Phillaur

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Phillaur
city
Nickname(s): Phul
Punjab
Phillaur
Phillaur
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°02′N 75°47′E / 31.03°N 75.78°E / 31.03; 75.78Coordinates: 31°02′N 75°47′E / 31.03°N 75.78°E / 31.03; 75.78
Country  India
State Punjab
District Jalandhar
Population (2001)
 • Total 22,228
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 144410
Telephone code 1826
Vehicle registration PB 37

Phillaur is a town and a municipal council in Jalandhar district in the Indian state of Punjab.

Overview[edit]

Phillaur is the railway junction on the border line of Ludhiana and Jalandhar Cantonment(older spelling: Jullundar). It was a junction for Lohian and Ferozepur. In pre-partition days, it was the main timber market of Punjab Region. It is situated on the banks of River Satluj (Sanskrit word: Shatuddru), one of the seven rivers of Sapt Sindhu river system. The timber cut in higher regions of Shivalik range was thrown into the River Satluj and then collected at Phillaur for further transportation. The dedicated railway line survives to this day but it is not functional. The town stands on the highway of traditional Grant Trunk Road (G. T. Road or Sher Suri Marg, now National Highway 1 - NH. 1). The actual G. T. Road passes through Phillaur. The older path of actual G. T. Road still survives along the railway bridge which crosses over to Ludhiana.

This town was named by a Sanghera Jut called Phul who named it earlier is Phulnagar. However the Naru Rajputs, sent by Rai Shahr, occupied this town when Shahr's son Ratan Pal left Mau and settled in Phillaur.

During Sher Shah Suri times (1540-1545 A. D.), a Sarai (for trading and military purpose) was raised at Phillaur. The Sarai was again revived by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan (1627-1657 A. D.)and used as Postal Center (Dak ghar) and Military camp. After the Treaty of Amritsar of 1809 between Ranjit Singh and the British East India Company, it became the border post of the Lahore Empire of Ranjit Singh. It was kept under Raja Dhanpat Rai who also acted as his munshi for the lands across the River Sutluj which fell in Ludhiana (made military cantonment by British in 1842.)The Sarai was converted into a fort as an outpost. Presently, the fort is called Ranjit Singh Fort. It is now being used as Police Training Academy (PTA). The Finger Print Bureau (1892) in police academy is one of the oldest institution in the region.

Geography[edit]

Phillaur is located at 31°02′N 75°47′E / 31.03°N 75.78°E / 31.03; 75.78.[1] It has an average elevation of 234 metres (767 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Phillaur had a population of 22,228. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Phillaur has an average literacy rate of 28%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 24%, and female literacy is 33%. In Phillaur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Composition of Jai Jagdish Hare[edit]

Main article: Jai Jagdish Hare

The popular Hindu hymn, Jai Jagdish Hare was composed by local scholar Shardha Ram Phillauri from Phillaur some time in 1870s. The exact date is not known. Shardha Ram Phillauri also wrote what is generally considered to the first novel in Hindi. There is a memorial commemorating him.

Villages in Phillaur Tehsil[edit]

Panj Dhera

References[edit]

External links[edit]