Philippines–Thailand relations

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Philippines–Thailand relations
Map indicating locations of Philippines and Thailand

Philippines

Thailand

The Philippines-Thailand relations continues to be warm and friendly.[1] Formal Relations with Thailand was established 14 June 1949.[2] Thailand is one of the Philippines major trade partners and one of the Philippines' source of rice through Thai exports.[3] Bilateral Relations continues to be strengthen through talks and agreements on economic, security and cultural matters including concerns on Rice trade, fight on drugs and human trafficking.[4] Thailand has an embassy in Manila, as well the Philippines maintains an embassy in Bangkok.

History[edit]

The Philippines and Thailand began its relation way-back in the 13th century in the context of Southeast Asian maritime trade. Archaeological records point not only to commercial and cultural ties but also a recognition of their political stature. Siam with its kingdoms and the Philippines with its rajahs. There were also ceramic wares from Sukhothai and Sawankhalok found in Luzon and Visayas region as evidence of early relations. Southeast Asian wares found in the Philippines from the 13th century to 16th century period were mostly from Siam. In 1586, two decades after Spain set foot in the Philippines, Siam was mentioned as a possible goal of commercial interests and physical expansion and the first contact was made between Spain and Thailand. Trade relations between the Philippine archipelago and Siam were distrupted as Spain prioritized developing trade between Philippines to the Americas and the Iberian peninsula[5][6]

During the American colonial administration in the Philippines, relations remain limited to commercial exchanges, consular contacts and the admission of Thai students to study in the then American colony. During this period, the biggest import of the Philippines to Thailand was rice and Thailand's biggest import from the Philippines was abaca. As early as 1926, Philippine universities and colleges began to accept students from Thailand. And after 1949, specifically during the economic crisis, the Philippines imported Thai agricultural commodities especially rice.[7]

On June 14, 1949, official diplomatic relations were established between the Philippines and Thailand.

During the later years of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos' term and President Corazon Aquino's whole term, from 1978-1992, relations between the Philippines and Thailand were neglected due to economic crisis and the political situation in the Philippines. The relations were strengthened again after the said period.[8]

Agreement signed[edit]

A Treaty of Friendship signed by both countries in 1949. Bilateral and trade relations between the two countries continue to be characterized by harmony, dynamism, and warmth and strengthened when they became founding members of the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization in 1954 and ASEAN in 1967. Several bilateral agreements have since been signed on defense, investment, environment, tourism, air services, and scientific, technical, agriculture, and telecommunications exchanges.[9] Thailand and the Philippines signed three agreements on taxation, energy and business cooperation during a high-level Thai delegation's visit to the Philippines. One of these agreement between the education ministries of the two countries will be signed on exchange of English language teachers to improve language proficiency of the Thai people.[10]

State visit[edit]

Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra and Philippine President Benigno Aquino III

In 1963, His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit, made a 5 day state visited to the Philippines. Philippine President Fidel V. Ramos visited Thailand in December 1995 followed by President Joseph Estrada in December 1998. Many other high-level visits, people-to-people contact, and cooperation under various frameworks mark the mutually beneficial relations between the two countries.[11] In 2011, President Benigno Aquino III undertakes his first official visit to Thailand. He meet Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva. The visit aims to further strengthen the Philippines deep and strong bilateral relations with Thailand, as well as cooperation within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in order to help build a secure and prosperous ASEAN Community in 2015. The Chief Executive will be accorded with ceremonial honors befitting a head of state like an official welcome ceremony at the Government House in Dusit Bangkok.[12] Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra visit Philippines to highlights the 63rd anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between and the Philippines and Thailand. [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The 60th Anniversary of Thai-Philippine Diplomatic Relations
  2. ^ Overview of Relations
  3. ^ Phl, Thailand boost trade - The Philippine Star » News » Headlines
  4. ^ DFA: PHL, Thailand to strengthen fight vs drugs, human trafficking | GMA News Online | The Go-To Site for Filipinos Everywhere
  5. ^ "PHILIPPINES-THAILAND DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS DAY". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. June 13, 2012. 
  6. ^ Llanes, Ferdinand (1999). "Early Relations Between the Philippines and Thailand". To Comemorate the 50th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Kingdom of Thailand and the Republic of the Philippines. Bangkok: Erawan Printing Ltd. pp. 1–3. 
  7. ^ Llanes, Ferdinand (1999). "Early Relations Between the Philippines and Thailand". To Comemorate the 50th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Kingdom of Thailand and the Republic of the Philippines. Bangkok: Erawan Printing Ltd. pp. 5–7. 
  8. ^ To Comemorate the 50th Aniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Kingdom of Thailand and the Republic of the Philippines. Bangkok: Erawan Printing Ltd. 1999. p. 30. 
  9. ^ "PHILIPPINES-THAILAND DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS DAY". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. June 13, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Thailand, Phl sign agreements to boost cooperation". PhilSTAR. June 22, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Philippines-Thailand Diplomatic Relations 61st Anniversary". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. June 13, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Aquino to visit Thailand to boost ties, curb drug trafficking". Inquirer Global Nation. May 21, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Thailand Prime Minister visits the Philippines". Asia Society. September 4, 2012.