Elections in the Philippines

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Voter turnout during national elections from 1946 onwards.
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The elections in the Philippines have several types. The president, vice-president, and the senators are elected for a six-year term, while the members of the House of Representatives, governors, vice-governors, members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (provincial board members), mayors, vice-mayors, members of the Sangguniang Panlungsod/members of the Sangguniang Bayan (city/municipal councilors), barangay officials, and the members of the Sangguniang Kabataan (youth councilors) are elected to serve for a three-year term.

The Congress or Kongreso has two chambers. The House of Representatives or Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan has will have 292 seats in 2013, of which 80% are contested in single seat electoral districts and 20% are allotted to party-lists according to a modified Hare quota with remainders disregarded and a three-seat cap, which are only accessible to marginalized and under-represented groups and parties, local parties, and sectoral wings of major parties that represent the marginalized. The Constitution of the Philippines allows the House of Representatives to have more than 250 members by statute without a need for a constitutional amendment. The Senate or Senado has 24 members which are elected on a nationwide at-large basis; they do not represent any geographical district. Half of the Senate is renewed every three years.

The Philippines has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form a coalition government. The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) is responsible for running the elections.

Under the Constitution, elections for the members of Congress and local positions (except barangay officials) occur every second Monday of May every third year after May 1992, and presidential and vice presidential elections occur every second Monday of May every sixth year after May 1992. All elected officials, except those at the barangay level, start (and end) their terms of office on June 30 of the election year.

Voting[edit]

Qualification[edit]

Every citizen above the age of 18 on Election Day may vote. In order to actually vote, a citizen has to register. The COMELEC has a registration period a few months prior to the election. Those who are not registered will not appear on the voters' list and is ineligible to vote despite being qualified to do so.

People aged 15 to 18 may vote in Sangguniang Kabataan elections. Same with their adult counterparts, the COMELEC has a registration period a few months prior to the election.

Absentee voters[edit]

Absentee voters are divided into two types: the local absentee voters and the overseas absentee voters. Local absentee voters include people who are working during Election Day. These include soldiers, policemen, government employees and the like. Overseas absentee voters refer to Filipinos residing abroad. They are eligible to vote on national positions only (president, vice-president, senators and party-list representatives). Overseas absentee voters may vote in Philippine embassies and consulates, and voting begins as early as a 4 months prior to the election. The voting can be as long as 6 months in very few situations.

Process[edit]

Once a registered voter finds his/her name in the voters' list and locates the correct precinct, he may queue in line for the distribution of the ballot.

Prior to the 2010 elections, voters have to write the names of the candidates next to the positions in which they are running. COMELEC-approved nicknames maybe used by the voters in writing the names. After the polling period ends, the Board of Election Inspectors (or the teachers manning the polling precinct) counts the ballots by hand. Once all the ballots are counted, the election returns will now be sent to the city or municipal Board of Canvassers, political parties and other groups.

However, since the 2010 elections, the voters now have to shade the oval that was indicated before the candidate's name, and a voting machine automatically counts each ballot as it is fed into it. The results will then be printed as the election return and sent electronically to the city or municipal Board of Canvassers as stated below.

The city or municipal Board of Canvassers canvasses the votes from all polling precincts within their jurisdiction and prepares two documents: a Statement of Votes (SOV) in which all votes from all candidates in all positions per precinct is listed; and a Certificate of Canvass (COC), a document showing the vote totals of all candidates within the Board of Canvassers' jurisdiction.

If the city or municipal Board of Canvassers' jurisdiction is an independent city with its own congressional district, they will send their SOV and COC to the national Board of Canvassers (the COMELEC for senate and party-list elections, Congress for presidential and vice presidential elections). If it is otherwise, they will send their SOV and COC to the provincial Board of Canvassers where the votes as stated from the city or municipal COC will be canvassed. The provincial Board of Canvassers sends their SOV and COC to the national Board of Canvassers once canvassing is done. The national Board of Canvassers then canvasses all COCs and declares the winners for national positions.

Schedule[edit]

Election[edit]

Fixed-term elections[edit]

National and local elections are held every on the second Monday of May every third year starting 1992. The presidential and vice presidential elections are held every six years. Election Days in which the president and vice president and barangay officials are not elected are called "midterm elections"; Election Days in which the president and vice president are elected are called "presidential elections." Barangay-level officials, although are currently elected in the same year as the other officials, are elected separately the succeeding months (see below).

From 1949 to 1971, election days are held every second Tuesday of November of every odd-numbered year with the presidential and vice presidential election held the every fourth year starting from 1951.

Barangay-level elections, starting from 2007, are to be held every three years during the last Monday of October, although these elections are frequently postponed (and incumbents' terms are extended) as a cost-saving measure. Elections for the positions in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), starting from 2011, are to be held every three years during the second Monday of May.

