Philippa of Guelders
|Philippa of Guelders|
|Effigy of Philippa|
|Tenure||1 September 1485 – 10 December 1508|
|Spouse||René II, Duke of Lorraine|
|Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Claude, Duke of Guise
John, Cardinal of Lorraine
Louis, Count of Vaudémont
|House||House of Egmond
House of Vaudémont
|Father||Adolf of Egmond|
|Mother||Catharine of Bourbon|
9 November 1467|
|Died||28 February 1547
Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson
|Burial||Cordeliers Convent, Nancy|
Philippa was the twin sister of Charles, Duke of Guelders; they were born at Grave, Netherlands, and were their parents' only children. Their mother was the daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and his wife, Agnes of Burgundy.
To strengthen the ties between the Kingdom of France and the Duchy of Lorraine, Philippa was chosen as the bride of René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451–1508). The marriage took place in Orléans on 1 September 1485.
After the death of her husband Philippa tried to assume the regency of the duchy in the name of her son Antonio, who was only 9 years old, but it was decided that the child was old enough to reign alone.
On 13 June 1509 she redeemed the lordship of Mayenne from Margaret of Vaudémont, Duchess of Alençon. She retired to the convent Clarisse to Pont-à-Mousson on 15 December 1519 where she remained until her death.
While at the convent she commanded a magnificent altarpiece for the congregation, it remained there until his death. Her twin brother Charles, Duke of Gelderland, died on 30 June 1538, without legitimate offspring. Philippa claimed the duchies of Gelderland and Jülich but Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, seized the duchies. She sent the claim to the two duchies to her son Anthony, who added it to his Coat of Arms.
Philippa died at the Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson on 28 February 1547, aged seventy nine. She outlived nine of her eleven children and was alive at the time of birth of some great-grandchildren, living to see the birth of her grandson Francis I, Duke of Lorraine's children and her great-granddaughter, Mary, Queen of Scots.
Philippa and René had the following children:
- Charles (b. 17 August 1486, Nancy), d. young
- Francis (5 July 1487, Pont-à-Mousson) (died shortly after birth)
- Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (1489–1544)
- Nicholas (9 April 1493, Nancy), d. young
- Claude, Duke of Guise (1496–1550), first Duke of Guise
- John, Cardinal of Lorraine and Bishop of Metz (1498–1550)
- Louis, Count of Vaudémont (1500–1528)
- Francis, Count of Lambesc (1506–1525)
- Anne (19 December 1490, Bar-le-Duc – 1491)
- Isabelle (2 November 1494, Lunéville – bef. 1508)
- Claude and Catherine (twins) (24 November 1502, Bar-le-Duc), d. young
- Philippa De Guelders
Philippa of GueldersBorn: 9 November 1467 Died: 28 February 1547
Joan, Countess of Tancarville
|Duchess consort of Lorraine
Renée of Bourbon