Philippine presidential election, 1992

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Philippine presidential election, 1992
Philippines
1986 ←
May 11, 1992 → 1998

  Ramos Pentagon.jpg Miriam Defensor Santiago.jpg
Nominee Fidel V. Ramos Miriam Defensor-Santiago Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.
Party Lakas PRP NPC
Running mate Emilio Osmeña Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. Joseph Estrada
Popular vote 5,342,521 4,468,173 4,116,376
Percentage 23.58% 19.72% 18.17%

1992 Philippine presidential election result per province.png

Election results per province/city.

President before election

Corazon Aquino
PDP-Laban

Elected President

Fidel V. Ramos
Lakas

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. This was the first general elections under the 1987 Philippine Constitution. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the presidency down to municipal councilors. Even if the constitution allowed her to do so, President Corazon Aquino did not run again.

In the presidential election, retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas-NUCD won a six-year term as President, by a small margin, narrowly defeated populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in the Philippine electoral history, and beat the previous election for the closest margin of victory, percentage-wise (this record would later be beaten by the 2004 election). Miriam Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days but then was overtaken by Ramos in a few days. Santiago, cried fraud, filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence. Her protest was eventually dismissed.

The 1992 election was the second time both president and vice president came from different parties. Movie actor and Senator Joseph Estrada won a six-year term as Vice President, by a landslide victory.

Under the transitory provisions of the Philippine constitution, 24 senators were elected in this election. The first 12 senators who garnered the highest votes would have six-year terms while the next 12 senators would have three-year terms. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. TV personality and Quezon City Vice Mayor Vicente Sotto III (also known as Tito Sotto) got the highest number of votes.

Results[edit]

For President[edit]

Summary[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Fidel V. Ramos Lakas 5,342,521 23.58%
Miriam Defensor-Santiago PRP 4,468,173 19.72%
Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. NPC 4,116,376 18.17%
Ramon Mitra, Jr. LDP 3,316,661 14.64%
Imelda Marcos KBL 2,338,294 10.32%
Jovito Salonga Liberal 2,302,123 10.16%
Salvador Laurel Nacionalista 770,046 3.40%
Valid votes 22,654,195 93.4%
Invalid votes 1,600,759 6.6%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079 100.00%
Source: Congress of the Philippines
Popular vote
Ramos
  
23.58%
Defensor-Santiago
  
19.72%
Cojuangco
  
18.17%
Mitra
  
14.64%
Marcos
  
10.32%
Salonga
  
10.16%
Laurel
  
3.40%

Breakdown[edit]

For Vice President[edit]

Summary[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Joseph Estrada NPC 6,739,738 33.00%
Marcelo Fernan LDP 4,438,494 21.74%
Emilio Osmeña Lakas 3,362,467 16.47%
Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. PRP 2,900,556 14.20%
Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. PDP-Laban 2,023,289 9.91%
Vicente Magsaysay KBL 699,895 3.43%
Eva Estrada-Kalaw Nacionalista 255,730 1.25%
Valid votes 20,420,169 84.2%
Invalid votes 3,834,785 15.8%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079 100.0%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]