Position 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Type Presidential (May)
Barangay (October)
None Midterm (May)
Barangay (October)
None Presidential (May)
Barangay (October)
President and
vice president
President and vice president None President and vice president
Senate Seats contested during even-numbered years (12 seats) None Seats contested during odd-numbered years (12 seats) None Seats contested during even-numbered years (12 seats)
House of Representatives All seats None All seats None All seats
ARMM None All positions None All positions
Provinces, cities and municipalities All positions None All positions None All positions
Barangays All positions None All positions None All positions

Inauguration[edit]

Position 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Type Presidential (June)
Barangay (November)
None Midterm (June)
Barangay (November)
None Presidential (June)
Barangay (November)
President and
vice president
June 30 None June 30
Senate June 30 None June 30 None June 30
House June 30 None June 30 None June 30
ARMM None June 30 None
Provinces, cities and municipalities June 30 None June 30 None June 30
Barangays November 30 None November 30 None November 30


Elected offices[edit]

Position Number
President 1
Vice president 1
Senators 12
House of Representatives (district) 1
House of Representatives (party-list) 1
Governor 1*
Vice governor 1*
Board members 1 to 7*
Mayor 1
Vice mayor 1
Councilors 4 to 12
Total presidential 22 to 39
Total midterm 20 to 37
Regional governor 1
Regional vice governor 1
Regional assemblymen 3
Total ARMM 5
Barangay captain 1
Barangay councilor (kagawad) 7
Total barangay 8
SK chairman 1
SK councilor (kagawad) 7
Total SK 8
*Some cities do not elect provincial officials.

In a presidential election year, a voter may vote for as much as 34 names and a party-list organization. In ARMM elections, a voter may vote for five names, and in barangay elections, a voter may vote for eight names. A voter for the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK, youth council) may vote for eight names; currently, SK voters are aged 15 to 18 years old with only the SK voters aged 18 years old may vote for other barangay officials.

President and vice president[edit]

Each voter is entitled to one vote each for the duration of the election. The voter may split his or her ticket. The candidate with the most votes wins the position; there is no run-off election, and the president and vice president may come from different parties. If two or more candidates emerge with an equal and highest number of votes, one of them will be elected by the Senate and the House of Representatives, voting separately.

Congress[edit]

Senators[edit]

The Senate has 24 members, and 12 members are elected every election; hence, each voter is entitled to twelve votes for the Senate in every election. The voter may not complete the twelve votes for the Senate, but s/he must not surpass the twelve votes or else his/her ballot for that position will be nullified. With the entire country as one at-large district, the twelve candidates with the most number of votes are elected. This is often not proportional to the results.

From 1951 to 1971, instead of 12 senators elected every three years, the electorate voted for eight senators every two years in the same format. From 1941 to 1949, all elections to the senate were by block voting: the voters may write a name for every seat contested, or they can write the name of the party, which would then give all of the voters' votes to that party's ticket. Compounded with the Nacionalista Party's dominance, this caused a sweep of 24 seats for them in 1941.[1] From 1916 to 1934, voting was via senatorial districts; voters vote for one candidate every three years, except for the first election in 1916 where they'd vote for two candidates; the second-placed candidate would only serve for three years.

House of Representatives[edit]

Each voter has two votes in the House of Representatives.

A voter may elect a representative from the congressional district of residence. The candidate with the highest number of votes in a district wins that district's seat.

A voter may also elect a party-list organization. The voter votes for the party, not for the candidate, and the voter is restricted to one vote. All votes are tallied in an at-large basis, and parties with at least 2% of the vote wins at least one seat in the House. A further two more seats will be granted if there are still spare seats (the party-list representatives comprise 20% of the House), and if there are still unfilled seats, the parties with less than 2% of the vote will get one seat each in descending order until all seats are filled. A party-list organization is limited to represented marginalized sectors in the society such as the youth, laborers, women, and the like.

Previously, the calculation for the winners in the party-list election was different: the winning parties should have 2% of the national vote and are awarded one seat; any additional 2% is given an additional seat until the maximum of three seats per party is filled up. Since only several parties surpassed the 2% election threshold, the number of party-list representatives was always less than 20% of the House's membership.

The party-list system was first used in 1998; from 1987 to 1995, the president with the concurrence of the Commission on Appointments, appointed the sectoral representatives. Sectoral representatives were first elected during 1978.

Local positions[edit]

Synchronized with the national elections are the local elections. The voter may vote for any of the following:

If the city the voter is residing in a highly urbanized city or independent component city, the voter can not vote for any of the provincial-level positions.

The Sangguniang Panlalawigan (provincial board), Sangguniang Panlungsod (city council) and Sangguniang Bayan (municipal council)'s manner of election is identical with that of the Senate. In some cities and provinces, they are split into districts (not necessarily the same as the congressional district) in which separate board members/council members are elected.

