Phillipsburg, Kansas

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Phillipsburg, Kansas
City
Phillips County Courthouse
Phillips County Courthouse
Location of Phillipsburg, Kansas
Location of Phillipsburg, Kansas
Coordinates: 39°45′19″N 99°19′20″W / 39.75528°N 99.32222°W / 39.75528; -99.32222Coordinates: 39°45′19″N 99°19′20″W / 39.75528°N 99.32222°W / 39.75528; -99.32222
Country United States
State Kansas
County Phillips
Area[1]
 • Total 1.67 sq mi (4.33 km2)
 • Land 1.67 sq mi (4.33 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,946 ft (593 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,581
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,520
 • Density 1,545.5/sq mi (596.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67661
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-55675[4]
GNIS feature ID 0471927[5]

Phillipsburg is a city in and the county seat of Phillips County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,581.[7]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

Phillipsburg was founded in 1872.[8] It was named for politician and journalist William A. Phillips.[9] Phillipsburg was incorporated as a city in 1880.[10]

The first post office was established in Phillipsburg in 1872, but the name of the post office was spelled Phillipsburgh until 1893.[11]

20th century[edit]

In 1951, an oil refinery was built on the north edge of town which also helped the local economy until it was closed in the late 1980s.[citation needed]

21st century[edit]

TAMKO Building Products is now the largest manufacturer in the city.[citation needed] In 2007, an ethanol plant was built at the east side of Phillipsburg.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Phillipsburg is located at 39°45′19″N 99°19′20″W / 39.75528°N 99.32222°W / 39.75528; -99.32222 (39.755173, -99.322331) in northwestern Kansas on the western edge of the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains.[12] Phillipsburg is located in the middle of Phillips County, approximately 20 miles south of the Nebraska border. The city sits on the north side of Deer Creek, a tributary of the North Fork Solomon River. Plotner Creek, a tributary of Deer Creek, flows south along the western edge of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.67 square miles (4.33 km2), all land.[1]

Climate[edit]

Phillipsburg's climate is either classified as a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), using the −3 °C (26.6 °F) isotherm of the original Köppen scheme, or a humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), using the 0 °C (32 °F) isotherm preferred by some climatologists. Phillipsburg meets the criteria for a true winter dry season under the Köppen climate classification, which is a rarity for its region and for the United States as a whole outside of South Florida. The average temperature for the year in Phillipsburg is 51 °F (11 °C), and the average yearly precipitation is 23.3 inches (594 mm).[13] On average, January is the coolest month, July is the warmest month, and May is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Phillipsburg was 120 °F (49 °C) in 1936; the coldest temperature recorded was -28 °F (-33 °C) in 1989.[14]

Climate data for Phillipsburg, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
86
(30)
97
(36)
102
(39)
105
(41)
114
(46)
120
(49)
117
(47)
111
(44)
100
(38)
88
(31)
83
(28)
120
(49)
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
45
(7)
54
(12)
65
(18)
75
(24)
87
(31)
93
(34)
90
(32)
82
(28)
70
(21)
52
(11)
41
(5)
66
(18.8)
Average low °F (°C) 13
(−11)
17
(−8)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
49
(9)
60
(16)
65
(18)
63
(17)
52
(11)
39
(4)
26
(−3)
16
(−9)
38.8
(3.7)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−21
(−29)
−16
(−27)
7
(−14)
21
(−6)
40
(4)
42
(6)
37
(3)
20
(−7)
11
(−12)
−8
(−22)
−28
(−33)
−28
(−33)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.40
(10.2)
0.49
(12.4)
1.94
(49.3)
2.32
(58.9)
4.14
(105.2)
3.06
(77.7)
3.30
(83.8)
2.80
(71.1)
2.08
(52.8)
1.39
(35.3)
1.11
(28.2)
0.45
(11.4)
23.48
(596.3)
Source: The Weather Channel[14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 309
1890 992 221.0%
1900 1,008 1.6%
1910 1,302 29.2%
1920 1,310 0.6%
1930 1,543 17.8%
1940 2,109 36.7%
1950 2,589 22.8%
1960 3,233 24.9%
1970 3,241 0.2%
1980 3,229 −0.4%
1990 2,828 −12.4%
2000 2,668 −5.7%
2010 2,581 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,581 people, 1,116 households, and 702 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,545.5 inhabitants per square mile (596.7/km2). There were 1,307 housing units at an average density of 782.6 per square mile (302.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 1,116 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 43 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 21.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,668 people, 1,144 households, and 723 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,667.5 people per square mile (650.7/km²). There were 1,379 housing units at an average density of 861.9/sq mi (336.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.3% African American and 0.1% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 1,144 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,356, and the median income for a family was $43,816. Males had a median income of $30,898 versus $16,379 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,902. About 6.2% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under the age of 18 and 10.1% of those 65 or over.[4]

Culture[edit]

The Riverless Festival is held in June and is a take on other communities that have river or lake festivals. Since Phillipsburg is a dry climate area, the city celebrates its lack of rivers in a tongue-in-cheek way through its annual Riverless Festival. The courthouse square hosts craft booths,food stands line the roads, and children line up for the games and rides, which are sponsored by local area businesses.[15]

The rodeo is promoted as the biggest in Kansas. Phillipsburg hosts the rodeo each year, typically during the first week of August.[16]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 261. 
  9. ^ Capace, Nancy (1 June 2000). Encyclopedia of Kansas. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-403-09312-0. 
  10. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 473. 
  11. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Historical Weather for Phillipsburg, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 
  14. ^ a b "Average weather for Phillipsburg". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 
  15. ^ Riverless Festival
  16. ^ Kansas' Biggest Rodeo

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
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