Philippine general election, 1992

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Presidential and vice presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the Presidency down to municipal councillors in the first general election under the 1987 Constitution. Even though she was permitted by the Constitution to run for a second term, President Corazon Aquino did not stand for re-election.

Retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas-NUCD won a six-year term as President of the Philippines by a small margin, narrowly defeating populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of the People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in Philippine electoral history. Miriam Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days, but was overtaken by Ramos afterwards. Santiago accused Ramos of fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence, but her protest was eventually dismissed.

The 1992 election was the second time both the President and Vice-President came from different parties. Film actor and Senator Joseph Estrada won a six-year term as Ramos' Vice-President by a landslide victory.

Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in the polls. The first twelve senators who garnered the highest votes would have a six-year term while the next twelve senators would have a three-year term. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice-Mayor Vicente Sotto III got the highest number of votes.

Results[edit]

For President[edit]

Summary[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Fidel V. Ramos Lakas 5,342,521 23.58%
Miriam Defensor-Santiago PRP 4,468,173 19.72%
Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. NPC 4,116,376 18.17%
Ramon Mitra, Jr. LDP 3,316,661 14.64%
Imelda Marcos KBL 2,338,294 10.32%
Jovito Salonga Liberal 2,302,123 10.16%
Salvador Laurel Nacionalista 770,046 3.40%
Valid votes 22,654,195 93.4%
Invalid votes 1,600,759 6.6%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079 100.00%
Source: Congress of the Philippines

Breakdown[edit]

For Vice President[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Joseph Estrada NPC 6,739,738 33.00%
Marcelo Fernan LDP 4,438,494 21.74%
Emilio Osmeña Lakas 3,362,467 16.47%
Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. PRP 2,900,556 14.20%
Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. PDP-Laban 2,023,289 9.91%
Vicente Magsaysay KBL 699,895 3.43%
Eva Estrada-Kalaw Nacionalista 255,730 1.25%
Valid votes 20,420,169 84.2%
Invalid votes 3,834,785 15.8%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079 100.0%

For Senator[edit]

Tally of votes[edit]

The top 12 elected candidates were to serve from June 30, 1992 until June 30, 1998 while the following 12 elected candidates were to serve from June 30, 1992 until June 30, 1995. A total of 166 candidates ran for senator.

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine Senate election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes
1 Tito Sotto LDP 11,792,121
2 Ramon Revilla, Sr. LDP 8,321,278
3 Edgardo Angara LDP 8,019,011
4 Ernesto Herrera LDP 7,219,170
5 Alberto Romulo LDP 6,824,256
6 Ernesto Maceda NPC 6,820,717
7 Orly Mercado LDP 6,691,132
8 Neptali Gonzales LDP 6,578,582
9 Leticia Ramos Shahani Lakas 6,578,582
10 Heherson Alvarez LDP 6,360,898
11 Blas Ople LDP 6,024,930
12 Freddie Webb LDP 5,929,426
13 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo LDP 5,858,950
14 Teofisto Guingona, Jr. LDP 5,830,044
15 Santanina Rasul Lakas 5,546,803
16 Jose Lina, Jr. LDP 5,064,291
17 Anna Dominique Coseteng NPC 5,008,981
18 Arturo Tolentino NPC 4,929,625
19 Raul Roco LDP 4,884,455
20 Rodolfo Biazon LDP 4,863,752
21 Wigberto Tañada Liberal-PDP-LABAN 4,492,718
22 Francisco Tatad NPC 4,487,896
23 John Henry Osmeña NPC 4,408,145
24 Agapito Aquino LDP 3,964,966
25 Silvestre Bello III Lakas 3,964,000
26 Carlos Padilla, Jr. LDP 3,828,679
27 Alexander Aguirre NPC 3,755,837
28 Mamintal Tamano LDP 3,642,828
29 Jose Concepcion, Jr. LDP 3,598,935
30 Alfredo Rafael Bengzon Lakas 3,559,202
31 Francisco Sumulong Lakas 3,167,838
32 Estelito Mendoza NPC 3,122,467
33 Victor Ziga Liberal-PDP-LABAN 3,151,251
34 Sotero Laurel Nacionalista 3,002,874
35 Francisco Chavez Lakas 2,948,912
Source: Philippine Commission on Elections

For members of the House of Representatives[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine House of Representatives election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats won
Total  % Total  %
LDP 6,286,922 33.7 86 43.2
Lakas 3,951,144 17.3 40 20.1
NPC 3,478,780 18.7 30 15.1
Liberal/PDP-Laban alliance 1,644,568 8.8 11 5.5
Nacionalista 730,696 3.9 7 3.5
Candidates that ran under 2 or more parties 679,411 3.6 14 7.0
KBL 438,577 2.4 3 1.5
Others 491,970 2.6 2 1.0
Independent 938,558 5.0 6 3.0
Total 18,640,626 100.0 199 100.0
Source: Teehankee, Julio. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines". quezon.ph. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 

Political Parties in 1992[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]