Barangay elections are held every three years, although usually not in the same time as elections for other positions. Terms of incumbent barangay officials are often extended when Congress suspend the barangay elections as a cost-saving measure. The barangay-level positions are:

  • One barangay captain
  • Seven barangay kagawads (councilors)
  • One Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) chairperson (youth council chairperson)
  • Seven SK kagawads (councilors)

The manner of election of the Sangguniang Kabataan in the barangay is identical to the one used in the Senate. Each barangay is entitled to one SK. The barangay SK chairpersons in a city or municipality elect amongst themselves a president that will sit as an ex officio member of the city or municipal council. The city (if applicable) and municipal SK presidents then elect amongst themselves a president that will sit in the provincial board as an ex officio member. Finally, provincial and city (which are not under the jurisdiction of a province) chairpersons elect amongst themselves the SK national federation president that will sit as an ex officio member of the National Youth Commission.

The manner of representation of the different barangay chairmen in the municipal, city and provincial legislatures as ex officio members is identical with the way how the SK chairpersons are represented; the provincial and city (which are not under the jurisdiction of a province) chairpersons elect amongst themselves the president of the National League of the Barangays (Liga ng mga Barangay).

Other elections[edit]

Referendums and plebiscites[edit]

Referendums and plebiscites are conducted in order to pass certain laws. Any amendments or revision to the constitution, merging, creation and abolition of local government units and autonomous regions and the like are validated via plebiscites. In order for a referendum and plebiscite to pass, the votes in favor must be greater in number than those which are opposed; there is no requirement for how high the voter turnout should be in such referendums or plebiscites.

The terms "referendum" and "plebiscite" mean different things in the context of Philippine political discourse:

  • Referendum is the power of the electorate to approve or reject a legislation through an election called for the purpose.
  • Plebiscite is the electoral process by which an initiative on the Constitution is approved or rejected by the people.
    • It is also the term used in determining the creation of a barangay (village), municipalities, cities, provinces and autonomous regions.

There had been two "waves" of national referendums in the Philippines: the first was during the Commonwealth period, and the latter was during the martial law period. Locally, the most common plebiscites are on creating new provinces and the upgrading of a municipality into a city.

The last provincial-level plebiscite was on 2008 for the creation of a new province of Quezon del Sur that was defeated; the last national plebiscite was in 1987 for the approval of the constitution endorsed by the 1986 Constitutional Commission.

Recall[edit]

Elected local government officials may be recalled. A recall election may be called if either a majority of all members of a preparatory recall assembly, composed of all elected local officials within a local government unit (LGU), endorse a recall, or if there is a petition of at least 25% of the registered voters in that LGU. The recalled official is not allowed to resign when facing a recall election, but may participate in it; the candidate with the highest number of votes wins the recall election.

The last recall election above the barangay level was the 1993 Bataan gubernatorial recall election.

Initiatives[edit]

Main article: People's Initiative

Initiatives (locally known as "people's initiative") to amend or revise the constitution, or propose new laws are allowed if there are is a petition of at least 12% of all registered voters in the country, with at least 3% in every legislative district. A plebiscite will be called it meets such requirements. A people's initiative has never made it past the stage verification of signatures.

Special election[edit]

The term "special election" in the Philippines may mean either of the following:

  • An election that was supposedly held with the general election but was delayed;
  • An election to elect a new official after the predecessor left office (known as "by-elections" elsewhere)

Members of the House of Representatives can be elected under the second type of special election whenever the predecessor leaves office, except when the next regularly scheduled election is less than a year away. A special election for president and vice president can only be called if both offices are vacant at the same time, and is outside the 18 months prior to the next regularly scheduled presidential election.

The last special election to elect a vacancy to the House of Representatives was 2012 for Negros Occidental's 5th legislative district. The last special election for the presidency was on 1986.

Primary elections[edit]

Primary elections do not exist in the Philippines. The leaders of the various political parties select the candidates themselves, and party membership is liquid. In some cases, if a politician is not chosen to be a candidate, he can join another party (such as Ferdinand Marcos, a Liberal, jumped ship to the Nacionalistas in 1965 when the Liberals picked incumbent Diosdado Macapagal as their presidential candidate), or create their own party (such as Fidel Ramos, when he created the Lakas ng Tao (now Lakas Kampi CMD) after the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino chose Ramon Mitra as their presidential candidate in 1992).

History[edit]

Beginning during the Spanish Colonial Period there were a few attempts nationally of electing local officials. Once the Spanish colonial government was replaced by the American colonial Insular Government. following the Spanish–American War, and the First Philippine Republic defeated in the Philippine–American War, there were multiple elections held throughout peaceful areas of the country for provincial and local officials.

During the First Philippine Republic an attempt was made to elect a national congress but the Republic did not control the Philippines and so no nation-wide election could be held. The first fully national election for a fully elected legislative body was in 1907 for the Philippine Assembly, the elected half a the bicameral Philippine Legislature during the American Colonial Period.

