^ Salaverria, Leila (2009-04-25). "Party formed to push for Gordon candidacy". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  4. ^ "Roxas is Vice-Presidential Frontrunner in Philippines". Angus Reid. 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  5. ^ "Jamby running for president in 2010". ABS-CBN News.com. 
  6. ^ Dizon, David (2010-04-19). "Winners, losers in HARAPAN senatorial debate". ABS-CBNNews.com. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
  7. ^ Tan, Kimberly Jane (2010-02-16). "Revilla Jr.'s surname is now Bong Revilla". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  8. ^ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/12/15/09/comelec-approves-16-presidential-vp-bets
  9. ^ "Pulse Asia's April 2010 Filipinos' Senatorial and Party-List Group Preferences for the May 2010 Elections". pulseasia.com.ph. 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  10. ^ "Baraquel, Querubin umangat: Revilla, Estrada nanguna sa survey sa Senado". GMA News. 2010-05-03. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  11. ^ "Eleven out of Magic 12 slots all but in the bag?". bworld.com.ph. 2010-04-25. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  12. ^ "Nine consistently in Magic 12". bworld.com.ph. 2010-03-29. Retrieved 2010-03-29. 
  13. ^ "Re-electionists dominate The Center's senatorial survey". gmanews.tv. 2010-03-24. Retrieved 2010-03-29. 
  14. ^ "RReelectionist senators keep top slots". gmanews.tv. 2010-03-09. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  15. ^ "Revilla, Estrada lead senatorial race in Pulse survey, Miriam among top gainers". gmanews.tv. 2010-03-09. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  16. ^ "Revilla, Estrada top senatorial bets in Pulse Asia's survey". gmanews.tv. 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  17. ^ a b "Revilla takes top spot in Senate race". Business World. 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  18. ^ "Pulse Asia's December 2009 Pre-election Survey". 
  19. ^ 2 senatorial bets bolt parties, join Bro. Eddie Accessed on March 8, 2010.
  20. ^ "Partial Unofficial Tally as of 2010-05-20 12:23:27 90.26% of ERs". GMANews.TV. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  21. ^ a b "Partial results of votes for SENATORS". ABS-CBNNews.com. 2010-05-18. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  22. ^ Dedace, Sophia (2010-05-16). "Villar likely to become Senate President again, says Miriam". GMANews.tv. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  23. ^ Legaspi, Amita (2010-05-17). "Pangilinan makes himself available for Senate Presidency". GMANews.tv. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  24. ^ "Either Kiko or Drilon for LP's Senate president bet". GMANews.tv. 2010-05-18. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  25. ^ a b Legaspi, Amita (2010-05-18). "Escudero bares ongoing exploratory talks on Senate presidency". GMANews.tv. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  26. ^ "LP fields Pangilinan for Senate presidency". abs-cbnNEWS.com. 2010-07-02. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  27. ^ Ubac, Michael Lim (2010-05-20). "One less vote for Aquino in Senate". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  28. ^ "Pangilinan, Villar in tight battle for Senate presidency". ABS-CBN News. 2010-06-05. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  29. ^ Lim, Michael (2010-07-23). "Enrile willing to step up". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  30. ^ Tan, Kimberly Jane (2010-07-25). "Kiko Pangilinan withdraws bid for Senate presidency". GMANews.tv. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 

External links[edit]

Results[edit]

Media websites[edit]