Philippine general election, 1949

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Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 8, 1949 in the Philippines. Incumbent President Elpidio Quirino won a full term as President of the Philippines after the death of President Manuel Roxas in 1948. His running mate, Senator Fernando Lopez won as Vice President. Despite factions created in the administration party, Quirino won a satisfactory vote from the public. It was the only time in Philippine history where the duly elected president, vice president and senators all came from the same party, the Liberal Party. Carlos P. Romulo and Marvin M. Gray, publisher of the Manila Evening News, accuse Quirino in their book The Magsaysay Story (The John Day Company, 1956, updated – with an additional chapter on Magsaysay's death – re-edition by Pocket Books, Special Student Edition, SP-18, December 1957) of widespread fraud and intimidation of the opposition by military action, calling it the "dirty election".

Results[edit]

President[edit]

e • d Summary of the November 8, 1949 Philippine presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Elpidio Quirino Liberal (Quirino Wing) 1,803,808 50.93%
José P. Laurel Nacionalista 1,318,330 37.22%
José Avelino Liberal (Avelino Wing) 419,890 11.85%
Valid votes 3,542,028 98.9%
Invalid votes 37,899 1.1%
Votes cast 3,579,917 69.7%
Registered voters 5,135,814 100.0%

Vice-President[edit]

e • d Summary of the November 8, 1949 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Fernando Lopez Liberal (Quirino Wing) 1,341,284 52.19%
Manuel Briones Nacionalista 1,184,215 46.08%
Vicente J. Francisco Liberal (Avelino Wing) 44,510 1.73%
Valid votes 3,370,067 94.1%
Invalid votes 209,850 5.9%
Votes cast 3,579,917 69.7%
Registered voters 5,135,814 100.0%

Senate[edit]

e • d Summary of the November 8, 1949 Philippine Senate election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes %
1. Quintin Paredes Liberal 1,756,898 49.1%
2. Esteban R. Abada Liberal 1,685,520 47.1%
3. Lorenzo Sumulong Liberal 1,615,124 45.1%
4. Enrique B. Magalona Liberal 1,577,083 44.1%
5. Tomas Cabili Liberal 1,575,075 44.0%
6. Macario Peralta, Jr. Liberal 1,566,376 43.8%
7. Justiniano Montano Liberal 1,515,569 42.3%
8. Teodoro de Vera1 Liberal 1,486,158 41.5%
9. Claro M. Recto Nacionalista 1,390,528 38.8%
10. Alejo R. Mabanag Nacionalista 1,150,818 32.1%
11. Trinidad Legarda Nacionalista 1,108,732 31.0%
12. Jose O. Vera Nacionalista 1,101,996 30.8%
13. Jose Ma. Veloso Nacionalista 1,069,817 29.9%
14. Marcelo Adduru Nacionalista 1,053,754 29.4%
15. Pedro Hernaez Nacionalista 1,025,342 28.6%
16. Domocao Alonto Nacionalista 999,581 27.9%
17. Jose T. Nueno Liberal (Avelino Wing) 391,394 10.9%
18. Salipada Pendatun Liberal (Avelino Wing) 374,340 10.5%
19. Olegario Clarin Liberal (Avelino Wing) 346,921 9.7%
20. Filemon Sotto Liberal (Avelino Wing) 343,823 9.6%
21. Felicidad Manuel Liberal (Avelino Wing) 340,781 9.5%
22. Aurelio Intertas Liberal (Avelino Wing) 293,630 8.2%
23. Jose Tando Liberal (Avelino Wing) 291,550 8.1%
24. Apolonio Cuarto Liberal (Avelino Wing) 267,073 7.5%
Total turnout 3,579,917 69.7%
Total votes 24,336,652 N/A
Registered voters 5,135,814 100.0%
Note: A total of 27 candidates ran for senator. Source:[1]
^1 Replaced by Claro M. Recto as per decision of Senate Electoral Tribunal dated April 3, 1952.

House of Representatives[edit]

e • d Summary of the November 8, 1949 Philippine House of Representatives election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats won
Total  % Swing Total  % +/−
Liberal 1,834,173 53.00% Increase 15.15% 60 60.00% Increase 11
Nacionalista 1,178,402 34.05% Decrease 13.01% 33 33.00% Decrease 2
Liberal (Avelino wing) 385,188 11.13% Increase 11.13% 6 6.00% Increase 6
Citizens' 6,434 0.19% Increase 0.19% 0 0.00% Steady
Democratic 3,760 0.11% Increase 0.11% 0 0.00% Steady
People's 3,423 0.10% Increase 0.10% 0 0.00% Steady
Collectivsta 193 0.01% Increase 0.01% 0 0.00% Steady
Christian Democrats 52 0.10% Increase 0.00% 0 0.00% Steady
Independent 49,265 1.42% Decrease 2.32% 1 1.00% Decrease 5
Totals 3,460,888 100.00% -- 100 100.00% Increase 2
Source: Teehankee, Julio. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines". quezon.ph. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christof Hartmann; Graham Hassall; Soliman M. Santos, Jr. (2001). Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz and Christof Hartmann, ed. Elections in Asia and the Pacific Vol. II. Oxford University Press. pp. 185–230. ISBN 0199249598. 

External links[edit]