List of elections[edit]

Only elections national in scope are included.

Year General Presidential Senate House of Representatives Local Barangay Other Referendum
1898 1898 Congress
1899 1899 local
1902 1902 local
1904 1904 local
1905 1905 local
1907 1907 Philippine Assembly
1909 1909 Philippine Assembly 1909 local
1912 1912 Philippine Assembly 1912 local
1916 1916 legislative 1916 Senate 1916 House of Representatives 1916 local
1919 1919 legislative 1919 Senate 1919 House of Representatives 1919 local
1922 1922 legislative 1922 Senate 1922 House of Representatives 1922 local
1925 1925 legislative 1925 Senate 1925 House of Representatives 1925 local
1928 1928 legislative 1928 Senate 1928 House of Representatives 1928 local
1931 1931 legislative 1931 Senate 1931 House of Representatives 1931 local
1934 1934 legislative 1934 Senate 1934 House of Representatives 1934 local 1934 constitutional convention
1935 1935 general 1935 presidential 1935 legislative constitutional
1937 1937 local women's suffrage
1938 1938 legislative
1940 constitutional
1941 1941 general 1941 presidential 1941 Senate 1941 House of Representatives 1941 local
1943 1943 legislative 1943 local
1946 1946 general 1946 presidential 1946 Senate 1946 House of Representatives
1947 1947 Senate 1947 local parity rights
1949 1949 general 1949 presidential 1949 Senate 1949 House of Representatives
1951 1951 Senate 1951 local
1953 1953 general 1953 presidential 1953 Senate 1953 House of Representatives
1955 1955 Senate 1955 local
1957 1957 general 1957 presidential 1957 Senate 1957 House of Representatives
1959 1959 Senate 1959 local
1961 1961 general 1961 presidential 1961 Senate 1961 House of Representatives
1963 1963 Senate 1963 local
1965 1965 general 1965 presidential 1965 Senate 1965 House of Representatives
1967 1967 Senate 1967 local
1969 1969 general 1969 presidential 1969 Senate 1969 House of Representatives
1970 1970 constitutional convention
1971 1971 Senate 1971 local
1973 constitutional (January)
martial law (July)
1975 executive and legislative powers
1976 constitutional
1977 constitutional
1978 1978 parliamentary
1980 1980 local
1981 1981 presidential constitutional (April)
barangay institutionalization (June)
1982 1982 Barangay
1984 1984 parliamentary constitutional
1986 1986 presidential
1987 1987 legislative 1987 Senate 1987 House of Representatives constitutional
1988 1988 local
1989 1889 Barangay
1992 1992 general 1992 presidential 1992 Senate 1992 House of Representatives 1992 local 1992 SK
1994 1994 Barangay
1995 1995 general 1995 Senate 1995 House of Representatives 1995 local
1996 1996 SK
1997 1997 Barangay
1998 1998 general 1998 presidential 1998 Senate 1998 House of Representatives 1998 local
2001 2001 general 2001 Senate 2001 House of Representatives 2001 local
2002 2002 Barangay and SK
2004 2004 general 2004 presidential 2004 Senate 2004 House of Representatives 2004 local
2007 2007 general 2007 Senate 2007 House of Representatives 2007 local 2007 Barangay and SK
2010 2010 general 2010 presidential 2010 Senate 2010 House of Representatives 2010 local 2010 Barangay and SK
2013 2013 general 2013 Senate 2013 House of Representatives 2013 local 2013 Barangay
2016 2016 general 2016 presidential 2016 Senate 2016 House of Representatives 2016 local

Latest elections[edit]

The latest presidential and vice presidential elections were held in May 2010. The latest national and local elections are the May 2013 polls, followed in October by barangay elections.

2010 presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Benigno Aquino III Liberal 15,208,678 42.08%
Joseph Estrada PMP 9,487,837 26.25%
Manny Villar Nacionalista 5,573,835 15.42%
Gilberto Teodoro Lakas-Kampi 4,095,839 11.33%
Eddie Villanueva Bangon Pilipinas 1,125,878 3.12%
Richard Gordon Bagumbayan-VNP 501,727 1.39%
Nicanor Perlas Independent 54,575 0.15%
Jamby Madrigal Independent 46,489 0.13%
John Carlos de los Reyes Ang Kapatiran 44,244 0.12%
Total valid votes 36,139,102 94.73%
Vetallano Acosta[p 1] KBL 181,985 0.48%
Total invalid votes 2,010,269 5.27%
Total turnout 38,149,371 74.34%
Registered voters 51,292,465 100.00%
  1. ^ Disqualified after the ballots were printed. All of his votes are considered spoiled

