Philipsburg Manor House
|Location||Sleepy Hollow, NY|
|Nearest city||White Plains|
|Governing body||Historic Hudson Valley|
|NRHP Reference #||66000584|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||November 5, 1961 |
Philipsburg Manor is a historic house, water mill, and trading site located on US 9 in the village of Sleepy Hollow, New York. It is now operated as a non-profit museum by Historic Hudson Valley; an admission fee is charged. It was originally a manor house within Upper Mills section of Philipsburg Manor.
The manor dates from 1693 when Frederick Philipse of Yonkers was granted a charter for 52,000 acres (21,000 ha) along the Hudson River by William and Mary of England. He built Philipsburg Manor at the confluence of the Pocantico and Hudson Rivers, creating it as a provisioning plantation for the Atlantic sea trade and as headquarters for a worldwide shipping operation. For more than thirty years, Frederick and his son Adolph shipped hundreds of African men, women, and children as slaves across the Atlantic.
By the mid 18th century, the Philipse family had one of the largest slave-holdings in the colonial North. The manor was owned by an Anglo-Dutch family of merchants, tenanted by farmers of various European backgrounds, and operated by enslaved Africans. (In 1750, twenty-three enslaved men, women, and children lived and worked at the manor.)
At the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, the Philipses supported the British, and their landholdings were seized and auctioned off. The manor house was used during the war, most notably by British General Sir Henry Clinton during military activities in 1779. It was there that he wrote what is now known as the Philipsburg Proclamation, which declared all Patriot-owned slaves to be free, and that blacks taken prisoner while serving in Patriot forces would be sold into slavery.
Named a National Historic Landmark in 1961, the farm features a stone manor house filled with a good collection of 17th-and 18th century period furnishings, a working water-powered grist mill and millpond, an 18th century barn, a slave garden, and a reconstructed tenant farm house. Costumed interpreters re-enact life in pre-Revolutionary times, doing chores, milking the cows, and grinding grain in the grist mill.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in northern Westchester County, New York
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Philipsburg Manor". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-18.
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. 1975-01.
- Kelley, Robin; Lewis, Earl (2005). To Make Our World Anew: Volume I: A History of African Americans to 1880. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-19-518135-7.
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Photos". National Park Service. 1975-01.
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