Phillips, Maine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Phillips, Maine
Town
Main Street in 1907
Main Street in 1907
Phillips, Maine is located in Maine
Phillips, Maine
Phillips, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 44°50′25″N 70°22′20″W / 44.84028°N 70.37222°W / 44.84028; -70.37222
Country United States
State Maine
County Franklin
Incorporated 1812
Area[1]
 • Total 50.99 sq mi (132.06 km2)
 • Land 50.81 sq mi (131.60 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
Elevation 1,171 ft (357 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,028
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,028
 • Density 20.2/sq mi (7.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04966
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-58445
GNIS feature ID 0582674

Phillips is a town in Franklin County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,028 at the 2010 census. It is home to the Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad, a heritage railroad.

History[edit]

The plantation was part of a large tract granted by Massachusetts about 1790 to Jonathan Phillips of Boston. It was first settled in 1791 by Perkins Allen from Martha's Vineyard, a sea captain who called it Curvo. It was incorporated on February 25, 1812 and named for Phillips. The town was noted both for its productive soil, with hay the chief crop, and its superior water power. At falls along the Sandy River were erected sawmills, gristmills, a fulling mill and a carding machine.[4]

Other industries included a starch factory, tannery, furniture factory, boot and shoe factory, carriage maker, and harness maker. Most significantly, however, Phillips became prosperous as the center for lumbering in the Rangeley Lake region. At first, lumber was shipped during winter months on sledges dragged across the snow by oxen. But then in 1879, the narrow-gauge Sandy River Railroad opened to Farmington, where the Maine Central Railroad carried freight to further destinations.[5] In 1891, the line became the Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad. Although closed in 1935, it has been revived as a tourist attraction.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.99 square miles (132.06 km2), of which, 50.81 square miles (131.60 km2) of it is land and 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) is water.[1] Phillips is drained by the Sandy River, a tributary of the Kennebec River.

The town is bordered by Madrid and Salem Townships to the north, Township 6 North of Weld to the west, Weld and Avon to the south, and Freeman Township to the east.

Phillips is crossed by state routes 4, 142 and 149.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,028 people, 454 households, and 284 families residing in the town. The population density was 20.2 inhabitants per square mile (7.8 /km2). There were 668 housing units at an average density of 13.1 per square mile (5.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 454 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.76.

The median age in the town was 45.5 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 34.6% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 990 people, 407 households, and 275 families residing in the town. The population density was 19.4 people per square mile (7.5/km²). There were 626 housing units at an average density of 12.3 per square mile (4.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.79% White, 0.10% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.10% Asian, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.

There were 407 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,579, and the median income for a family was $32,284. Males had a median income of $26,413 versus $19,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,840. About 9.3% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 20.5% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Phillips is part of Maine School Administrative District 58, and home to Phillips Elementary School.

Stereoscopic views[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Phillips has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°49′23″N 70°20′22″W / 44.82306°N 70.33944°W / 44.82306; -70.33944