2010 vice presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Jejomar Binay PDP-Laban[v 1] 14,645,574 41.65%
Mar Roxas Liberal 13,918,490 39.58%
Loren Legarda NPC[v 2] 4,294,664 12.21%
Bayani Fernando Bagumbayan-VNP 1,017,631 2.89%
Edu Manzano Lakas-Kampi 807,728 2.30%
Perfecto Yasay Bangon Pilipinas 364,652 1.04%
Jay Sonza KBL 64,230 0.18%
Dominador Chipeco, Jr. Ang Kapatiran 52,562 0.15%
Total valid votes 35,165,555 92.18%
Total invalid votes 2,983,816 7.82%
Total turnout 38,149,371 74.38%
Registered voters 51,292,555 100.00%
  1. ^ Binay is Joseph Estrada's (PMP) guest candidate for vice president.
  2. ^ Legarda is Manny Villar's (Nacionalista) guest candidate for vice president.

2013 legislative election[edit]

2013 Senate election[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 13, 2013 Philippine Senate election results per party
Party Popular vote Breakdown Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Not up Gains Holds Losses Won End 15th 16th +/−
Start %
UNA (United Nationalist Alliance)[s 1] 80,257,922 26.97% Increase 11.11% 8 1 2 1 2 0 3 3 5 21% Increase 2
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 45,531,389 15.30% Decrease 1.40% 3 3 2 0 3 0 3 5 5 21% Steady
Liberal (Liberal Party) 33,678,948 11.32% Decrease 15.02% 3 1 3 0 1 0 1 4 4 17% Steady
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 30,204,220 10.15% Increase 5.63% 2 1 1 0 1 0 1 2 2 8% Steady
LDP (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) 16,005,564 5.38% Increase 5.38% 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 4% Steady
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party – People's Power) 14,725,114 4.95% Increase 2.72% 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 4% Steady
Akbayan (Akbayan Citizens' Action Party) 10,944,843 3.68% Increase 3.68% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Bangon Pilipinas (Rise Up, Philippines) 6,932,985 2.33% Increase 0.15% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Makabayan (Patriotic Coalition of the People) 4,295,151 1.44% Increase 1.44% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) 2,975,641 1.00% Increase 0.16% 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
DPP (Democratic Party of the Philippines) 2,500,967 0.84% Increase 0.84% 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Social Justice Society 1,240,104 0.42% Increase 0.42% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Lakas-CMD (People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats) Not participating 1 2 0 0 0 0 3 2 8% Decrease 1
PRP (People's Reform Party) Not participating 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 4% Steady
Independent 48,332,949 16.24% Increase 8.16% 5 2 0 0 2 0 2 3 3 13% Steady
Vacancy 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0% Decrease 1
Total votes 297,625,797 N/A 33 12 12 1 10 1 12 24 24 100% TBD
Turnout 40,144,207 75.77% Increase 1.43%
Registered voters 52,982,173 100% Increase 3.24%
  1. ^ An electoral alliance of the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban) and of the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP), UNA has candidates from both parties, with all running under the UNA banner. However, one candidate is running under the PDP-Laban banner and is not included in these figures. Therefore, figures are as compared from the PMP's 2010 figures.

2013 House of Representatives elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 13, 2013 Philippine House of Representatives election results for representatives from congressional districts
Party/coalition Popular vote Breakdown Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Gains Holds Losses Wins Elected %[hd 1] +/−[hd 2]
Liberal (Liberal Party) 10,557,265 38.27% Increase 18.34% 160 93 22 85 8 4 111 37.7% Increase 18
Bukidnon Paglaum (Hope for Bukidnon) 100,405 0.36% Increase 0.36% 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.3% Steady
Kusug Agusanon (Progressive Agusan) 71,436 0.26% Increase 0.26% 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.3% Steady
KKK (Struggle for Peace, Progress and Justice) 54,425 0.20% Increase 0.16% 2 [hd 3] 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Akbayan (Akbayan Citizens' Action Party) 34,239 0.12% Increase 0.12% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Liberal Party coalition 10,817,770 39.22% Increase 19.45% 165 95 22 86 8 4 113 38.7% Increase 18
UNA (United Nationalist Alliance) 3,140,381 11.38% Increase 11.38% 55 11 3 5 6 0 8 2.7% Decrease 3
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party – People's Power) 281,320 1.02% Increase 0.30% 13 [hd 4] 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 144,030 0.52% Decrease 1.98% 11 [hd 5] 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
KABAKA (Partner of the Nation for Progress) 94,966 0.34% Increase 0.14% 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.3% Steady
Magdiwang (Magdiwang Party) 23,253 0.08% Decrease 0.05% 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0.3% Increase 1
1-Cebu (One Cebu) 21,936 0.08% Increase 0.08% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
United Nationalist Alliance coalition 3,127,769 11.34% Increase 7.79% 82 12 3 7 4 0 10 3.4% Decrease 2
Kambilan (Shield and Fellowship of Kapampangans) 96,433 0.35% Increase 0.35% 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.3% Increase 1
Unang Sigaw (First Cry of Nueva Ecija–Party of Change) 94,952 0.35% Increase 0.34% 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.3% Increase 1
United Negros Alliance 91,467 0.33% Increase 0.33% 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.3% Steady
Hugpong (Party of the People of the City) 65,324 0.24% Increase 0.24% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Sulong Zambales (Forward Zambales) 60,280 0.22% Increase 0.22% 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0.0% Decrease 1
PPP (Party of Change for Palawan) 57,485 0.21% Increase 0.21% 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.3% Increase 1
BALANE (New Force of Nueva Ecija Party) 39,372 0.14% Increase 0.14% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Tingog Leytenon (Positive Leyte) 34,025 0.12% Increase 0.13% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
AZAP (Forward Zamboanga Party) 15,881 0.06% Increase 0.06% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Ompia (Ompia Party) 1,682 0.01% Increase 0.01% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Unaffiliated local parties 556,901 2.02% Increase 1.84% 10 2 3 1 1 0 4 1.4% Increase 2
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 4,800,907 17.40% Increase 1.44% 71 40 4 34 6 4 42 14.4% Increase 2
NUP (National Unity Party) 2,394,631 8.68% Increase 8.68% 34 30 0 24 6 0 24 8.2% Decrease 6
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 2,340,994 8.49% Decrease 2.86% 44 20 4 13 7 0 17 5.8% Decrease 3
Lakas (People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats) 1,472,464 5.34% Decrease 32.07% 24 18 0 13 5 1 14 4.8% Decrease 4
Aksyon (Democratic Action) 97,982 0.36% Decrease 0.09% 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
KBL (New Society Movement) 94,484 0.34% Decrease 0.12% 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.3% Steady
LDP (Struggle of the Democratic Filipinos) 90,070 0.33% Decrease 0.15% 4 1 1 1 0 0 2 0.7% Increase 1
CDP (Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines) 68,281 0.25% Increase 0.25% 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.3% Steady
Ang Kapatiran (Aliance for the Common Good) 19,019 0.07% Decrease 0.06% 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
PMM (Workers' and Farmers' Party) 10,396 0.04% Decrease 2.59% 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
PLM (Party of the Laboring Masses) 10,196 0.04% Increase 0.04% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Makabayan (Patriotic Coalition of the People) 3,870 0.01% Increase 0.01% 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
DPP (Democratic Party of the Philippines) 1,071 0.00% Increase 0.00% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0% Steady
Independent 1,665,324 6.04% Decrease 0.91% 172 4 4 1 3 1 6 2.1% Increase 2
Vacancy 5 0 0 5 0 0.0% Decrease 5
Total 27,584,741 100% N/A 628 229 43 181 43 10 234 80.1% Increase 5
Valid votes 27,584,741 86.94% Decrease 4.59%
Invalid votes 4,148,957 13.08% Increase 4.25%
Turnout
Registered voters (without overseas voters) 52,014,648 100% Increase 2.54%
  1. ^ Of all 292 House members, including party-list representatives.
  2. ^ From last composition of the 15th Congress.
  3. ^ All incumbent KKK representatives are co-nominated by the Liberal Party.
  4. ^ All incumbent PDP-Laban representatives are running under the United Nationalist Alliance.
  5. ^ All incumbent PMP representatives are running under the United Nationalist Alliance.
e • d Summary of the May 13, 2013 Philippine House of Representatives election results for party-list representatives
Party Popular vote Seats
Total % Swing Up Won +/−
Buhay 1,265,992 4.44% Increase 0.17% 2 3 Increase 1
A TEACHER 1,040,898 3.65% Increase 1.54% 2 2 Steady
Bayan Muna 952,767 3.34% Increase 0.78% 2 2 Steady
1-CARE 933,831 3.27% Increase 0.64% 2 2 Steady
Akbayan 827,405 2.90% Decrease 0.72% 2 2 Steady
Abono 767,645 2.69% Increase 0.07% 2 2 Steady
AKB 763,103 2.67% Decrease 2.53% 3 2 Decrease 1
OFW Family 750,753 2.63% Increase 2.63% 0 2 Increase 2
GABRIELA 713,492 2.50% Decrease 0.93% 2 2 Steady
Senior Citizens 677,642 2.38% Decrease 2.04% 1[p 1] '
Coop-NATCCO 641,355 2.25% Decrease 0.97% 2 2 Steady
AGAP 592,069 2.08% Increase 0.32% 1 2 Increase 1
CIBAC 583,768 2.05% Decrease 0.18% 2 2 Steady
Magdalo 565,883 1.98% Increase 1.98% 0 2 Increase 2
An Waray 540,906 1.90% Decrease 0.53% 2 2 Steady
ABAMIN 465,989 1.63% Increase 0.34% 1 1 Steady
ACT Teachers 453,491 1.59% Increase 0.32% 1 1 Steady
Butil 438,601 1.54% Decrease 0.19% 1 1 Steady
AMIN 376,932 1.32% Increase 0.77% 0 1 Increase 1
ACT-CIS 376,175 1.32% Increase 1.32% 0 1 Increase 1
Kalinga 371,610 1.30% Decrease 0.51% 1 1 Steady
LPGMA 370,360 1.30% Decrease 0.13% 1 1 Steady
TUCP 368,883 1.29% Increase 0.45% 1 1 Steady
YACAP 366,340 1.28% Increase 0.13% 1 1 Steady
AGRI 365,516 1.28% Increase 1.11% 0 1 Increase 1
ANGKLA 360,138 1.26% Increase 1.26% 0 1 Increase 1
ABS 358,693 1.26% Increase 0.38% 1 1 Steady
DIWA 341,443 1.20% Increase 0.38% 1 1 Steady
Kabataan 340,573 1.19% Decrease 0.24% 1 1 Steady
Anakpawis 321,110 1.13% Decrease 0.40% 1 1 Steady
Alay Buhay 316,947 1.11% Increase 0.55% 1 1 Steady
AAMBIS-Owa 311,725 1.09% Decrease 0.13% 1 1 Steady
1-SAGIP 287,060 1.01% Increase 1.01% 0 1 Increase 1
AVE 270,159 0.95% Increase 0.21% 1 1 Steady
ATING Koop 267,452 0.94% Increase 0.34% 1 1 Steady
Abang Lingkod 260,215 0.91% Increase 0.80% 0 1 Increase 1
1-BAP 245,237 0.86% Increase 0.86% 0 1 Increase 1
ABAKADA 243,994 0.86% Increase 0.53% 0 1 Increase 1
AMA 243,551 0.85% Increase 0.64% 0 1 Increase 1
Ang Nars 242,835 0.85% Increase 0.85% 0 1 Increase 1
ANAC-IP 241,261 0.85% Increase 0.85% 0 1 Increase 1
Agbiag! 240,633 0.84% Decrease 0.06% 1 1 Steady
Append 236,083 0.83% Increase 0.83% 0 1 Increase 1
ALIF 218,696 0.77% Decrease 0.01% 1 0
Ating Guro 213,723 0.75% Increase 0.75% 0 0 Steady
PBA 211,915 0.74% Decrease 0.14% 1 0 Decrease 1
Aangat Tayo 207,494 0.73% Increase 0.12% 1 0 Decrease 1
Ang Kasangga 201,413 0.71% Decrease 0.30% 1 0 Decrease 1
ANAD 200,972 0.70% Decrease 0.32% 1 0 Decrease 1
BH 189,108 0.66% Decrease 0.34% 1 0 Decrease 1
BINHI 185,537 0.65% Increase 0.28% 0 0 Steady
KAKUSA 174,940 0.61% Decrease 0.19% 1 0 Decrease 1
PISTON 174,561 0.61% Increase 0.61% 0 0 Steady
Bayani 165,356 0.58% Increase 0.32% 0 0 Steady
AKMA-PTM 164,980 0.58% Increase 0.02% 0 0 Steady
ADA 164,628 0.58% Increase 0.48% 0 0 Steady
1-AALALAY 162,410 0.57% Increase 0.57% 0 0 Steady
Abante Retirees 161,490 0.57% Increase 0.57% 0 0 Steady
Katribu 153,796 0.54% Increase 0.15% 0 0 Steady
1-JAMG 152,981 0.54% Increase 0.54% 0 0 Steady
ABROAD 150,546 0.53% Decrease 0.23% 0 0 Steady
ALE 149,601 0.52% Decrease 0.06% 1 0 Decrease 1
VFP 148,372 0.52% Decrease 0.01% 0 0 Steady
APEC 146,111 0.51% Decrease 0.56% 1 0 Decrease 1
Pasang Masda 134,618 0.47% Increase 0.35% 0 0 Steady
1 ang Pamilya 131,632 0.46% Decrease 0.28% 1 0 Decrease 1
AGHAM 130,425 0.46% Decrease 0.37% 1 0 Decrease 1
Ang Prolife 129,790 0.45% Increase 0.45% 0 0 Steady
PACYAW 123,479 0.43% Decrease 0.06% 0 0 Steady
1-UTAK 123,132 0.43% Decrease 0.32% 1 0 Decrease 1
1-LAMBAT 119,251 0.42% Increase 0.42% 0 0 Steady
1-PABAHAY 117,227 0.41% Increase 0.41% 0 0 Steady
Akap Bata 116,547 0.41% Increase 0.04% 0 0 Steady
BANTAY 113,798 0.40% Increase 0.12% 0 0 Steady
Abante KA 111,429 0.39% Increase 0.30% 0 0 Steady
COCOFED 103,393 0.36% Increase 0.06% 0 0 Steady
FIRM 24-K 103,247 0.36% Increase 0.03% 0 0 Steady
ABA 101,875 0.36% Decrease 0.11% 0 0 Steady
Ang Ladlad 100,666 0.35% Decrease 0.04% 0 0 Steady
Atong Paglaum 95,467 0.33% Decrease 0.17% 0 0 Steady
1ST KABAGIS 94,560 0.33% Increase 0.04% 0 0 Steady
AANI 93,416 0.33% Increase 0.13% 0 0 Steady
AA-KASOSYO 88,073 0.31% Decrease 0.28% 1 0 Decrease 1
1BRO-PGBI 87,030 0.31% Increase 0.31% 0 0 Steady
PWD 86,590 0.30% Increase 0.30% 0 0 Steady
Sanlakas 85,939 0.30% Increase 0.30% 0 0 Steady
SMART 83,033 0.29% Increase 0.19% 0 0 Steady
ATM 81,331 0.29% Decrease 0.20% 0 0 Steady
AKO 80,301 0.28% Decrease 0.03% 0 0 Steady
ADAM 76,734 0.27% Increase 0.05% 0 0 Steady
ARAL 76,695 0.27% Increase 0.13% 0 0 Steady
KAAKBAY 71,373 0.25% Decrease 0.30% 0 0 Steady
ANG MINERO 67,695 0.24% Increase 0.11% 0 0 Steady
ALIM 64,976 0.23% Decrease 0.07% 0 0 Steady
AASENSO 64,685 0.23% Increase 0.23% 0 0 Steady
1-AAMOVER 59,624 0.21% Increase 0.21% 0 0 Steady
AMA 58,765 0.21% Increase 0.21% 0 0 Steady
1GANAP/Guardians 57,712 0.20% Decrease 0.21% 0 0 Steady
KAP 57,104 0.20% Increase 0.20% 0 0 Steady
AKO BAHAY 51,688 0.18% Increase 0.00% 0 0 Steady
Migrante 51,353 0.18% Increase 0.18% 0 0 Steady
Alyansa ng OFW 50,670 0.18% Decrease 0.13% 0 0 Steady
UMALAB KA 45,412 0.16% Increase 0.16% 0 0 Steady
ARC 45,009 0.16% Decrease 0.04% 0 0 Steady
ABP 44,269 0.16% Decrease 0.03% 0 0 Steady
A BLESSED 43,745 0.15% Decrease 0.06% 0 0 Steady
AAMA 42,806 0.15% Decrease 0.02% 0 0 Steady
ADING 42,718 0.15% Increase 0.15% 0 0 Steady
ARARO 41,206 0.14% Decrease 0.36% 0 0 Steady
UNI-MAD 40,974 0.14% Increase 0.04% 0 0 Steady
AMOR Seaman 40,849 0.14% Increase 0.14% 0 0 Steady
MTM PHILS 40,141 0.14% Increase 0.14% 0 0 Steady
AWAT Mindanao 39,157 0.14% Increase 0.01% 0 0 Steady
Green Force 30,503 0.11% Decrease 0.04% 0 0 Steady
Agila 29,673 0.10% Decrease 0.26% 0 0 Steady
A-IPRA 28,240 0.10% Decrease 0.16% 0 0 Steady
AMS 27,833 0.10% Increase 0.04% 0 0 Steady
Alagad 27,348 0.10% Decrease 0.68% 1 0 Decrease 1
AFPSEGCO 24,329 0.09% Increase 0.04% 0 0 Steady
KLBP 21,881 0.08% Decrease 0.09% 0 0 Steady
1-ABILIDAD 19,340 0.07% Increase 0.07% 0 0 Steady
ALLUMAD 7,631 0.03% Increase 0.01% 0 0 Steady
AG 4,252 0.01% Decrease 0.91% 1 0 Decrease 1
Vacancy 1[p 1] Decrease 1
Valid votes 28,531,784 68.71% Decrease 8.12% 57 58* Increase 1
Invalid and blank votes 9,839,271 31.29% Increase 8.12%
Total turnout 40,144,207 77.19% Increase 2.85%
Registered voters 52,006,910 100% Increase 1.33%

*2 seats still to be decided.

  1. ^ a b When one of the Senior Citizens representatives resigned, the Commission on Elections refused to elevate the next person on the list as an elected representative after it was revealed to be a part of a term-sharing agreement which the commission prohibited.

2013 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao general election[edit]

2013 gubernatorial elections[edit]

2013 local elections[edit]

2013 barangay elections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quezon, Manuel III (2006-11-20). "Block voting". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-12-10. 

External links[edit]

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